Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History
Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

Song of Solomon 5

1 - I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride.I have gathered my myrrh with my spice;I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey;I have drunk my wine with my milk.FriendsEat, friends!Drink, yes, drink abundantly, beloved.
2 - I was asleep, but my heart was awake.It is the voice of my beloved who knocks:"Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled;for my head is filled with dew,and my hair with the dampness of the night."
3 - I have taken off my robe. Indeed, must I put it on?I have washed my feet. Indeed, must I soil them?
4 - My beloved thrust his hand in through the latch opening.My heart pounded for him.
5 - I rose up to open for my beloved.My hands dripped with myrrh,my fingers with liquid myrrh,on the handles of the lock.
6 - I opened to my beloved;but my beloved left; and had gone away.My heart went out when he spoke.I looked for him, but I didn't find him.I called him, but he didn't answer.
7 - The watchmen who go about the city found me.They beat me.They bruised me.The keepers of the walls took my cloak away from me.
8 - I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem,If you find my beloved,that you tell him that I am faint with love.
9 - How is your beloved better than another beloved,you fairest among women?How is your beloved better than another beloved,that you do so adjure us?
10 - My beloved is white and ruddy.The best among ten thousand.
11 - His head is like the purest gold.His hair is bushy, black as a raven.
12 - His eyes are like doves beside the water brooks,washed with milk, mounted like jewels.
13 - His cheeks are like a bed of spices with towers of perfumes.His lips are like lilies, dropping liquid myrrh.
14 - His hands are like rings of gold set with beryl.His body is like ivory work overlaid with sapphires.
15 - His legs are like pillars of marble set on sockets of fine gold.His appearance is like Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
16 - His mouth is sweetness;yes, he is altogether lovely.This is my beloved, and this is my friend,daughters of Jerusalem.
Song of Solomon Images and Notes

The Book of the Song of Solomon

Song of Solomon 1:2-4 - Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love [is] better than wine. Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

Song of Solomon 7:6-10 - How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights! This thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters [of grapes]. I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples; And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth [down] sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak. I [am] my beloved's, and his desire [is] toward me.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Song of Solomon
Hebrew Name - Shiyr Hashirim "Song of songs"
Greek Name - Asma Asmaton (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Solomon (According to Tradition)
Date - 1014 BC Approximately
Theme - The beauty of love
Types and Shadows - In Song of Solomon Jesus is the husband who loves His bride.

Quiet Stream
Peaceful Brook with still waters

Summary of The Book of the Song of Solomon

The first verse of the Book of the Song of Solomon mentions King Solomon as its author, and this is why it is often called the Song of Solomon. It is also referred to as Canticles (Latin) or the Song of Songs (Hebrew) because it is considered the finest of all songs. It is clear that this poem is a wedding song and it reveals the glories of love. It exalts physical love, erotic love, and everything about love. The time is springtime and two lovers are full of passion and delight. The words in the poem are very descriptive and romantic. When their love is finally consummated the bond is so durable that nothing can destroy it. The poem is clearly describing God's love for his people, he is the bridegroom and his people are his bride. He is deeply in love with them and ultimately there will be a wedding day, and how excited they both are for that day.

Over time it has been difficult for anyone to give a clear interpretation to the Book of the Song of Solomon. there are three primary interpretations that have been accepted. 1 � A literal interpretation, which treats this poem as a historical factual event. There were two actual lovers who were unselfishly devoted to one another and they were finally married. 2 � an allegorical interpretation, which treats this poem as an allegory, for God loves his people, Christ loves his bride, and his bride loves Him. 3 � The final interpretation is that Solomon was a type of God who is deeply in love with his bride who is a type of the church. The wedding is a type of a future wedding that will exist between Christ and his bride the church.

There is no way to know the exact historical circumstances behind this event. We know it was Solomon because it mentions him by name, but it is uncertain whether he married a Shulamite woman of Israel, or Pharaoh's daughter. Others have included a third person, a shepherd who the girl of Shulam is in love with despite the kings desire for her. This book was included in the Septuagint (Greek translation of the Hebrew Canon) and was known in the time of Jesus as part of the Hebrew Scriptures though some critics doubt it should be in the Bible. The Song of Solomon was so important to the Jews that one of the most famous rabbi's in history, Rabbi Aqiba (90-135 AD) said that "the entire world, from the beginning until now, does not outweigh the day in which Shiyr Hashirim (Song of Songs) was given to Israel."

Outline of the Book of the Song of Solomon

Song of Solomon 1:1-2:7 - The bride expresses her deep desire to be with her lover and sings praises about him.

Song of Solomon 2:8-3:5 - The affections between the bride and her lover becomes more intimate, and she pours out more praise on the one she loves was very elaborate and exquisite analogies from nature.

Song of Solomon 3:6-5:1 - King Solomon gives his praise, as does the bride, and the engagement takes place.

Song of Solomon 5:2-6:9 - The bridegroom goes away for a period of time, and during his absence the bride longs for his return and continues to give him praises.

Song of Solomon 6:10-8:4 - This section contains some very descriptive verses describing the beauty of the bride.

Song of Solomon 8:5-14 - The conclusion deals with the durable eternal bond of consummated love.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon (Click to Enlarge)

Quick Reference Maps - Song of Solomon

The Kingdom of Solomon at the time of the Song of Solomon

The Empire of David and Solomon during the Chronicles

Solomon's Temple Illustration

Song of Solomon Resources

King Solomon

More About the Book of Song of Solomon
Song of Solomon in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
Back to the Old Testament
Back to Bible History Online