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Easton's Bible Dictionary

 

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Adam
        red, a Babylonian word, the generic name for man, having the
        same meaning in the Hebrew and the Assyrian languages. It was
        the name given to the first man, whose creation, fall, and
        subsequent history and that of his descendants are detailed in
        the first book of Moses (Gen. 1:27-ch. 5). "God created man
        [Heb., Adam] in his own image, in the image of God created he
        him; male and female created he them."
        Adam was absolutely the first man whom God created. He was
        formed out of the dust of the earth (and hence his name), and
        God breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and gave him
        dominion over all the lower creatures (Gen. 1:26; 2:7). He was
        placed after his creation in the Garden of Eden, to cultivate
        it, and to enjoy its fruits under this one prohibition: "Of the
        tree of the knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not eat of it;
        for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."
        The first recorded act of Adam was his giving names to the
        beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, which God brought
        to him for this end. Thereafter the Lord caused a deep sleep to
        fall upon him, and while in an unconscious state took one of his
        ribs, and closed up his flesh again; and of this rib he made a
        woman, whom he presented to him when he awoke. Adam received her
        as his wife, and said, "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh
        of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken
        out of Man." He called her Eve, because she was the mother of
        all living.
        Being induced by the tempter in the form of a serpent to eat
        the forbidden fruit, Eve persuaded Adam, and he also did eat.
        Thus man fell, and brought upon himself and his posterity all
        the sad consequences of his transgression. The narrative of the
        Fall comprehends in it the great promise of a Deliverer (Gen.
        3:15), the "first gospel" message to man. They were expelled
        from Eden, and at the east of the garden God placed a flame,
        which turned every way, to prevent access to the tree of life
        (Gen. 3). How long they were in Paradise is matter of mere
        conjecture.
        Shortly after their expulsion Eve brought forth her
        first-born, and called him Cain. Although we have the names of
        only three of Adam's sons, viz., Cain, Abel, and Seth, yet it is
        obvious that he had several sons and daughters (Gen. 5:4). He
        died aged 930 years.
        Adam and Eve were the progenitors of the whole human race.
        Evidences of varied kinds are abundant in proving the unity of
        the human race. The investigations of science, altogether
        independent of historical evidence, lead to the conclusion that
        God "hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on
        all the face of the earth" (Acts 17:26. Comp. Rom. 5:12-12; 1
        Cor. 15:22-49).

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. M.A., D.D., "Biblical Meaning for 'Adam' Eastons Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Eastons; 1897.

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