Mark 14 Images and
Brief Summary: Christ
anointed at Bethany. (1-11) The Passover, Jesus declares that
Judas would betray him. (12-21) The Lord's supper instituted.
(22-31) Christ's agony in the garden. (32-42) He is betrayed and
taken. (43-52) Christ before the high priest. (53-65) Peter
denies Christ. (66-72)
Alabaster bottles from the ancient
Mark 14:3 - And being in Bethany in the house of
Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an
alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very
precious; and she brake the box, and poured [it] on his head.
The Book of Mark
Mark 1:15 - And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the
kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.
Mark 2:12 - And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and
went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed,
and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
Mark in The New Testament - A Brief Overview
Painting of St. Mark by Titian - 1560
Introduction to The
Gospel of Mark
The Word Gospel. The second book of the English
Bible that most of us read from is the Gospel of Mark.
Mark is the second of the four gospel writings, yet there is
only one gospel about Jesus Christ and there are four different
writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The word "Gospel"
means "good news", and the good news is about Jesus
Christ dying on the cross and then 3 days later conquering death
and rising from the dead, offering salvation to all mankind,
this is the Gospel.
Summary of The Book of Mark
Brief Summary. Jesus of Nazareth is the suffering
servant who came to die for the sins of all men. He did His work
and "immediately" went to the cross, so be encouraged all who
are suffering because Christ suffered for you.
Purpose. The Book of Mark is the shortest of the 4
Gospel accounts of the life of Jesus Christ. and he seems to
write his account of the Gospel of Christ with a sense of
urgency. He mentions the word "immediately" 27 times. In Mark
many times Jesus exercises actions rather than words, which
would impress his Roman readers who the Book seems to be
addressing. He portrays Jesus as a man of power and miracles,
who could set aside the laws of nature at will. Yet this
powerful Son of God was the suffering servant who would give up
His life as a ransom for all mankind (Mark 10:45). The clear
purpose of mark was to encourage those suffering persecution
that their master suffered first, and He suffered for them.
Audience. Apparently Mark wrote his Gospel account to
encourage gentile Christians in Rome who were facing the
persecutions of the Emperor Nero. History is clear about the
atrocious behavior of the Romans and especially the insanity of
Nero. The other evidence that scholars bring up concerning
mark's audience as being gentiles is the fact that Mark does not
deal with Jewish Laws and he only quotes one prophecy from the
Old Testament. There is also careful thought into explaining
Jewish customs and idioms. (See Mark 3:7; 5:41; 7:2; 10:46;
14:36; 15:34; 9:43; 14:12; 15:42).
Authorship. The gospel of Mark does not proclaim who
the author is within the document, yet the information that we
know about Mark can be seen in the writer of this gospel. It is
evident that the writer was Jewish, he was a Christian, and he
was familiar with every day Jewish life, as well as the Jewish
Scriptures. We know from the Scriptures that Mark was Jewish,
and he knew the teachings of Jesus very well. He also knew the
teachings of the rest of the apostles. It is also important to
notice that after Peter was imprisoned he went to the house of
Mary, the mother of Mark (Acts 12:12-17). Also Peter mentions in
his epistle "my son Mark" (1 Peter 5:13). During Paul's
missionary journeys Mark became a companion of Paul and
Barnabas, and he left them at Perga in Pamphylia (Acts 13:13),
after Paul had rebuked him. Many years later Mark regained the
favor of Paul (Col. 4:10; 2 Tim. 4:11). Early Church
tradition unanimously ascribes the second gospel to Mark as a
companion of Peter and the writer of the second Gospel. One
prologue to the Gospels which was written around 160 AD has this
statement: "Mark… Was Peter's interpreter, and after Peter's
decease wrote down this gospel in the region of Italy." Irenaeus,
Clement of Alexandria and Tertullian also attest to Mark as the
Location. Nothing in the Gospel of Mark indicates
where it was written from. Most of the early writers who boast
of Mark as the author also name Rome as the place it was
Date. Early Christian writers and traditions place the
Gospel of Mark sometime close to the end of Peter's life, around
60-65 AD. Most scholars agree that the Gospel of Mark was
written before the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD, while the
Second Temple in Jerusalem was still standing (Mark 13:1-2).
Many scholars do not believe in the miracle of predictive
prophecy and argue that the Gospel of Mark was written after the
fall of Jerusalem, because of the accurate details of the events
that Jesus spoke about. Mark's Gospel account seems to
have been written as encouragement to the Christians who were
facing the persecution of the Emperor Nero which took place in
Outline of the Book of Mark
The Servant Comes - Chapter 1:1-13
The Servant's Work - Chapters 1:14-13:37
The Servant's Death - Chapters 14:1-15:47
The Servant's Resurrection - Chapter 16:1-20
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus"
would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or
consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A).
Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means
"The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".
Outline of the Life of Jesus in Harmony
Simple Map of First Century Israel
Topographical Map of First Century Israel
Map of the Ministry of
Map of the Roads in Ancient Israel
Map of the Roman Empire