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Proverbs 8

1 - Doesn't wisdom cry out?Doesn't understanding raise her voice?
2 - On the top of high places by the way,where the paths meet, she stands.
3 - Beside the gates, at the entry of the city,at the entry doors, she cries aloud:
4 - "To you men, I call!I send my voice to the sons of mankind.
5 - You simple, understand prudence.You fools, be of an understanding heart.
6 - Hear, for I will speak excellent things.The opening of my lips is for right things.
7 - For my mouth speaks truth.Wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
8 - All the words of my mouth are in righteousness.There is nothing crooked or perverse in them.
9 - They are all plain to him who understands,right to those who find knowledge.
10 - Receive my instruction rather than silver;knowledge rather than choice gold.
11 - For wisdom is better than rubies.All the things that may be desired can't be compared to it.
12 - "I, wisdom, have made prudence my dwelling.Find out knowledge and discretion.
13 - The fear of the LORD is to hate evil.I hate pride, arrogance, the evil way, and the perverse mouth.
14 - Counsel and sound knowledge are mine.I have understanding and power.
15 - By me kings reign,and princes decree justice.
16 - By me princes rule;nobles, and all the righteous rulers of the earth.
17 - I love those who love me.Those who seek me diligently will find me.
18 - With me are riches, honor,enduring wealth, and prosperity.
19 - My fruit is better than gold, yes, than fine gold;my yield than choice silver.
20 - I walk in the way of righteousness,in the middle of the paths of justice;
21 - That I may give wealth to those who love me.I fill their treasuries.
22 - "The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his work,before his deeds of old.
23 - I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning,before the earth existed.
24 - When there were no depths, I was born,when there were no springs abounding with water.
25 - Before the mountains were settled in place,before the hills, I was born;
26 - while as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields,nor the beginning of the dust of the world.
27 - When he established the heavens, I was there;when he set a circle on the surface of the deep,
28 - when he established the clouds above,when the springs of the deep became strong,
29 - when he gave to the sea its boundary,that the waters should not violate his commandment,when he marked out the foundations of the earth;
30 - then I was the craftsman by his side.I was a delight day by day,always rejoicing before him,
31 - Rejoicing in his whole world.My delight was with the sons of men.
32 - "Now therefore, my sons, listen to me,for blessed are those who keep my ways.
33 - Hear instruction, and be wise.Don't refuse it.
34 - Blessed is the man who hears me,watching daily at my gates,waiting at my door posts.
35 - For whoever finds me, finds life,and will obtain favor from The LORD.
36 - But he who sins against me wrongs his own soul.All those who hate me love death."
Proverbs Images and Notes

The Book of Proverbs

Proverbs 3:5-6 - Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

Proverbs 15:1-4 - A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger. The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness. The eyes of the LORD [are] in every place, beholding the evil and the good. A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit.

Proverbs 17:12-13 - Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly. Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Proverbs
Hebrew Name - Mishley "proverbs"
Greek Name - Paroimiae (Greek form of the Hebrew )
Author - Solomon (According to Tradition)
Date - 1000 BC Approximately
Theme - It is wise to obey God
Types and Shadows - In Proverbs Jesus is true wisdom

Illustration of Solomon's Temple
Illustration of Solomon's Temple on Mount Moriah

Summary of The Book of Proverbs

The Proverbs are a collection of wise sayings that, although they were written in ancient times, their principles are for all men in every age, and every walk of life. The ultimate message in the book of Proverbs is that fearing the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. There is no greater principle that was taught by both David and Solomon than acknowledging God's presence in everything in life, and taking heed to everything He says.

Proverbs 1:1 indicates that the whole collection was called "the Proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel." Technically a proverb is a profound maxim or epigrammatic saying that, if pondered on for a length of time there is deep meaning associated with it. Proverbs was not uncommon in the ancient world, but the concept of fearing a single God who is the only God and the giver of life, was completely foreign in a world filled with polytheism.

Solomon was the son of David who was chosen to build the Temple. His name comes from the Hebrew word for peace (shalom), and he is recognized in the Bible as the ultimate peacemaker King in the history of the kingdom of  Israel. The book of Proverbs not only names Solomon as the author in the very first verse, but there are other verses that indicate that Solomon was the person responsible for the Proverbs (Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 25:1).

The book of Kings indicates that Solomon was blessed with wisdom from God (1 Kings 4:29), he was a man of humility (1 Kings 3:7), and a great diplomat (1 Kings 3:16-28; 1 Kings 5:12) to such an extent that people came from all over the world to hear his wisdom (1 Kings 4:30; 1 Kings 10:1-13). The book of Kings also indicates that Solomon wrote over 3000 proverbs (1 Kings 4:32), and this is many more than the book of Proverbs contains.

Solomon's Wisdom. David had chosen Solomon to sit upon the throne of Israel and serve the Lord. After Solomon had removed his enemies, he allied with the Pharaoh of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter to be his wife. Solomon had thought intensely about his task to build a house for the Lord, the Temple in Jerusalem. He went to offer sacrifices to the Lord at Gibeon and that night the Lord appeared to him in a dream saying "ask what you will and I will give it to you" and Solomon said "you have shown great mercy to your servant David, my father, even as he walked before you in truth and justice and with an upright heart. You have continued your great mercy toward him and given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is today. And now, O Lord God, you have made your servant King succeeding David, my father. I am but a child, and know not how to act. You have chosen me to be king over so many that they cannot be counted. Give me, therefore, an understanding heart, to judge your people and to discern between good and evil." The Lord was pleased with Solomon's request and said, "because you have not asked for long life or riches, nor for the death of your enemies, but have asked wisdom for yourself to discern what is right, I have done for you as you asked, and have given you a wise and understanding heart, so much so that you are unlike anyone before you, nor shall there be anyone like you after. Yes, and the things also which you did not ask, I have given you: that is, riches and glory, so that you are incomparable with all previous kings. And if you will walk in my ways, and keep my precepts and my commandments, as your father, I will lengthen your life." (see 1 Kings 3 and 2 Chronicles 1).

Outline of the Book of Proverbs

Proverbs 1-9, Solomon addresses the young. His words are arranged in a series of discourses in praise of wisdom. A personification of Wisdom speaks as an instructor, warning against all manner of folly. The proverbs in this section are arranged with more continuity than is seen in succeeding chapters.

Proverbs 10-22:16 are the "proverbs of Solomon," and this section is usually thought to be the original nucleus around which the remainder of the book was constructed.

Proverbs 22:17-24 :22 contains advice for those in responsible positions, calling it "the words of the wise." Proverbs 24:23-29 are designated as "the proverbs of Solomon which the wise men of Hezekiah copied out." These are in the form of detached statements, although there are occasional signs of continuity. There are also sayings on related subjects such as rulers, sluggards and fools.

Proverbs 30, the sayings of Agur, and Proverbs 31, the great chapter on womanhood which purports to come from the mother of King Lemuel which was constructed in acrostic form, the verses beginning with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. This last chapter completes this book of Hebrew wisdom.


House of David Inscription - Tel Dan Stele

Tel Dan Stele - House of David Inscription
1 Kings 2:11 - And the days that David reigned over Israel [were] forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

An inscription containing the words "house of David" was found on a black basalt stone slab called the Tel Dan Stele, from Tel Dan, Israel, 9th Century B.C.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon (Click to Enlarge)

Quick Reference Maps - Proverbs

The Kingdom of Solomon during the Proverbs

The Empire of David and Solomon during the Chronicles

Solomon's Temple Illustration

The First Day. Light.

Proverbs Resources

Samuel the Prophet
Saul, Israel's First King
King David
King Solomon

More About the Book of Proverbs
Proverbs in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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