Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online
Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

Genesis 4:15 So the LORD said to him, "Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold." And the LORD appointed a sign for Cain, lest anyone finding him should slay him.

< Genesis 4:14
Genesis 4:16 >

      15. whosoever slayeth Cain--By a special act of divine forbearance, the life of Cain was to be spared in the then small state of the human race.
      set a mark--not any visible mark or brand on his forehead, but some sign or token of assurance that his life would be preserved. This sign is thought by the best writers to have been a wild ferocity of aspect that rendered him an object of universal horror and avoidance.


Questions Related to this Verse

Where in Scripture does it mention the history of Abel, the Son of Adam?

Where in scripture does it mention the punishment for murder?

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Genesis 4 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: Eve gives birth to Cain and Abel, The bring their offerings to the LORD, Cain brought the work of his hands and was rejected, Abel brought a burnt offering and it was accepted, Cain slays Abel and is cursed by the LORD, who also sets a mark upon him to protect him, the children of men multiply upon the earth, Adam begets Seth, and Seth begats Enos.

Genesis Chapter 4

Genesis 4:4 - And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:

Cain and Abel present their Offerings (Genesis 4:1-5)
The Lord Speaks with Cain (Genesis 4:6-7)
Cain's Rebellion and Curse (Genesis 4:8-15)
The First Civilization (Genesis 4:16-24)
Seth and the Messianic Line (Genesis 4:25-26)

1 The Birth, Lives, And Religion Of Cain And Abel
8 The Murder Of Abel By Cain
11 The Curse Spoken To Cain.
17 Enoch The First City
19 Lamech And His Two Wives
25 The Birth Of Seth
26 The Birth Of Enos

Painting of Cain and Abel
Cain and Abel by Dore
Painting of Cain and Abel Offering their Sacrifices by Gustave Dore

Genesis 4:2-4: Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:


Sumerian Sacrifices

Sumerian Cylinder Seal Depicting Sacrifices

Sumerian Cylinder Seal Depicting Sacrificial Offerings from about 3000 BC.

Genesis 4:21: And his brother's name [was] Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.


Sumerian Musicians

Sumerian Musicians on Relief

Sumerian bas relief depicting musicians playing various instruments. The steatite relief was excavated at ancient Adab, a city of ancient Sumer. The bas relief dates back to around 3000 BC. There are two harp players, a drummer, a trumpet player, and a conducter with a leaf baton.

Genesis 4:21: And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain [was] Naamah.


Copper Weapons

Copper Mace Heads from Beersheba

Copper Mace Heads from Beersheba 3000 BC Period. Scholars refer to this time period as the Chalcolithic Age from the Greek words chalkos (copper) and lithos (stone) because copper and stone were used together. The ability to extract metals was an important technological advancement in the history of civilization.

Topics for Discussion

Adam and Eve
The Land of Nod
The Word Begat
The first City

Map of the Table of Nations

Quick Reference Map
Quick Reference Map of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Map of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament

The Old Testament

Genesis Resources

Adam and Eve
The Flood
The Tower of Babel
Abraham the First Hebrew
Isaac, Son of Promise
Jacob and the 12 Tribes
Joseph and Egypt