Romans 1:17 For in it [the] righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "But the righteous [man] shall live by faith."
17. For therein is the righteousness of God revealed--that is (as the
whole argument of the Epistle shows), GOD'S JUSTIFYING RIGHTEOUSNESS.
from faith to faith--a difficult clause. Most interpreters (judging
from the sense of such phrases elsewhere) take it to mean, "from one
degree of faith to another." But this agrees ill with the apostle's
design, which has nothing to do with the progressive stages of faith,
but solely with faith itself as the appointed way of receiving God's
"righteousness." We prefer, therefore, to understand it thus: "The
righteousness of God is in the gospel message, revealed (to be) from (or
'by') faith to (or 'for') faith," that is, "in order to be by faith
received." (So substantially, MELVILLE,
as it is written--
The just shall live by faith--This golden maxim of the Old
Testament is thrice quoted in the New Testament--here;
--showing that the gospel way of "LIFE BY FAITH,"
so far from disturbing, only continued and developed the ancient
On the foregoing verses, Note (1) What manner of persons ought the
ministers of Christ to be, according to the pattern here set up:
absolutely subject and officially dedicated to the Lord Jesus; separated
unto the gospel of God, which contemplates the subjugation of all
nations to the faith of Christ: debtors to all classes, the refined and
the rude, to bring the gospel to them all alike, all shame in the
presence of the one, as well as pride before the other, sinking before
the glory which they feel to be in their message; yearning over all
faithful churches, not lording it over them, but rejoicing in their
prosperity, and finding refreshment and strength in their fellowship!
(2) The peculiar features of the gospel here brought prominently forward
should be the devout study of all who preach it, and guide the views and
the taste of all who are privileged statedly to hear it: that it is "the
gospel of God," as a message from heaven, yet not absolutely new, but on
the contrary, only the fulfilment of Old Testament promise, that not
only is Christ the great theme of it, but Christ in the very nature of
God as His own Son, and in the nature of men as partaker of their
flesh--the Son of God now in resurrection--power and invested with
authority to dispense all grace to men, and all gifts for the
establishment and edification of the Church, Christ the righteousness
provided of God for the justification of all that believe in His name;
and that in this glorious Gospel, when preached as such, there resides
the very power of God to save Jew and Gentile alike who embrace it. (3)
While Christ is to be regarded as the ordained Channel of all grace
from God to men
let none imagine that His proper divinity is in any respect compromised
by this arrangement, since He is here expressly associated with "God
the Father," in prayer for "grace and peace" (including all spiritual
blessings) to rest upon this Church
(4) While this Epistle teaches, in conformity with the teaching of our
Lord Himself, that all salvation is suspended upon faith, this
is but half a truth, and will certainly minister to self-righteousness,
if dissociated from another feature of the same truth, here explicitly
taught, that this faith in God's own gift--for which accordingly
in the case of the Roman believers, he "thanks his God through Jesus
(5) Christian fellowship, as indeed all real fellowship, is a mutual
benefit; and as it is not possible for the most eminent saints and
servants of Christ to impart any refreshment and profit to the meanest
of their brethren without experiencing a rich return into their bosoms,
so just in proportion to their humility and love will they feel their
need of it and rejoice in it.
Questions Related to this Verse
Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Faith?Where in Scripture does it mention The righteousness of God?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Justification?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Having Faith?
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Romans Images and
The Book of Romans
Romans 1:20 - For the invisible things of him from the
creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the
things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so
that they are without excuse:
Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for
good to them that love God, to them who are the called according
to [his] purpose.
Romans in The New Testament - A Brief Overview
Painting of Paul the Apostle by Rembrandt - 1657
Introduction to The
Epistle to the Romans
Brief Summary. Paul's message in his profound epistle
to the Romans 1-8 is that a man is justified by faith in Christ
and not by the works of the Law. Righteousness is by Christ
alone, and when a man believes in Christ, he becomes dead to sin
and the law and alive in Christ. The Holy Spirit sanctifies the
believer and empowers him to live a holy life. A relationship
with Christ brings adopted sonship and the assurance of salvation from sin.
The question about the Jews and their fate is answered in
Romans, they were chosen to possess the oracles of the Lord.
Romans 9-11 reveals that the Jews failed to recognize Christ as
the fulfillment of the Law and rejected their own Messiah.
Therefore God rejected Israel, yet, this rejection is not total
or final. Paul makes it abundantly clear that God will show
mercy to those Jews who acknowledge Jesus as Lord. In Romans
12-16 Paul exhorts the Christians in Rome regarding the practical aspects of
the new life in Christ.
Summary of The Book of Romans
Purpose. Paul was called by God to bring Christianity
to the gentile world, and to establish churches for worship and
ministry. Rome was the capital of the gentile world, and a
church had developed there. Paul no doubt knew the strategic
value of strengthening the body of believers by laying a strong
doctrinal foundation. There is also indications that Paul had
desired to preach the Gospel in Spain, and it would have been
wise to create a solid base in Rome. Paul was continually
challenged by the Jews regarding the Gospel of Christ and the
Law of Moses. Paul obviously wanted to clear up any confusion by
creating a strong doctrinal statement in his epistle. He
addresses the same issues as in his other epistles, false
doctrine, false teachers, and troublemakers who would stir up
dissension in the church. In the epistle to the Romans Paul also
introduces the deaconess Phoebe, he petitions the church at
large to pray for the Roman brethren, and to greet the believers
in Christ at the church in Rome.
Audience. The epistle begins with "to all God's
beloved in Rome" and this would clearly indicate that Paul was
addressing the Christian church in Rome. Throughout the book of
Romans it is clear that in the church at Rome there were many
Jews and gentiles.
Authorship. Paul the apostle is universally accepted
as the author of the epistle to the Romans. Throughout the
entire letter it is easy to see Paul's sincerity, his unique
insights in the teachings about God, the Jews, Jesus and
salvation to all mankind. Statements in the epistle indicate
that Paul was going to Jerusalem with the collection for the
poor which he had gathered (Romans 15:25-27).
Date. The epistle to the Romans appears to have been
written near the end of Paul's third missionary journey,
probably around 57 or 58 AD. One of the main reasons for this
date is because 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians refer to this
collection and this would indicate that Romans was written just
after 1 and 2 Corinthians, toward the end of Paul's third
missionary journey. Most scholars date the epistle near AD 58
and name Corinth as the city of its origin.
Outline of the Book of Romans
Doctrine and Theology - Chapters 1-8
God's Plan for Israel - Chapters 9-11
The New Life in Christ - Chapters 12-16
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus"
would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or
consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A).
Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means
"The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".
- Some ancient manuscripts omit the word, "Rome," scholars generally agree
that the epistle was addressed to the Christian church in Rome.
Map of the Roman Empire (14 AD) - This map reveals the
Roman Empire during the time shortly after the birth of Jesus,
in 14 AD at the time of the death of Augustus. The order which
prevailed in this extensive empire, the good military roads, and
the use of Koine Greek as the general language of culture
throughout the area were among the factors which multiplied the
rapid spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (Color Map)
Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey (54 AD) - This map
reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his
third missionary journey. On Paul's third missionary journey he
returned to the cities he had first visited on his first
missionary journey. During this time he decided to remain in
Ephesus for about 3 years, and this city was the main focus of
his activities and an important Christian community (Acts 19).
Map of Paul's Voyage to Rome (61 AD) - This map reveals
the journey of the Apostle Paul to Rome in 61 AD. Paul had
appealed to Caesar in Caesarea (Acts 24-25), his goal was to
spread the Gospel of Jesus throughout the Roman Empire all the
way to her great capital, Rome. He demanded that his case be
heard by the Roman Emperor. According to the Book of Acts, after
his shipwreck on the Island of Malta (Acts 28) he came to Italy
and was put on house arrest for two years (Acts 28:30). (Color
Map of the New Testament World - This map reveals the
"Nations" within the ancient world during the first century
A.D., the time of the New Testament. The map includes the areas
of Israel, Asia, Greece, and Italy. (Color Map)
Map of New Testament Italy - This map reveals the cities
within Italy during the first century A.D., the time of the New
Testament. The map includes the principle cities of Italy like
Neapolis and Rome. Follow the path of the Apostle.