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Hosea 13

1 - When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling.He exalted himself in Israel,but when he became guilty in Baal, he died.
2 - Now they sin more and more,and have made themselves molten images of their silver,even idols according to their own understanding,all of them the work of the craftsmen.They say of them, 'They offer human sacrifice and kiss the calves.'
3 - Therefore they will be like the morning mist,and like the dew that passes away early,like the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the threshing floor,and like the smoke out of the chimney.
4 - "Yet I am the LORD your God from the land of Egypt;and you shall acknowledge no god but me,and besides me there is no savior.
5 - I knew you in the wilderness,in the land of great drought.
6 - According to their pasture, so were they filled;they were filled, and their heart was exalted.Therefore they have forgotten me.
7 - Therefore I am like a lion to them.Like a leopard, I will lurk by the path.
8 - I will meet them like a bear that is bereaved of her cubs,and will tear the covering of their heart.There I will devour them like a lioness.The wild animal will tear them.
9 - You are destroyed, Israel, because you are against me,against your help.
10 - Where is your king now, that he may save you in all your cities?And your judges, of whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes?'
11 - I have given you a king in my anger,and have taken him away in my wrath.
12 - The guilt of Ephraim is stored up.His sin is stored up.
13 - The sorrows of a travailing woman will come on him.He is an unwise son;for when it is time, he doesn't come to the opening of the womb.
14 - I will ransom them from the power of Sheol.I will redeem them from death!Death, where are your plagues?Sheol, where is your destruction?"Compassion will be hidden from my eyes.
15 - Though he is fruitful among his brothers, an east wind will come,the breath of the LORD coming up from the wilderness;and his spring will become dry,and his fountain will be dried up.He will plunder the storehouse of treasure.
16 - Samaria will bear her guilt;for she has rebelled against her God.They will fall by the sword.Their infants will be dashed in pieces,and their pregnant women will be ripped open."
Hosea Images and Notes

The Book of Hosea

Hosea 8:7-9 - For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up. Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure. For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

Hosea 14:9 - Who [is] wise, and he shall understand these [things]? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD [are] right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Hosea
Hebrew Name - Hoshea "Salvation"
Greek Name - Osee (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Hosea (According to Tradition)
Date - 785 BC Approximately
Theme - The apostasy of Israel
Types and Shadows - In Hosea Jesus is the faithful husband

Summary of The Book of Hosea

The prophet Hosea had a real-life situation that God used to illustrate his problem with the nation of Israel. Hosea's adulterous wife had broken his heart, and this is exactly what the children of Israel had done to God when they played the harlot with other gods. Later when her adulterous affairs had led her to be sold on the slave block, Hosea was willing to buy her back for he could not give her up. This dramatically illustrated Israel's situation for soon they would be conquered by the Assyrians and then sold into slavery because they had forgotten their God. The prophet Hosea spoke about a future blessing in which God will restore Israel. - The above text is © Rusty Russell - Bible History Online and must be sourced for use on a website.

My people are bent on backsliding from Me. Though they call to the Most High, none at all exalt Him. "How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? . . . My heart churns within Me; my sympathy is stirred. . . "I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely, for My anger has turned away from him." Hosea 11:7-8, 14:4

The prophet Hosea was commanded by God to marry a wife of harlotry because Israel hath committed great harlotry. He was sent by God to prophesy about the northern King of Israel. Hosea ministered to Israel for a great length of time (over 50 years), and they were his primary target although he does mention four kings of Judah (Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah). The northern kingdom of Israel was enjoying tremendous prosperity during the reign of Jeroboam II, yet when he died various kings came to the throne for a brief period of time and then many were assassinated. The problem with the northern kingdom was that they were idolaters, and every one of their kings were evil whether they prospered or not. The people were making sacrifices on heathen altars, adultery was prevalent, and ritualistic prostitution abounded. Hosea attributed their wretchedness to a lack of knowledge, not a lack of  intellectual knowledge, but lacking a relationship with the living God. Yet God loves his people with an everlasting love in spite of their corruption.

The contents of the book may be analyzed further as follows :

Outline of the Book of Hosea

In Hosea 1-3, the faithless actions of Israel toward God are illustrated by the relationship between Hosea and his adultress wife, Gomer. The names of his children indicate the attitude of God toward Israel. The first is named "Jezreel" after the city which was the scene of Jehu's brutality and which signified that God would punish his people. Lo-Ruhamah (Not pitied) and Lo-Ammi (Not my people) are the names given to the two other children, signifying the estrangement which was the inevitable result of the actions of Israel. God's love is illustrated in Hosea's willingness to buy his wife back from the practice of harlotry - though she could not continue in her harlotry while he was with her.

The second division of the prophecy, found in Hosea 4-14, presents a detailed picture of the depths of depravity to which Israel had gone, with alternating passages of reproof, threats of punishment, and assurances of restoration.

The First Day. Light.

Hosea Resources

The Divided Kingdom
The Northern Kingdom of Israel
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
The Assyrian Captivity
The Babylonian Captivity
The Return From Babylon
The Prophets
The Messiah

The Book of Hosea

More About the Book of Hosea
Hosea in the Picture Study Bible
Chart of the Prophets of Israel and Judah
Timeline of the Ancient World
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