Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Luke 24

1 - But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they and some others came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared.

2 - They found the stone rolled away from the tomb.

3 - They entered in, and didn't find the Lord Jesus' body.

4 - While they were greatly perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling clothing.

5 - Becoming terrified, they bowed their faces down to the earth.They said to them, "Why do you seek the living among the dead?

6 - He isn't here, but is risen. Remember what he told you when he was still in Galilee,

7 - saying that the Son of Man must be delivered up into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again?"

8 - They remembered his words,

9 - returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.

10 - Now they were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James. The other women with them told these things to the apostles.

11 - These words seemed to them to be nonsense, and they didn't believe them.

12 - But Peter got up and ran to the tomb. Stooping and looking in, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he departed to his home, wondering what had happened.

13 - Behold, two of them were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was sixty stadia from Jerusalem.

14 - They talked with each other about all of these things which had happened.

15 - While they talked and questioned together, Jesus himself came near, and went with them.

16 - But their eyes were kept from recognizing him.

17 - He said to them,"What are you talking about as you walk, and are sad?"

18 - One of them, named Cleopas, answered him, "Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem who doesn't know the things which have happened there in these days?"

19 - He said to them,"What things?"They said to him, "The things concerning Jesus, the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people;

20 - and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him.

21 - But we were hoping that it was he who would redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things happened.

22 - Also, certain women of our company amazed us, having arrived early at the tomb;

23 - and when they didn't find his body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive.

24 - Some of us went to the tomb, and found it just like the women had said, but they didn't see him."

25 - He said to them,"Foolish men, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!

26 - Didn't the Christ have to suffer these things and to enter into his glory?"

27 - Beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he explained to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.

28 - They came near to the village, where they were going, and he acted like he would go further.

29 - They urged him, saying, "Stay with us, for it is almost evening, and the day is almost over."He went in to stay with them.

30 - When he had sat down at the table with them, he took the bread and gave thanks. Breaking it, he gave to them.

31 - Their eyes were opened, and they recognized him, and he vanished out of their sight.

32 - They said to one another, "Weren't our hearts burning within us, while he spoke to us along the way, and while he opened the Scriptures to us?"

33 - They rose up that very hour, returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and those who were with them,

34 - saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!"

35 - They related the things that happened along the way, and how he was recognized by them in the breaking of the bread.

36 - As they said these things, Jesus himself stood among them, and said to them,"Peace be to you."

37 - But they were terrified and filled with fear, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.

38 - He said to them,"Why are you troubled? Why do doubts arise in your hearts?

39 - See my hands and my feet, that it is truly me. Touch me and see, for a spirit doesn't have flesh and bones, as you see that I have."

40 - When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet.

41 - While they still didn't believe for joy, and wondered, he said to them,"Do you have anything here to eat?"

42 - They gave him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb.

43 - He took them, and ate in front of them.

44 - He said to them,"This is what I told you, while I was still with you, that all things which are written in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning me must be fulfilled."

45 - Then he opened their minds, that they might understand the Scriptures.

46 - He said to them,"Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day,

47 - and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

48 - You are witnesses of these things.

49 - Behold, I send out the promise of my Father on you. But wait in the city of Jerusalem until you are clothed with power from on high."

50 - He led them out as far as Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them.

51 - While he blessed them, he withdrew from them, and was carried up into heaven.

52 - They worshiped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,

53 - and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.


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Luke Images and Notes

The Book of Luke

Luke 1:1-4 - Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us, Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word; It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.

Luke 2:49 - And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?

Luke 19:42 - Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

Luke in The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Luke by El Greco 1605
Painting of St. Luke by El Greco - 1605

Introduction to The Gospel of Luke

The Word Gospel. The third book of the English Bible that most of us read from is the Gospel of Luke. Luke is the third of the four gospel writings, yet there is only one gospel about Jesus Christ and there are four different writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The word "Gospel" means "good news", and the good news is about Jesus Christ dying on the cross and then 3 days later conquering death and rising from the dead, offering salvation to all mankind, this is the Gospel.

Summary of The Book of Luke

Brief Summary. Jesus was the most perfect man of all men, the perfect Son of God. Completely devoted to everyone, especially the weak. He was the most humble man that ever lived, and not only a servant, but the lowest slave. He completely put others first before He thought of Himself, the Son of man.

Purpose. Luke seems to portray Jesus as an ideal man, very appealing to the Greek culture which exalted reason, philosophy, the human mind, and beauty. Luke's writings were orderly and classical. he mentions that Jesus spent the whole night in prayer before He chose His apostles (Luke 6:12-16), unlike the other Gospel accounts. There are also statements in Luke that speak of His purity more clearly, like when the centurion said "certainly this was a righteous man" (Luke 23:47). The other Gospel accounts seem to have a different focus in their portrayal of Christ. Luke also seems to reveal Christianity as a religion for all mankind and not just the Jews. For example, the lineage of Jesus is traced past Abraham all the way back to Adam the first man. Jesus is seen in Luke as a friend of sinners and a savior to anyone who would believe in Him. When considering both of Luke's works it is clear that he traces the origin, heart, and description of the Christian movement from Bethlehem to Jerusalem, to Antioch, to Macedonia, to Achaia, to Ephesus, and finally to Rome, the capital of the world. He examined eyewitnesses, knew personally and had close contact with the main followers of Christ like Mark and James, the brother of the Lord, Paul. Silas (a member of the Jerusalem Church) and no doubt many others.

Audience. Luke addressed his account of the life of Christ and the Acts of the Apostles to a man named Theophilus, yet it possesses a style that would appeal to all intelligent gentiles and would certain appeal to any believer. Theophilus could have been a gentile convert to Christianity who desired to know more of the facts surrounding the life of Jesus Christ, possibly a wealthy contributor to Christianity, no one can say for certain. The name Theophilus means "lover of God" and has been supposed by many to be a euphemism for all lovers of God in Christ.

Authorship. The gospel of Luke does not proclaim who the author is within the document, yet the historical information we have from the first two centuries of the Christian Era was unanimous in concluding that the writer was Luke. Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 1:1) as a continuing document, from the birth of John the Baptist and Jesus to Paul's imprisonment and ministry in Rome.

Date. Since the Book of Acts was written while Paul was in Rome, the date of Acts would be around 62 AD, and since the Gospel of Luke was mentioned as a "former 'treatise," Luke must have been written a few years earlier.

Place. It cannot be determined with certainty where the Gospel of Luke was written. Some of the early Church writers said it was written in Achaia. Many think Acts was most likely written in Rome and therefore Luke must have also. One common speculation is that the Gospel of Luke was written in Caesarea Maritima while Paul was in prison there a couple years before his journey to Rome.

The Man Luke. Luke was a gentile (non-Jew) and was not mentioned during the actual life of Jesus, but afterward he became a Christian under the influence of Paul the Apostle. Luke was described by Paul in his letter to the Church in Colossae as "the beloved physician" (Colossians 4:14). Luke was also mentioned as a companion of Paul on his missionary journeys, and on his third and last missionary journey he said that "only Luke is with me" (2 Timothy 4:11). Luke must have been an amazing man because he claims in the beginning of his account of the life of Christ that he "investigated everything carefully" (Luke 1 :1- 4). This would mean that he would have spoken with eyewitnesses to the miracles and events surround the ministry of Jesus. He was clearly persuaded by the facts that he was told and became a devoted follower of Christ and a companion of Paul until the end. There can be no doubt that Luke was a gentile believer, even his name "Luke" is a gentiloe name. Also in Colossians 4 it mentions the names Epaphras, Demas and Luke in contrast with those "of the circumcision." It is interesting to note that early Church leaders Irenaeus, Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius mentioned in their writings that Luke was influenced by Paul when he wrote the third Gospel account.

Language. Luke was written in Greek, he was a gentile believer and uses a style similar to other important Greek documents. He uses a popular, non-literary Greek style, omitting Semitic and Latin "barbarisms"; yet, he manifests a rich vocabulary and a high degree of literary artistry, as seen in his ability to sketch the character of an individual in a few graphic strokes of the pen. A noted French philosopher and critic of the Bible called the book of Luke "the most beautiful book ever written."

Historical Trustworthiness. Throughout the history of the Church and especially during the 1800's their has been many targeted attacks on the historical trustworthiness of Luke's writings. As the science of archaeology increased technologically and archaeological discoveries from the first century were being uncovered, Luke's writings were emerged as extremely accurate. Luke has been heralded by many scholars as one of the ablest and most accurate historians of the ancient world.

Outline of the Book of Luke

His Birth, Childhood, Early Ministry - Chapters 1:1-4:13
His Ministry in Galilee - Chapters 4:14-9:50
His Journey to Jerusalem, Ministry - Chapters 9:51-21:38
His Rejection and Death - Chapters 22:1-23:56
His Resurrection and Ascension - Chapter 24:1-53

Jesus written in Hebrew
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus" would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A). Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means "The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".

Luke Resources

Outline of the Life of Jesus in Harmony
Simple Map of First Century Israel
Topographical Map of First Century Israel
Map of the Ministry of Jesus
Map of the Roads in Ancient Israel
Map of the Roman Empire