Hebrews 12:24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than [the blood] of Abel.
24. new--not the usual term (kaine) applied to the
which would mean new as different from, and superseding
the old; but Greek, "nea," "recent," "lately
established," having the "freshness of youth," as opposed to age. The
mention of Jesus, the Perfecter of our faith
and Himself perfected through sufferings and death, in His resurrection
(Heb 2:10; 5:9),
is naturally suggested by the mention of "the just made perfect"
at their resurrection (compare
Paul uses "Jesus," dwelling here on Him as the Person realized as our
loving friend, not merely in His official character as the
and to the blood of sprinkling--here enumerated as distinct from
"Jesus." BENGEL reasonably argues as follows: His
blood was entirely "poured out" of His body by the various ways in
which it was shed, His bloody sweat, the crown of thorns, the
scourging, the nails, and after death the spear, just as the blood was
entirely poured out and extravasated from the animal sacrifices of the
law. It was incorruptible
(1Pe 1:18, 19).
No Scripture states it was again put into the Lord's body. At His
ascension, as our great High Priest, He entered the heavenly holiest
place "BY His own blood" (not after
shedding His blood, nor with the blood in His body, but),
carrying it separately from his body (compare the type,
Heb 9:7, 12, 25; 13:11).
Paul does not say, by the efficacy of His blood, but, "by His own
not MATERIAL blood, but "the blood of Him who,
through the eternal Spirit, offered Himself without spot unto God"
the Son of God and the blood of the covenant wherewith he
(the professor) was sanctified, are mentioned separately. Also
Heb 13:12, 20;
with Heb 10:21.
So in the Lord's Supper
(1Co 10:16; 11:24-26),
the body and blood are separately represented. The blood
itself, therefore, continues still in heaven before God, the perpetual
ransom price of "the eternal covenant"
Once for all Christ sprinkled the blood peculiarly for us at His
But it is called "the blood of sprinkling," on account also of its
continued use in heaven, and in the consciences of the saints on earth
(Heb 9:14; 10:22;
This sprinkling is analogous to the sprinkled blood of the Passover.
"In the midst of the throne, a Lamb as it had been slain." His
glorified body does not require meat, nor the circulation of the blood.
His blood introduced into heaven took away the dragon's right to
accuse. Thus Rome's theory of concomitancy of the blood with the
body, the excuse for giving only the bread to the laity, falls to the
ground. The mention of "the blood of sprinkling" naturally follows the
mention of the "covenant," which could not be consecrated without
(Heb 9:18, 22).
speaketh better things than that of Abel--namely, than the
sprinkling (the best manuscripts read the article masculine,
which refers to "sprinkling," not to "blood," which last is neuter) of
blood by Abel in his sacrifice spake. This comparison between two
things of the same kind (namely, Christ's sacrifice, and Abel's
sacrifice) is more natural, than between two things different in kind
and in results (namely, Christ's sacrifice, and Abel's own blood
[ALFORD], which was not a sacrifice at all);
This accords with the whole tenor of the Epistle, and of this passage
which is to show the superiority of Christ's sacrifice and the new
covenant, to the Old Testament sacrifices (of which Abel's is the first
recorded; it, moreover, was testified to by God as acceptable to Him
above Cain's), compare
The word "better" implies superiority to something that is good: but
Abel's own blood was not at all good for the purpose for which Christ's
blood was efficacious; nay, it cried for vengeance. So ARCHBISHOP MAGEE, HAMMOND, and KNATCHBULL. BENGEL takes "the blood of Abel" as put for all
the blood shed on earth crying for vengeance, and greatly increasing
the other cries raised by sin in the world; counteracted by the blood
of Christ calmly speaking in heaven for us, and from heaven to us. I
prefer MAGEE'S view. Be this as it may, to deny
that Christ's atonement is truly a propitiation, overthrows Christ's
priesthood, makes the sacrifices of Moses' law an unmeaning mummery,
and represents Cain's sacrifice as good as that of Abel.
Questions Related to this Verse
Where in Scripture does it talk about The death of Abel?Where in Scripture does it mention God's plan of salvation through blood atonement?Where in Scripture does it talk about The blood of Jesus Christ?Where in Scripture does it mention Prophecies about the prosperity of Gods people?Where In Scripture does it talk about Jesus dying and giving Himself on the cross?Where in Scripture does it mention Prophecies about equality in the kingdom of Jesus?Where in Scripture does it reveal how the Messiah died?Where in Scripture does it mention Prophecies about equality in the Kingdom of Jesus?
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Hebrews Images and
The Book of Hebrews
Hebrews 1:1-3 - God, who at sundry times and in divers
manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he
hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the
worlds; Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express
image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his
power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the
right hand of the Majesty on high;
Hebrews 8:6 - But now hath he obtained a more excellent
ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better
covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Hebrews 11:1-3 - Now faith is the substance of things hoped
for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders
obtained a good report. Through faith we understand that the
worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are
seen were not made of things which do appear.
Hebrews in The New Testament - A Brief Overview
Painting of a Hebrew Scribe
Introduction to The
Book of Hebrews
Brief Summary. The Main theme of the book of Hebrews
can be found in the opening verses. Jesus Christ is clearly
greater than anything that the Old Covenant had produced. Jesus
great high priest, the eternal mediator between God and man who
never stops mediating, and is the perfect fulfillment of all
prophecies and types and shadows pointing to the Hebrew Messiah
within the Old Covenant. The book of Hebrews
unveils Christ as the One who is greater than each of the types
and shadows that were pointing to him in the Old Covenant.
Moses was the great lawgiver, but Christ was the perfect
fulfillment of the law. The high priest in the Old Testament
offered sacrifices each year, Jesus the eternal high Priest
offered himself once and for all. The promises contained in the
Old Covenant were for a season, but the New Testament is
built on better promises that are forever written on men's hearts.
Summary of The Book of Hebrews
Purpose. The main purpose of the epistle is to
establish Christianity as being superior to the Law. The writer
exalts the superiority of Christ to angels, to
Moses and Joshua, and to the Levitical high-priesthood. The book
of Hebrews also makes a contrast between the tabernacle and its
sacrifices and the sacrifice of Christ. The write strongly warns
the Hebrew Christian to remain faithful to the Christian
religion and its principles and to separate from Judaism, which
had served its purpose and which was about to lose their
rituals, sacrifices, and Temple.
Audience. The writer titles his epistle "To the Hebrews"
and every chapter and verse of the book is clearly designed to
instruct and encourage those who were Hebrew in blood and had
become followers of Jesus Christ. It appears that the Temple was
still standing at the time this epistle was written because it
is often alluded to.
Author. Unknown, evidence points to Paul. There has been
much controversy regarding the authorship of the book of
Hebrews. Some say that it was written by Barnabas, others say it
was Luke, or Apollos. The author of the book does not state his
name, but it is definitely Pauline in style. A greater number of
scholars have attributed this book to Paul than any other
author. The writer refers to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) and "they of Italy"
(Hebrews 13:24). It also appears that
the writer was imprisoned, from his request for prayers that he
might be restored to his readers. Paul was imprisoned several
times and this could refer to any of those. The
only absolute conclusion is that which Origen
expressed: "God only knows who wrote the Epistle to the
Date. The book of Hebrews was probably written shortly
after AD 60.
Place Written. It says in Hebrews 13:24 "They of Italy salute you"
and this phrase indicates
that the letter was written from Italy. It is probable that the
Epistle was written near his second Roman imprisonment, about
Outline of the Book of Hebrews
Christ Greater Than the Prophets and Angels - Chapters 1-2
Christ Greater Than Moses and Joshua - Chapters 3-4
Christ Greater Than the Aaronic Priesthood - Chapters 5-8
Christ's New Covenant Greater Than the Old - Chapters 8-10
Faith in Christ Greater Than the Law - Chapters 11-13
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus"
would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or
consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A).
Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means
"The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".
Hebrews Maps and Resources
Map of the Roman Empire (14 A.D.) - This map reveals the
Roman Empire during the time shortly after the birth of Jesus,
in 14 AD at the time of the death of Augustus. The order which
prevailed in this extensive empire, the good military roads, and
the use of Koine Greek as the general language of culture
throughout the area were among the factors which multiplied the
rapid spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (Color Map)
Map of Paul's First Missionary Journey (48 A.D.) - This map
reveals the areas in Asia Minor where Paul visited in his first
missionary journey. Around 48 AD, in the springtime, Paul and
his companions Barnabas and Mark were sent on a mission from the
church in Antioch. This would be the first of Paul's Missionary
Journey's. (Color Map)
Map of Paul's Second Missionary Journey (51 A.D.) - This map
reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his
second missionary journey. Paul re-visits a couple cities in
Asia, one of which was Lystra where he was stoned and left for
dead a few years earlier. He later has a vision that leads him
over to Greece and Paul and his companions travel and minister
in various cities in Greece (Philippi, Thessalonica, Berea,
Athens and Corinth. Later Paul returns to Ephesus and finally to
Caesarea and Antioch. (Color Map)
Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey (54 A.D.) - This map
reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his
third missionary journey. On Paul's third missionary journey he
returned to the cities he had first visited on his first
missionary journey. During this time he decided to remain in
Ephesus for about 3 years, and this city was the main focus of
his activities and an important Christian community (Acts 19).
Map of the New Testament World - This map reveals the
"Nations" within the ancient world during the first century
A.D., the time of the New Testament. The map includes the areas
of Israel, Asia, Greece, and Italy. (Color Map)
Map of New Testament Greece This map reveals the cities
within Greece in the ancient world during the first century
A.D.,The map includes the principal cities of Greece like:
Athens, Corinth, and Thessalonica, and provinces like Macedonia
and Achaia. (Color Map)
Map of New Testament Asia - This map shows the cities within
Asia Minor during the first century A.D., the time of the New
Testament. The map includes the principal cities of Asia
including Tarsus, Ephesus, and Colossae, and provinces like
Galatia and Pamphilia. (Color Map)