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Hosea 5

1 - "Listen to this, you priests!Listen, house of Israel,and give ear, house of the king!For the judgment is against you;for you have been a snare at Mizpah,and a net spread on Tabor.

2 - The rebels are deep in slaughter;but I discipline all of them.

3 - I know Ephraim,and Israel is not hidden from me;for now, Ephraim, you have played the prostitute.Israel is defiled.

4 - Their deeds won't allow them to turn to their God;for the spirit of prostitution is within them,and they don't know The LORD.

5 - The pride of Israel testifies to his face.Therefore Israel and Ephraim will stumble in their iniquity.Judah also will stumble with them.

6 - They will go with their flocks and with their herds to seek The LORD;but they won't find him.He has withdrawn himself from them.

7 - They are unfaithful to The LORD;for they have borne illegitimate children.Now the new moon will devour them with their fields.

8 - "Blow the cornet in Gibeah,and the trumpet in Ramah!Sound a battle cry at Beth Aven, behind you, Benjamin!

9 - Ephraim will become a desolation in the day of rebuke.Among the tribes of Israel, I have made known that which will surely be.

10 - The princes of Judah are like those who remove a landmark.I will pour out my wrath on them like water.

11 - Ephraim is oppressed,he is crushed in judgment;Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.

12 - Therefore I am to Ephraim like a moth,and to the house of Judah like rottenness.

13 - "When Ephraim saw his sickness,and Judah his wound,Then Ephraim went to Assyria,and sent to king Jareb:but he is not able to heal you,neither will he cure you of your wound.

14 - For I will be to Ephraim like a lion,and like a young lion to the house of Judah.I myself will tear in pieces and go away.I will carry off, and there will be no one to deliver.

15 - I will go and return to my place,until they acknowledge their offense,and seek my face.In their affliction they will seek me earnestly."

Hosea Images and Notes

The Book of Hosea

Hosea 8:7-9 - For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up. Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure. For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

Hosea 14:9 - Who [is] wise, and he shall understand these [things]? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD [are] right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Hosea
Hebrew Name - Hoshea "Salvation"
Greek Name - Osee (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Hosea (According to Tradition)
Date - 785 BC Approximately
Theme - The apostasy of Israel
Types and Shadows - In Hosea Jesus is the faithful husband

Summary of The Book of Hosea

The prophet Hosea had a real-life situation that God used to illustrate his problem with the nation of Israel. Hosea's adulterous wife had broken his heart, and this is exactly what the children of Israel had done to God when they played the harlot with other gods. Later when her adulterous affairs had led her to be sold on the slave block, Hosea was willing to buy her back for he could not give her up. This dramatically illustrated Israel's situation for soon they would be conquered by the Assyrians and then sold into slavery because they had forgotten their God. The prophet Hosea spoke about a future blessing in which God will restore Israel.

My people are bent on backsliding from Me. Though they call to the Most High, none at all exalt Him. "How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? . . . My heart churns within Me; my sympathy is stirred. . . "I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely, for My anger has turned away from him." Hosea 11:7-8, 14:4

The prophet Hosea was commanded by God to marry a wife of harlotry because Israel hath committed great harlotry. He was sent by God to prophesy about the northern King of Israel. Hosea ministered to Israel for a great length of time (over 50 years), and they were his primary target although he does mention four kings of Judah (Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah). The northern kingdom of Israel was enjoying tremendous prosperity during the reign of Jeroboam II, yet when he died various kings came to the throne for a brief period of time and then many were assassinated. The problem with the northern kingdom was that they were idolaters, and every one of their kings were evil whether they prospered or not. The people were making sacrifices on heathen altars, adultery was prevalent, and ritualistic prostitution abounded. Hosea attributed their wretchedness to a lack of knowledge, not a lack of  intellectual knowledge, but lacking a relationship with the living God. Yet God loves his people with an everlasting love in spite of their corruption.

The contents of the book may be analyzed further as follows :

Outline of the Book of Hosea

In Hosea 1-3, the faithless actions of Israel toward God are illustrated by the relationship between Hosea and his adultress wife, Gomer. The names of his children indicate the attitude of God toward Israel. The first is named "Jezreel" after the city which was the scene of Jehu's brutality and which signified that God would punish his people. Lo-Ruhamah (Not pitied) and Lo-Ammi (Not my people) are the names given to the two other children, signifying the estrangement which was the inevitable result of the actions of Israel. God's love is illustrated in Hosea's willingness to buy his wife back from the practice of harlotry - though she could not continue in her harlotry while he was with her.

The second division of the prophecy, found in Hosea 4-14, presents a detailed picture of the depths of depravity to which Israel had gone, with alternating passages of reproof, threats of punishment, and assurances of restoration.

The First Day. Light.

Hosea Resources

The Divided Kingdom
The Northern Kingdom of Israel
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
The Assyrian Captivity
The Babylonian Captivity
The Return From Babylon
The Prophets
The Messiah

The Book of Hosea

More About the Book of Hosea
Hosea in the Picture Study Bible
Chart of the Prophets of Israel and Judah
Timeline of the Ancient World
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