Matthew 23:23 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.
23. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe
of mint and anise--rather, "dill," as in Margin.
and cummin--In Luke
it is "and rue, and all manner of herbs." They grounded this practice
which they interpreted rigidly. Our Lord purposely names the most
trifling products of the earth as examples of what they punctiliously
exacted the tenth of.
and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy,
and faith--In Luke
it is "judgment, mercy, and the love of God"--the expression being
probably varied by our Lord Himself on the two different occasions. In
both His reference is to
where the prophet makes all acceptable religion to consist of three
elements--"doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly with our
God"; which third element presupposes and comprehends both the "faith"
of Matthew and the "love" of Luke. See on
Mr 12:32, 33.
The same tendency to merge greater duties in less besets even the
children of God; but it is the characteristic of hypocrites.
these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone--There
is no need for one set of duties to jostle out another; but it is to be
carefully noted that of the greater duties our Lord says, "Ye ought
to have done" them, while of the lesser He merely says, "Ye ought
not to leave them undone."
Questions Related to this Verse
Where in Scripture does it talk about Spiritual blindness?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Hypocrisy?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Mercy?Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Mint?Where in Scripture does it mention God's warning toward false teachers?
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Matthew 23 Images and
In the foregoing chapter, we had our
Saviour's discourses with the scribes and Pharisees; here we
have his discourse concerning them, or rather against them. I.
He allows their office (v. 2, v. 3). II. He warns his disciples
not to imitate their hypocrisy and pride (v. 4-12). III. He
exhibits a charge against them for divers high crimes and
misdemeanors, corrupting the law, opposing the gospel, and
treacherous dealing both with God and man; and to each article
he prefixes a woe (v. 13-33). IV. He passes sentence upon
Jerusalem, and foretels the ruin of the city and temple,
especially for the sin of persecution (v. 34-39). MHC
Jesus reproves the scribes and Pharisees. (1-12)
Crimes of the Pharisees. (13-33)
The guilt of Jerusalem. (34-39)
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