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la'-ber (yeghia`, `amal; kopos): The word (noun and verb) denoting hard work or "toil" (thus in the Revised Version (British and American) of Dt 26:7; Josh 7:3; Rev 2:2) represents several Hebrew and Greek words, chiefly those above. Occasionally, as in Hab 3:17 (ma`aseh), it stands for "fruit of labor." Sometimes, in conjunction with "travail," it refers to childbirth (Gen 35:16,17, yaladh; compare 1 Thess 2:9; 2 Thess 3:8). Examples of the word in the ordinary sense are: of yeghia`, Gen 31:42; Job 39:11,16; Ps 128:2; of `amal, common in Eccl 1:3,8; 2:10,11,18, etc.; of kopos, 1 Cor 15:58 ("your labor is not vain," etc.); 1 Thess 1:3 ("work of faith and labor of love"; compare Heb 6:10); 1 Tim 5:17 ("labor in the word and in teaching").
James Orr
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'labor'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". - ISBE; 1915.

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