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April 18    Scripture

Bible History Online Picture Study Bible  Picture Study Bible with Maps and Notes

 

Psalms 53

1 - The fool has said in his heart, "There is no God."They are corrupt, and have done abominable iniquity.There is no one who does good.

2 - God looks down from heaven on the children of men,to see if there are any who understood,who seek after God.

3 - Every one of them has gone back.They have become filthy together.There is no one who does good, no, not one.

4 - Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge,who eat up my people as they eat bread,and don't call on God?

5 - There they were in great fear, where no fear was,for God has scattered the bones of him who encamps against you.You have put them to shame,because God has rejected them.

6 - Oh that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion!When God brings back his people from captivity,then Jacob shall rejoice,and Israel shall be glad.


Select a Chapter
Psalms 1 Psalms 2 Psalms 3 Psalms 4 Psalms 5
Psalms 6 Psalms 7 Psalms 8 Psalms 9 Psalms 10
Psalms 11 Psalms 12 Psalms 13 Psalms 14 Psalms 15
Psalms 16 Psalms 17 Psalms 18 Psalms 19 Psalms 20
Psalms 21 Psalms 22 Psalms 23 Psalms 24 Psalms 25
Psalms 26 Psalms 27 Psalms 28 Psalms 29 Psalms 30
Psalms 31 Psalms 32 Psalms 33 Psalms 34 Psalms 35
Psalms 36 Psalms 37 Psalms 38 Psalms 39 Psalms 40
Psalms 41 Psalms 42 Psalms 43 Psalms 44 Psalms 45
Psalms 46 Psalms 47 Psalms 48 Psalms 49 Psalms 50
Psalms 51 Psalms 52 Psalms 53 Psalms 54 Psalms 55
Psalms 56 Psalms 57 Psalms 58 Psalms 59 Psalms 60
Psalms 61 Psalms 62 Psalms 63 Psalms 64 Psalms 65
Psalms 66 Psalms 67 Psalms 68 Psalms 69 Psalms 70
Psalms 71 Psalms 72 Psalms 73 Psalms 74 Psalms 75
Psalms 76 Psalms 77 Psalms 78 Psalms 79 Psalms 80
Psalms 81 Psalms 82 Psalms 83 Psalms 84 Psalms 85
Psalms 86 Psalms 87 Psalms 88 Psalms 89 Psalms 90
Psalms 91 Psalms 92 Psalms 93 Psalms 94 Psalms 95
Psalms 96 Psalms 97 Psalms 98 Psalms 99 Psalms 100
Psalms 101 Psalms 102 Psalms 103 Psalms 104 Psalms 105
Psalms 106 Psalms 107 Psalms 108 Psalms 109 Psalms 110
Psalms 111 Psalms 112 Psalms 113 Psalms 114 Psalms 115
Psalms 116 Psalms 117 Psalms 118 Psalms 119 Psalms 120
Psalms 121 Psalms 122 Psalms 123 Psalms 124 Psalms 125
Psalms 126 Psalms 127 Psalms 128 Psalms 129 Psalms 130
Psalms 131 Psalms 132 Psalms 133 Psalms 134 Psalms 135
Psalms 136 Psalms 137 Psalms 138 Psalms 139 Psalms 140
Psalms 141 Psalms 142 Psalms 143 Psalms 144 Psalms 145
Psalms 146 Psalms 147 Psalms 148 Psalms 149 Psalms 150


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Psalms Images and Notes

The Book of Psalms

Psalm 2:7-9 - I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou [art] my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 8:3-4 - When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Psalm 53:1-3 - The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good. God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were [any] that did understand, that did seek God. Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Psalms
Hebrew Name - Tehillim "praises"
Greek Name - Psalmoi (Greek form of the Hebrew mizmor, meaning instrument songs)
Author - David (According to Tradition)
Date - 1056 BC Approximately
Theme - Give praise to the Lord
Types and Shadows - In Psalms Jesus is the One worthy of all praise

The Tomb of King David in Jerusalem
Painted Sketch of the Tomb of King David in Second Temple Jerusalem

Summary of The Book of Psalms

The title of the Book of Psalms in the Hebrew is sepher tehillim, meaning "book of praises", and indeed it is a fitting title. Every chapter is devoted to praise and thanksgiving from the author to Yahweh. This book clearly provides hope and confidence in the Lord as the maker of all things, the ultimate ruler of everything including the universe. He sees everything, knows everything, he has no limits, his presence is everywhere even in darkness there is no hiding and he is to be praised.

The Psalms are full of religious poetry and this was not uncommon in the ancient Near Eastern nations and peoples, and it was not surprising for the Hebrews to have produced such a powerful work. David was the recognized writer of the Psalms and they are many times referred to as the Psalms of David, although some of the chapters are not attributed to him in the notes.

The Psalms of David included Psalms 2-41 (except Psalms 33), Psalms 51-72, Psalms 108-110, and Psalms 138-145. David was no doubt a very skillful musician, the Bible mentions that he played the lyre for King Saul (1 Samuel 16:23), and the prophet Amos mentions that David invented instruments of music for worship of the Lord (Amos 6:5). There is also mention in the book of Samuel about David lamenting over Saul and Jonathan in a poetic fashion revealing his natural ability.

David went to many experiences in his life that he wrote about, especially when he was hunted down by King Saul from place to place like a "Partridge" in the wilderness. David was a young shepherd, he knew what it was like to tend his flock and to guard them from predators, this gave him a beautiful imagery for the Lord the great Shepherd. David was also a musician, a man of war, a king, a father, a husband, a friend, and many more. He repented over his sin in Psalm 51, acknowledging himself to be a sinner before God and God alone. God called David "a man after my own heart" and these experiences allowed him to share with the reader, a man who knew the heart of God. David was a master at finding different ways to praise God in life experiences and the book of Psalms is a wonder book for those who want to know how to please God. He was filled with the Holy Spirit (1 Samuel 16:13). There is no doubt the David wrote most of the Psalms, and the ones that he did not write are in his style as well.

Among the Psalms are two collections of Levitical Psalms, one is ascribed to the "sons of Korah" (Psalms 42-49), the other is ascribed to Asaph (Psalms 73-83 and Psalms 50). These exalt the tribes of Joseph. There are Psalms mentioning Moses, Haman, Ethan, and Solomon, some are anonymous (Psalm 33, 84-89). Some of the Psalms reveal a strong liturgical emphasis which might've been used in worship services, or on special days and do not mention the author (Psalms 91-100).

It is impossible to determine exactly how the Psalms were compiled and collected, and dating them is also difficult for most of the Psalms. Some of the Psalms are commemorating victories, while others are historical, remembering the Lord and God's people in past events. Other Psalms are prophetic and look to the future and the coming of the Messiah, as well as the heavenly kingdom. There are Psalms of affliction, lamentation and remorse over sin, as well as songs of Thanksgiving and trusting the Lord.

Some of the songs were chosen to be good for reciting on certain Jewish holy days, like the Sabbath, or Passover, the feast of Tabernacles, etc. There are titles on about 100 of the Psalms, the titles are so old that they cannot be understood even in the second century BC. Some of the titles point to the source of the Psalm, while others point to a certain purpose, or a certain melody, or something related to music.

Outline of the Book of Psalms

Psalms is divided into five books : Psalms 1-41, which witness to David's life and faith; Psalms 42-72, a group of historical writings; Psalms 73-99, ritual psalms; Psalms 90-106, reflecting pre-captivity sentiment and history; and Psalms 107-150, dealing with the captivity and return to Jerusalem. These five books are often regarded as the devotional counterpart to the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).

ARCHAEOLOGY

House of David Inscription - Tel Dan Stele

Tel Dan Stele - House of David Inscription
1 Kings 2:11 - And the days that David reigned over Israel [were] forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

An inscription containing the words "house of David" was found on a black basalt stone slab called the Tel Dan Stele, from Tel Dan, Israel, 9th Century B.C.

 Interesting facts about the Psalms: The book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible. The 119th Psalm is a longest chapter in the whole Bible. The 117th Psalm is the shortest chapter in the Bible and located in the middle. When the Old Testament is quoted in the New Testament by someone, over one third of all the quotes are from the Psalms.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon (Click to Enlarge)

Quick Reference Maps - Psalms

Hebron

Mahanaim

Zion and the City of David

The Kidron Valley and David's City

The Empire of David and Solomon

The Kingdom of David

Shiloh

Kirjath Jearim

Jabesh Gilead

Michmash

Judah in the Time of David

The City of Nob and David's Flight

The First Day. Light.

Psalms Resources

Samuel the Prophet
Saul, Israel's First King
King David
King Solomon

More About the Book of Psalms
Psalms in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
Back to the Old Testament
Back to Bible History Online
 

 

Bibliography Information
Bible History Online - Picture Study Bible, King James Version. New York: American Bible Society: www.bible-history.com, 1995-2013. Bible History Picture Study Bible. Apr 18, 2014.

Copyright Information
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Many Thanks to The British Museum, The Louvre, The Oriental Institute, Dr. Amihai Mazar, Dr. Dan Bahat, Dr. Craig Johnson, Yaacov Kuc, Chuck Smith, Jim Darden, Ron Haaland, The Translators of the KJV, and many others including Jesus, the Word of God.

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