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Psalms 18

1 - I love you, The LORD, my strength.
2 - The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer;my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge;my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
3 - I call on The LORD, who is worthy to be praised;and I am saved from my enemies.
4 - The cords of death surrounded me.The floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
5 - The cords of Sheol were around me.The snares of death came on me.
6 - In my distress I called on The LORD,and cried to my God.He heard my voice out of his temple.My cry before him came into his ears.
7 - Then the earth shook and trembled.The foundations also of the mountains quaked and were shaken,because he was angry.
8 - Smoke went out of his nostrils.Consuming fire came out of his mouth.Coals were kindled by it.
9 - He bowed the heavens also, and came down.Thick darkness was under his feet.
10 - He rode on a cherub, and flew.Yes, he soared on the wings of the wind.
11 - He made darkness his hiding place, his pavilion around him,darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
12 - At the brightness before him his thick clouds passed,hailstones and coals of fire.
13 - The LORD also thundered in the sky.The Most High uttered his voice:hailstones and coals of fire.
14 - He sent out his arrows, and scattered them;Yes, great lightning bolts, and routed them.
15 - Then the channels of waters appeared.The foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, The LORD,at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.
16 - He sent from on high.He took me.He drew me out of many waters.
17 - He delivered me from my strong enemy,from those who hated me; for they were too mighty for me.
18 - They came on me in the day of my calamity,but the LORD was my support.
19 - He brought me out also into a large place.He delivered me, because he delighted in me.
20 - The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness.According to the cleanness of my hands has he recompensed me.
21 - For I have kept the ways of The LORD,and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 - For all his ordinances were before me.I didn't put away his statutes from me.
23 - I was also blameless with him.I kept myself from my iniquity.
24 - Therefore the LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness,according to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.
25 - With the merciful you will show yourself merciful.With the perfect man, you will show yourself perfect.
26 - With the pure, you will show yourself pure.With the crooked you will show yourself shrewd.
27 - For you will save the afflicted people,but the haughty eyes you will bring down.
28 - For you will light my lamp, The LORD.My God will light up my darkness.
29 - For by you, I advance through a troop.By my God, I leap over a wall.
30 - As for God, his way is perfect.The LORD's word is tried.He is a shield to all those who take refuge in him.
31 - For who is God, except The LORD?Who is a rock, besides our God,
32 - the God who arms me with strength, and makes my way perfect?
33 - He makes my feet like deer's feet,and sets me on my high places.
34 - He teaches my hands to war,so that my arms bend a bow of bronze.
35 - You have also given me the shield of your salvation.Your right hand sustains me.Your gentleness has made me great.
36 - You have enlarged my steps under me,My feet have not slipped.
37 - I will pursue my enemies, and overtake them.Neither will I turn again until they are consumed.
38 - I will strike them through, so that they will not be able to rise.They shall fall under my feet.
39 - For you have armed me with strength to the battle.You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.
40 - You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me,that I might cut off those who hate me.
41 - They cried, but there was no one to save;even to The LORD, but he didn't answer them.
42 - Then I beat them small as the dust before the wind.I cast them out as the mire of the streets.
43 - You have delivered me from the strivings of the people.You have made me the head of the nations.A people whom I have not known shall serve me.
44 - As soon as they hear of me they shall obey me.The foreigners shall submit themselves to me.
45 - The foreigners shall fade away,and shall come trembling out of their close places.
46 - The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock.Exalted be the God of my salvation,
47 - even the God who executes vengeance for me,and subdues peoples under me.
48 - He rescues me from my enemies.Yes, you lift me up above those who rise up against me.You deliver me from the violent man.
49 - Therefore I will give thanks to you, The LORD, among the nations,and will sing praises to your name.
50 - He gives great deliverance to his king,and shows loving kindness to his anointed,to David and to his offspring, forever more.

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Psalms Images and Notes

The Book of Psalms

Psalm 2:7-9 - I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou [art] my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 8:3-4 - When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Psalm 53:1-3 - The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good. God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were [any] that did understand, that did seek God. Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Psalms
Hebrew Name - Tehillim "praises"
Greek Name - Psalmoi (Greek form of the Hebrew mizmor, meaning instrument songs)
Author - David (According to Tradition)
Date - 1056 BC Approximately
Theme - Give praise to the Lord
Types and Shadows - In Psalms Jesus is the One worthy of all praise

The Tomb of King David in Jerusalem
Painted Sketch of the Tomb of King David in Second Temple Jerusalem

Summary of The Book of Psalms

The title of the Book of Psalms in the Hebrew is sepher tehillim, meaning "book of praises", and indeed it is a fitting title. Every chapter is devoted to praise and thanksgiving from the author to Yahweh. This book clearly provides hope and confidence in the Lord as the maker of all things, the ultimate ruler of everything including the universe. He sees everything, knows everything, he has no limits, his presence is everywhere even in darkness there is no hiding and he is to be praised.

The Psalms are full of religious poetry and this was not uncommon in the ancient Near Eastern nations and peoples, and it was not surprising for the Hebrews to have produced such a powerful work. David was the recognized writer of the Psalms and they are many times referred to as the Psalms of David, although some of the chapters are not attributed to him in the notes.

The Psalms of David included Psalms 2-41 (except Psalms 33), Psalms 51-72, Psalms 108-110, and Psalms 138-145. David was no doubt a very skillful musician, the Bible mentions that he played the lyre for King Saul (1 Samuel 16:23), and the prophet Amos mentions that David invented instruments of music for worship of the Lord (Amos 6:5). There is also mention in the book of Samuel about David lamenting over Saul and Jonathan in a poetic fashion revealing his natural ability.

David went to many experiences in his life that he wrote about, especially when he was hunted down by King Saul from place to place like a "Partridge" in the wilderness. David was a young shepherd, he knew what it was like to tend his flock and to guard them from predators, this gave him a beautiful imagery for the Lord the great Shepherd. David was also a musician, a man of war, a king, a father, a husband, a friend, and many more. He repented over his sin in Psalm 51, acknowledging himself to be a sinner before God and God alone. God called David "a man after my own heart" and these experiences allowed him to share with the reader, a man who knew the heart of God. David was a master at finding different ways to praise God in life experiences and the book of Psalms is a wonder book for those who want to know how to please God. He was filled with the Holy Spirit (1 Samuel 16:13). There is no doubt the David wrote most of the Psalms, and the ones that he did not write are in his style as well.

Among the Psalms are two collections of Levitical Psalms, one is ascribed to the "sons of Korah" (Psalms 42-49), the other is ascribed to Asaph (Psalms 73-83 and Psalms 50). These exalt the tribes of Joseph. There are Psalms mentioning Moses, Haman, Ethan, and Solomon, some are anonymous (Psalm 33, 84-89). Some of the Psalms reveal a strong liturgical emphasis which might've been used in worship services, or on special days and do not mention the author (Psalms 91-100).

It is impossible to determine exactly how the Psalms were compiled and collected, and dating them is also difficult for most of the Psalms. Some of the Psalms are commemorating victories, while others are historical, remembering the Lord and God's people in past events. Other Psalms are prophetic and look to the future and the coming of the Messiah, as well as the heavenly kingdom. There are Psalms of affliction, lamentation and remorse over sin, as well as songs of Thanksgiving and trusting the Lord.

Some of the songs were chosen to be good for reciting on certain Jewish holy days, like the Sabbath, or Passover, the feast of Tabernacles, etc. There are titles on about 100 of the Psalms, the titles are so old that they cannot be understood even in the second century BC. Some of the titles point to the source of the Psalm, while others point to a certain purpose, or a certain melody, or something related to music.

Outline of the Book of Psalms

Psalms is divided into five books : Psalms 1-41, which witness to David's life and faith; Psalms 42-72, a group of historical writings; Psalms 73-99, ritual psalms; Psalms 90-106, reflecting pre-captivity sentiment and history; and Psalms 107-150, dealing with the captivity and return to Jerusalem. These five books are often regarded as the devotional counterpart to the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).


House of David Inscription - Tel Dan Stele

Tel Dan Stele - House of David Inscription
1 Kings 2:11 - And the days that David reigned over Israel [were] forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

An inscription containing the words "house of David" was found on a black basalt stone slab called the Tel Dan Stele, from Tel Dan, Israel, 9th Century B.C.

 Interesting facts about the Psalms: The book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible. The 119th Psalm is a longest chapter in the whole Bible. The 117th Psalm is the shortest chapter in the Bible and located in the middle. When the Old Testament is quoted in the New Testament by someone, over one third of all the quotes are from the Psalms.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon (Click to Enlarge)

Quick Reference Maps - Psalms



Zion and the City of David

The Kidron Valley and David's City

The Empire of David and Solomon

The Kingdom of David


Kirjath Jearim

Jabesh Gilead


Judah in the Time of David

The City of Nob and David's Flight

The First Day. Light.

Psalms Resources

Samuel the Prophet
Saul, Israel's First King
King David
King Solomon

More About the Book of Psalms
Psalms in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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