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Exodus 1:11 So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict them with hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Raamses.

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Exodus 1:12 >

      11. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters--Having first obliged them, it is thought, to pay a ruinous rent and involved them in difficulties, that new government, in pursuance of its oppressive policy, degraded them to the condition of serfs--employing them exactly as the laboring people are in the present day (driven in companies or bands), in rearing the public works, with taskmasters, who anciently had sticks--now whips--to punish the indolent, or spur on the too languid. All public or royal buildings, in ancient Egypt, were built by captives; and on some of them was placed an inscription that no free citizen had been engaged in this servile employment.
      they built for Pharaoh treasure cities--These two store-places were in the land of Goshen; and being situated near a border liable to invasion, they were fortified cities (compare 2Ch 11:1-12:16). Pithom (Greek, Patumos), lay on the eastern Pelusiac branch of the Nile, about twelve Roman miles from Heliopolis; and Raamses, called by the Septuagint Heroopolis, lay between the same branch of the Nile and the Bitter Lakes. These two fortified cities were situated, therefore, in the same valley; and the fortifications, which Pharaoh commanded to be built around both, had probably the same common object, of obstructing the entrance into Egypt, which this valley furnished the enemy from Asia [HENGSTENBERG].

JFB.


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Exodus 1 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The children of Israel multiply abundantly, The Egyptians decide to make the Hebrews their slaves, Pharaoh orders the death of all Hebrew male children.

Outline
1 The children of Israel multiply after Joseph's death
8 The more they are oppressed by a new king, the more they multiply
15 The midwives fear God and sure the men children alive
22 Pharaoh commands the male children be cast into the river.

Relief of Ancient Egyptian Beating Slaves
Relief of Ancient Egyptian Beating Slaves

Ancient Customs
New king over Egypt
taskmasters
Pharaoh
treasure cities
serve with rigour
morter
brick
midwives
houses
the river

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Nile River
Map of the Nile River and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Topics
New king over Egypt

Ancient People
Joseph, Pharaoh, Shiprah, Puah
The Children of Israel
Hebrews
the Egyptians
Shiphrah
Puah

Geography
Pithom
Raamses

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

The Old Testament

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Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings