Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men which fear God: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

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Exodus 18 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: Jethro comes to Moses with Moses' wife Zipporah and his two sons, Jethro is amazed at the goodness of God, Jethro offers burnt offerings to the Lord, Jethro observes Moses sitting in the judgment seat and hearing all the cases of the people of Israel, Jethro encourages Moses to get more organized and train elders to hear the cases of the people, and to delegate his  authority on to lesser judges, Jethro departs to his own land.

1 Jethro brings to Moses his wife and two sons
7 Moses entertains him
13 Jethro's counsel to Moses is heeded
27 Jethro departs to his own land

Painting of Jethro Advising Moses
Painting of Jethro Advising Moses (Click to Enlarge)

Important Topics for Bible Study
Jethro comes to Moses with his wife and children
their names are Zipporah, Gershom, and Eliezer
Moses goes to meet his father-in-law Jethro
Moses does obeisance and kisses him
Moses explains all of God's providence and goodness to Jethro
Jethro is overwhelmed with joy and thanksgiving
Jethro acknowledges the great power of the Lord
Jethro Sacrifices and makes burnt offerings to the Lord
Moses goes to hear the cases and judge the people of Israel
Jethro does not like what he is observing about Moses
Moses explains himself to Jethro and Jethro offers him advice
Moses agrees and takes the advice of his father-in-law
Moses chooses : able men as judges
The judges carry the him him burden of most cases
The hardest cases are brought before Moses
Jethro departs to his own land him

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs

Ancient People
God, Moses, Aaron, Jethro, Zipporah, Gershom, Eliezer
the LORD

the wilderness
the mount of God
the land of Jethro

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The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament


Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings