4. they journeyed from mount Hor--On being refused the passage
requested, they returned through the Arabah, "the way of the Red Sea,"
to Elath, at the head of the eastern gulf of the Red Sea, and thence
passed up through the mountains to the eastern desert, so as to make
the circuit of the land of Edom
(Nu 33:41, 42).
the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way--Disappointment on finding themselves so near the confines of the promised land without entering it; vexation at the refusal of a passage through Edom and the absence of any divine interposition in their favor; and above all, the necessity of a retrograde journey by a long and circuitous route through the worst parts of a sandy desert and the dread of being plunged into new and unknown difficulties--all this produced a deep depression of spirits. But it was followed, as usually, by a gross outburst of murmuring at the scarcity of water, and of expressions of disgust at the manna.
Bronze Snake from Lachish, Late Bronze Age
Number 21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.ARCHAEOLOGY
Ancient Standard with Two Snakes
Bronze Standard from Hazor showing the head of a goddess and two snakes.
The Tabernacle of Moses
The ancient Tabernacle of Moses illustration with the curtain fence, the bronze laver, the bronze altar, the holy place, and the badger skin covering. (Click to Enlarge)
Important Topics for Bible Study
the mount of God
Quick Reference Maps
The Old Testament