Romans 4:25 [He] who was delivered up because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.
25. Who was delivered for--"on account of."
our offences--that is, in order to expiate them by His blood.
and raised again for--"on account of," that is, in order to.
our justification--As His resurrection was the divine assurance that
He had "put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself," and the crowning of
His whole work, our justification is fitly connected with that glorious
Note, (1) The doctrine of justification by works, as it generates
self-exaltation, is contrary to the first principles of all true
and see on
Note 1). (2) The way of a sinner's justification has been the
same in all time, and the testimony of the Old Testament on this
subject is one with that of the New
&c., and see on
Note 1). (3) Faith and works, in the matter of justification,
are opposite and irreconcilable, even as grace and debt
(Ro 4:4, 5;
and see on
If God "justifies the ungodly," works cannot be, in any sense or to any
degree, the ground of justification. For the same reason, the first
requisite, in order to justification, must be (under the conviction
that we are "ungodly") to despair of it by works; and the next, to
"believe in Him that justifieth the ungodly"--that hath a justifying
righteousness to bestow, and is ready to bestow it upon those who
deserve none, and to embrace it accordingly. (4) The sacraments of the
Church were never intended, and are not adapted, to confer
grace, or the blessings of salvation, upon men. Their proper use is to
set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so,
they presuppose, and do not create it
As circumcision merely "sealed" Abraham's already existing acceptance
with God, so with the sacraments of the New Testament. (5) As Abraham
is "the heir of the world," all nations being blessed in him, through
his Seed Christ Jesus, and justified solely according to the pattern of
his faith, so the transmission of the true religion and all the
salvation which the world will ever experience shall yet be traced back
with wonder, gratitude, and joy, to that morning dawn when "the God of
glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia,
before he dwelt in Charran,"
(6) Nothing gives more glory to God than simple faith in His word,
especially when all things seem to render the fulfilment of it hopeless
(7) All the Scripture examples of faith were recorded on purpose to
beget and encourage the like faith in every succeeding age
(Ro 4:23, 24;
(8) Justification, in this argument, cannot be taken--as
Romanists and other errorists insist--to mean a change upon men's
character; for besides that this is to confound it with
Sanctification, which has its appropriate place in this Epistle,
the whole argument of the present chapter--and nearly all its more
important clauses, expressions, and words--would in that case be
unsuitable, and fitted only to mislead. Beyond all doubt it means
exclusively a change upon men's state or relation to God;
or, in scientific language, it is an objective, not a
subjective change--a change from guilt and condemnation to
acquittal and acceptance. And the best evidence that this is the key to
the whole argument is, that it opens all the wards of the
many-chambered lock with which the apostle has enriched us in this
Questions Related to this Verse
Where in Scripture does it mention God's plan of salvation through blood atonement?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Faith?Where In Scripture does it talk about Jesus dying and giving Himself on the cross?Where in Scripture does it mention The resurrection of Jesus?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Justification?Scriptures about The Suffering of Jesus Christ?Where in Scripture does it reveal how the Messiah died?Where in Scripture does it talk about Jesus as the Saviour?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About The Resurrection Of Jesus Christ?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About God Justifying The Believer?
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Romans Images and
The Book of Romans
Romans 1:20 - For the invisible things of him from the
creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the
things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so
that they are without excuse:
Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for
good to them that love God, to them who are the called according
to [his] purpose.
Romans in The New Testament - A Brief Overview
Painting of Paul the Apostle by Rembrandt - 1657
Introduction to The
Epistle to the Romans
Brief Summary. Paul's message in his profound epistle
to the Romans 1-8 is that a man is justified by faith in Christ
and not by the works of the Law. Righteousness is by Christ
alone, and when a man believes in Christ, he becomes dead to sin
and the law and alive in Christ. The Holy Spirit sanctifies the
believer and empowers him to live a holy life. A relationship
with Christ brings adopted sonship and the assurance of salvation from sin.
The question about the Jews and their fate is answered in
Romans, they were chosen to possess the oracles of the Lord.
Romans 9-11 reveals that the Jews failed to recognize Christ as
the fulfillment of the Law and rejected their own Messiah.
Therefore God rejected Israel, yet, this rejection is not total
or final. Paul makes it abundantly clear that God will show
mercy to those Jews who acknowledge Jesus as Lord. In Romans
12-16 Paul exhorts the Christians in Rome regarding the practical aspects of
the new life in Christ.
Summary of The Book of Romans
Purpose. Paul was called by God to bring Christianity
to the gentile world, and to establish churches for worship and
ministry. Rome was the capital of the gentile world, and a
church had developed there. Paul no doubt knew the strategic
value of strengthening the body of believers by laying a strong
doctrinal foundation. There is also indications that Paul had
desired to preach the Gospel in Spain, and it would have been
wise to create a solid base in Rome. Paul was continually
challenged by the Jews regarding the Gospel of Christ and the
Law of Moses. Paul obviously wanted to clear up any confusion by
creating a strong doctrinal statement in his epistle. He
addresses the same issues as in his other epistles, false
doctrine, false teachers, and troublemakers who would stir up
dissension in the church. In the epistle to the Romans Paul also
introduces the deaconess Phoebe, he petitions the church at
large to pray for the Roman brethren, and to greet the believers
in Christ at the church in Rome.
Audience. The epistle begins with "to all God's
beloved in Rome" and this would clearly indicate that Paul was
addressing the Christian church in Rome. Throughout the book of
Romans it is clear that in the church at Rome there were many
Jews and gentiles.
Authorship. Paul the apostle is universally accepted
as the author of the epistle to the Romans. Throughout the
entire letter it is easy to see Paul's sincerity, his unique
insights in the teachings about God, the Jews, Jesus and
salvation to all mankind. Statements in the epistle indicate
that Paul was going to Jerusalem with the collection for the
poor which he had gathered (Romans 15:25-27).
Date. The epistle to the Romans appears to have been
written near the end of Paul's third missionary journey,
probably around 57 or 58 AD. One of the main reasons for this
date is because 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians refer to this
collection and this would indicate that Romans was written just
after 1 and 2 Corinthians, toward the end of Paul's third
missionary journey. Most scholars date the epistle near AD 58
and name Corinth as the city of its origin.
Outline of the Book of Romans
Doctrine and Theology - Chapters 1-8
God's Plan for Israel - Chapters 9-11
The New Life in Christ - Chapters 12-16
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus"
would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or
consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A).
Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means
"The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".
- Some ancient manuscripts omit the word, "Rome," scholars generally agree
that the epistle was addressed to the Christian church in Rome.
Map of the Roman Empire (14 AD) - This map reveals the
Roman Empire during the time shortly after the birth of Jesus,
in 14 AD at the time of the death of Augustus. The order which
prevailed in this extensive empire, the good military roads, and
the use of Koine Greek as the general language of culture
throughout the area were among the factors which multiplied the
rapid spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (Color Map)
Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey (54 AD) - This map
reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his
third missionary journey. On Paul's third missionary journey he
returned to the cities he had first visited on his first
missionary journey. During this time he decided to remain in
Ephesus for about 3 years, and this city was the main focus of
his activities and an important Christian community (Acts 19).
Map of Paul's Voyage to Rome (61 AD) - This map reveals
the journey of the Apostle Paul to Rome in 61 AD. Paul had
appealed to Caesar in Caesarea (Acts 24-25), his goal was to
spread the Gospel of Jesus throughout the Roman Empire all the
way to her great capital, Rome. He demanded that his case be
heard by the Roman Emperor. According to the Book of Acts, after
his shipwreck on the Island of Malta (Acts 28) he came to Italy
and was put on house arrest for two years (Acts 28:30). (Color
Map of the New Testament World - This map reveals the
"Nations" within the ancient world during the first century
A.D., the time of the New Testament. The map includes the areas
of Israel, Asia, Greece, and Italy. (Color Map)
Map of New Testament Italy - This map reveals the cities
within Italy during the first century A.D., the time of the New
Testament. The map includes the principle cities of Italy like
Neapolis and Rome. Follow the path of the Apostle.