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Numbers 33

1 - These are the journeys of the children of Israel, when they went out of the land of Egypt by their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
2 - Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of The LORD. These are their journeys according to their goings out.
3 - They traveled from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the next day after the Passover, the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians,
4 - while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom the LORD had struck among them. the LORD also executed judgments on their gods.
5 - The children of Israel traveled from Rameses, and encamped in Succoth.
6 - They traveled from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.
7 - They traveled from Etham, and turned back to Pihahiroth, which is before Baal Zephon: and they encamped before Migdol.
8 - They traveled from before Hahiroth, and crossed through the middle of the sea into the wilderness. They went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and encamped in Marah.
9 - They traveled from Marah, and came to Elim. In Elim, there were twelve springs of water, and seventy palm trees; and they encamped there.
10 - They traveled from Elim, and encamped by the Red Sea.
11 - They traveled from the Red Sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.
12 - They traveled from the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.
13 - They traveled from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.
14 - They traveled from Alush, and encamped in Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.
15 - They traveled from Rephidim, and encamped in the wilderness of Sinai.
16 - They traveled from the wilderness of Sinai, and encamped in Kibroth Hattaavah.
17 - They traveled from Kibroth Hattaavah, and encamped in Hazeroth.
18 - They traveled from Hazeroth, and encamped in Rithmah.
19 - They traveled from Rithmah, and encamped in Rimmon Perez.
20 - They traveled from Rimmon Perez, and encamped in Libnah.
21 - They traveled from Libnah, and encamped in Rissah.
22 - They traveled from Rissah, and encamped in Kehelathah.
23 - They traveled from Kehelathah, and encamped in Mount Shepher.
24 - They traveled from Mount Shepher, and encamped in Haradah.
25 - They traveled from Haradah, and encamped in Makheloth.
26 - They traveled from Makheloth, and encamped in Tahath.
27 - They traveled from Tahath, and encamped in Terah.
28 - They traveled from Terah, and encamped in Mithkah.
29 - They traveled from Mithkah, and encamped in Hashmonah.
30 - They traveled from Hashmonah, and encamped in Moseroth.
31 - They traveled from Moseroth, and encamped in Bene Jaakan.
32 - They traveled from Bene Jaakan, and encamped in Hor Haggidgad.
33 - They traveled from Hor Haggidgad, and encamped in Jotbathah.
34 - They traveled from Jotbathah, and encamped in Abronah.
35 - They traveled from Abronah, and encamped in Ezion Geber.
36 - They traveled from Ezion Geber, and encamped at Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.
37 - They traveled from Kadesh, and encamped in Mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.
38 - Aaron the priest went up into Mount Hor at the commandment of The LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month.
39 - Aaron was one hundred twenty-three years old when he died in Mount Hor.
40 - The Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the South in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.
41 - They traveled from Mount Hor, and encamped in Zalmonah.
42 - They traveled from Zalmonah, and encamped in Punon.
43 - They traveled from Punon, and encamped in Oboth.
44 - They traveled from Oboth, and encamped in Iye Abarim, in the border of Moab.
45 - They traveled from Iyim, and encamped in Dibon Gad.
46 - They traveled from Dibon Gad, and encamped in Almon Diblathaim.
47 - They traveled from Almon Diblathaim, and encamped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.
48 - They traveled from the mountains of Abarim, and encamped in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.
49 - They encamped by the Jordan, from Beth Jeshimoth even to Abel Shittim in the plains of Moab.
50 - The LORD spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying,
51 - Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them, "When you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan,
52 - then you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, destroy all their stone idols, destroy all their molten images, and demolish all their high places.
53 - You shall take possession of the land, and dwell therein; for I have given the land to you to possess it.
54 - You shall inherit the land by lot according to your families; to the more you shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer you shall give the less inheritance. Wherever the lot falls to any man, that shall be his. You shall inherit according to the tribes of your fathers.
55 - "But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those you let remain of them will be as pricks in your eyes and as thorns in your sides, and they will harass you in the land in which you dwell.
56 - It shall happen that as I thought to do to them, so will I do to you."
Numbers Images and Notes

The Book of Numbers

Numbers 14:14 - And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survery - Numbers
Hebrew Name - Bemidhbar "in the wilderness"
Greek Name - Numbers "numberings"
Author - Moses
Date - From 1490-1451 BC Approximately
Theme - The Journey to the Promised Land
Types and Shadows - In Numbers Jesus is the Pillar of Cloud by Day and the Pillar of Fire by Night

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Summary of The Book of Numbers

The book of Numbers takes its name from the account of the census that happened two times among the congregation of Israel in Numbers 1-4 and Numbers 26. The Greek title was used even though there is really no connection with the "numberings." The original Hebrew title which means "in the wilderness," is much more accurate, because the book of Numbers is it's really an accurate history of the events that happened during the period of wandering in the wilderness and not necessarily a book about statistics. The book of Numbers seems to follow naturally after the book of Leviticus in the order of the books of Moses in the Old Testament. After the children of Israel received the laws at Mount Sinai, they began the journey as described in the book of Exodus, and they were ready to march directly into the land of Canaan. The book of Numbers reveals how the children of Israel became prepared, and went to various trials, and how they were sinful in not trusting the Lord. Their sinful ways resulted in 37 years of wandering through the harsh wilderness. The book of Numbers concludes with the children of Israel once again at the edge of the land of Canaan, where they received instructions for the conquest of Canaan and the division of the land.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

The principle divisions of the book are as follows:

Outline of the Book of Numbers

1) The preparation for the departure from Sinai (1:1-10:10). The events described here took place in nineteen days. In this time a census was taken of all men who were over twenty and who could serve in military efforts (1-4). The total obtained was 603,550 (1:46). This would indicate that the total population of the group was probably near three million. The census was followed by the cleansing and blessing of the congregation (5-6), the offering of gifts from the various tribes (7), the consecration of the Levites (8) and the observance of the Passover at Sinai (9:1-14).

2 ) The journey from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (10:11-14:45). This section includes the account of the coming of the quail (11), the rebellion against Moses by Miriam and Aaron (12), and the fateful mission of the spies (13, 14).

3) The wanderings of the desert wilderness (15-19). As noted above, this covered a period of thirty-seven years, from the end of the second to the beginning of the fortieth year in the wilderness. Ch. 15 includes various laws and a record of capital punishment for Sabbath breaking. The rebellion of Korah (ch. 16) and the budding of Aaron's rod (ch. 17) are also mentioned here.

4 ) The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites at Kadesh till they reach "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho" (20-36: 13). Notable sections of this are the story of Balaam (22:2-24:25), the zeal of Phinehas (ch. 25), the second census (26:1-51) , instructions for dividing the land (26:52-27: 11), the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor (27: 12-23), various laws concerning offerings and vows ( 28-30 ), the war with Midian (ch. 31), the settlement of the tribes east of the Jordan (ch. 32), a review of the locations at which Israel had camped during their wanderings (33: 1-49), more instructions concerning the conquest and division of Canaan (33:50-34:29 ), the appointment of the cities of refuge (ch. 35) and instructions concerning the marriage of land-owning Israelite women (ch. 36).


Ancient Bronze Snake

Bronze Snake from Lachish

Bronze Snake from Lachish, Late Bronze Age

Quick Reference Maps - Numbers

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Canaan Before Joshua

Kadesh barnea

Moab and Ammon


Numbers Resources

The Wilderness Wanderings

More About the Book of Numbers
Numbers in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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