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Exodus 3:1 Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

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Exodus 3:2 >

      Ex 3:1-22. DIVINE APPEARANCE AND COMMISSION TO MOSES.

      1. Now Moses kept the flock--This employment he had entered on in furtherance of his matrimonial views (see on Ex 2:21), but it is probable he was continuing his service now on other terms like Jacob during the latter years of his stay with Laban (Ge 30:28).
      he led the flock to the backside of the desert--that is, on the west of the desert [GESENIUS], assuming Jethro's headquarters to have been at Dahab. The route by which Moses led his flock must have been west through the wide valley called by the Arabs, Wady-es-Zugherah [ROBINSON], which led into the interior of the wilderness.
      Mountain of God--so named either according to Hebrew idiom from its great height, as "great mountains," Hebrew, "mountains of God" (Ps 36:6); "goodly cedars," Hebrew, "cedars of God" (Ps 80:10); or some think from its being the old abode of "the glory"; or finally from its being the theater of transactions most memorable in the history of the true religion to Horeb--rather, "Horeb-ward."
      Horeb--that is, "dry," "desert," was the general name for the mountainous district in which Sinai is situated, and of which it is a part. (See on Ex 19:2). It was used to designate the region comprehending that immense range of lofty, desolate, and barren hills, at the base of which, however, there are not only many patches of verdure to be seen, but almost all the valleys, or wadys, as they are called, show a thin coating of vegetation, which, towards the south, becomes more luxuriant. The Arab shepherds seldom take their flocks to a greater distance than one day's journey from their camp. Moses must have gone at least two days' journey, and although he seems to have been only following his pastoral course, that region, from its numerous springs in the clefts of the rocks being the chief resort of the tribes during the summer heats, the Providence of God led him thither for an important purpose.

JFB.


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Exodus 3 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The LORD appears to Moses at the burning bush, Moses is called to deliver the Israelites from bondage, The LORD says his name is I AM and He is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, The LORD promises to smite the land of Egypt and to bring the Hebrews out with the wealth of Egypt.

Outline
1 Moses keeps Jethro's flock
2 God appears to him in a burning bush
9 The LORD sends Moses to deliver Israel
14 The Name of God
15 His message to Israel

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Ancient Customs
priest of Midian
take off thy shoes
holy ground
taskmasters
milk and honey
token
jewels of silver
jewels of gold
Egyptian raiment
VARIED PASTURE GROUNDS
SHOES REMOVED
SHOES TAKEN OFF
JEWELRY AT RELIGIOUS FEASTS

 

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Nile River
Map of the Nile River and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Topics
the angel of the LORD
the burning bush
I AM THAT I AM

Ancient People
Jethro
Moses
The Angel
Canaanites
Hittites
Amorites
Perizzites
Hivites
Jebusites
children of Israel
Pharaoh
elders of Israel

Geography
Egyptians
The back side of the desert
The mountain of God - Horeb
This Mountain
The Land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

The Old Testament

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Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings