Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online
Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

2 Corinthians 8

1 - Moreover, brothers, we make known to you the grace of God which has been given in the assemblies of Macedonia;

2 - how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

3 - For according to their power, I testify, yes and beyond their power, they gave of their own accord,

4 - begging us with much entreaty to receive this grace and the fellowship in the service to the saints.

5 - This was not as we had hoped, but first they gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us through the will of God.

6 - So we urged Titus, that as he had made a beginning before, so he would also complete in you this grace.

7 - But as you abound in everything, in faith, utterance, knowledge, all earnestness, and in your love to us, see that you also abound in this grace.

8 - I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love.

9 - For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that you through his poverty might become rich.

10 - I give a judgment in this: for this is expedient for you, who were the first to start a year ago, not only to do, but also to be willing.

11 - But now complete the doing also, that as there was the readiness to be willing, so there may be the completion also out of your ability.

12 - For if the readiness is there, it is acceptable according to what you have, not according to what you don't have.

13 - For this is not that others may be eased and you distressed,

14 - but for equality. Your abundance at this present time supplies their lack, that their abundance also may become a supply for your lack; that there may be equality.

15 - As it is written, "He who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack."Exodus 16:8

16 - But thanks be to God, who puts the same earnest care for you into the heart of Titus.

17 - For he indeed accepted our exhortation, but being himself very earnest, he went out to you of his own accord.

18 - We have sent together with him the brother whose praise in the Good News is known through all the assemblies.

19 - Not only so, but who was also appointed by the assemblies to travel with us in this grace, which is served by us to the glory of the Lord himself, and to show our readiness.

20 - We are avoiding this, that any man should blame us concerning this abundance which is administered by us.

21 - Having regard for honorable things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.

22 - We have sent with them our brother, whom we have many times proved earnest in many things, but now much more earnest, by reason of the great confidence which he has in you.

23 - As for Titus, he is my partner and fellow worker for you. As for our brothers, they are the apostles of the assemblies, the glory of Christ.

24 - Therefore show the proof of your love to them in front of the assemblies, and of our boasting on your behalf.

2 Corinthians Images and Notes

The Book of 2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians 3:18 - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.

2 Corinthians 10:3-5 - For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Painting of the Apostle Paul by Rembrandt - 1657
Painting of Paul the Apostle by Rembrandt - 1657

Introduction to The Book of 2 Corinthians

Brief Summary. Titus brought such good news to Paul that he was moved to express to the Corinthians his joy when he heard of their change of heart. Paul also defends his apostleship in this letter, as well as his conduct among the Corinthians, which were both under strong criticism.

Summary of The Book of 2 Corinthians

Background. Around the year 52 AD the apostle Paul was reaching the end of his second missionary journey, and he had just spent about a year and a half in Corinth where he made many disciples (Acts 18:10, 11). Later on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. During this time Paul wrote his letter to the Corinthians from the city of Ephesus (1 Corinthians 16:8). It was around this time that Paul almost lost his life during a great riot (Acts 19). He left Ephesus and came to Macedonia and he was meeting with many churches, and he was anxiously waiting to hear from Corinth, and finally Titus arrived having just returned from Corinth and gave Paul the good news that his letter was received with joy (II Corinthians 7:6) yet there were some leaders in the Corinthian church who were questioning Paul's apostolic authority. It was at this time that Paul wrote his second letter to the Corinthian church. He gave it to Titus to hand-deliver (2 Corinthians 8:6, 17), and he would follow soon after.

Purpose. The message of Paul in his second letter to the Corinthians was to defend his authority as an apostle of Jesus Christ, and to remind them that it was he that founded the church in Corinth, and he had every right to instruct them in the ways of the Lord concerning conduct and gathering together as a church of Jesus Christ. When Paul finally arrived in Corinth he spent all winter there (Acts 20:2, 3). While he was in Corinth he wrote his epistle to the church in Rome.

Authorship. Paul the Apostle as in 1 Corinthians.

Date. 2 Corinthians was written soon after 1 Corinthians, possibly even a few months.

Place of Writing. 2 Corinthians was written from some city in Macedonia where Paul had gone to receive Titus' report concerning the "severe letter" that was written by him.

Outline of the Book of 2 Corinthians

Paul's Testimony - Chapters 1:1-2:13
Glory of Christian Ministry -  Chapters 2:4-7:16
Glory of Giving - Chapters 8:1-9:15
Defense of the Christian Ministry 10:1-13:14

Jesus written in Hebrew
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus" would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A). Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means "The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".

2 Corinthians Maps and Resources

Map of the Roman Empire (14 A.D.) - This map reveals the Roman Empire during the time shortly after the birth of Jesus, in 14 AD at the time of the death of Augustus. The order which prevailed in this extensive empire, the good military roads, and the use of Koine Greek as the general language of culture throughout the area were among the factors which multiplied the rapid spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's First Missionary Journey (48 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia Minor where Paul visited in his first missionary journey. Around 48 AD, in the springtime, Paul and his companions Barnabas and Mark were sent on a mission from the church in Antioch. This would be the first of Paul's Missionary Journey's. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's Second Missionary Journey (51 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his second missionary journey. Paul re-visits a couple cities in Asia, one of which was Lystra where he was stoned and left for dead a few years earlier. He later has a vision that leads him over to Greece and Paul and his companions travel and minister in various cities in Greece (Philippi, Thessalonica, Berea, Athens and Corinth. Later Paul returns to Ephesus and finally to Caesarea and Antioch. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey (54 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his third missionary journey. On Paul's third missionary journey he returned to the cities he had first visited on his first missionary journey. During this time he decided to remain in Ephesus for about 3 years, and this city was the main focus of his activities and an important Christian community (Acts 19). (Color Map)

Map of the New Testament World - This map reveals the "Nations" within the ancient world during the first century A.D., the time of the New Testament. The map includes the areas of Israel, Asia, Greece, and Italy. (Color Map)

Map of New Testament Greece This map reveals the cities within Greece in the ancient world during the first century A.D.,The map includes the principal cities of Greece like: Athens, Corinth, and Thessalonica, and provinces like Macedonia and Achaia. (Color Map)