hanun Summary and Overview
hanun in Easton's Bible Dictionary
graciously given. (1.) The son and successor of Nahash, king of Moab. David's messengers, sent on an embassy of condolence to him to Rabbah Ammon, his capital, were so grossly insulted that he proclaimed war against Hanun. David's army, under the command of Joab, forthwith crossed the Jordan, and gained a complete victory over the Moabites and their allies (2 Sam. 10:1-14) at Medeba (q.v.). (2.) Neh. 3:13. (3.) 3:30.
hanun in Smith's Bible Dictionary
(favored). 1. Son of Nahash #2Sa 10:1,2; 1Ch 19:1,2| king of Ammon, who dishonored the ambassadors of David, #2Sa 10:4| and involved the Ammonites in a disastrous war, #2Sa 12:31; 1Ch 19:6| (B.C. 1035.) 2. A man who, with the people of Zanoah, repaired the ravine gate in the wall of Jerusalem. #Ne 3:13| (B.C. 446). 3. The sixth son of Zalalph, who also assisted in the repair of the wall, apparently on the east side. #Ne 3:30| (B.C. 446.)
hanun in Schaff's Bible Dictionary
HA'NUN (gracious). 1. A king of Ammon who is known for the indignities he showed to the messengers sent to him by David to comfort him at the death of his father, 2 Sam 10:1-6. 2. A man of Jerusalem. Neh 3:13. 3. Another repairer of the wall. Neh 3:30.
hanun in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Son of Nahash, king of Ammon 1037 B.C. David had in his outlawry by Saul received kindness from Nahash; naturally, as Nahash was (1 Samuel 11) Saul's enemy and neighbour of Moab with which David's descent from the Moabitess Ruth connected him. He therefore at Nahash's death sent a message of condolence to his son Hanun. As gratitude, kindness, and sympathy characterized David's conduct, so ingratitude, uncharitable suspiciousness, and insolent injustice characterized Hanun. Insulting the ambassadors (by shaving half the beard, which is a foul insult in oriental estimation, and cutting off their skirts) brought on himself and his country a disastrous war which ended in the capture of Rabbah and of the royal crown, and the cruelest retaliations on their fighting men of their own cruelties to Israel (2 Samuel 10; 2 Samuel 12:30-31; 1 Chronicles 19-20). 2. Nehemiah 3:13. 3. Nehemiah 3:30.