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Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, "Indeed, has God said, 'You shall not eat from any tree of the garden '?"

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Genesis 3:2 >

      Ge 3:1-5. THE TEMPTATION.

      1. the serpent--The fall of man was effected by the seductions of a serpent. That it was a real serpent is evident from the plain and artless style of the history and from the many allusions made to it in the New Testament. But the material serpent was the instrument or tool of a higher agent, Satan or the devil, to whom the sacred writers apply from this incident the reproachful name of "the dragon, that old serpent" [Re 20:2]. Though Moses makes no mention of this wicked spirit--giving only the history of the visible world--yet in the fuller discoveries of the Gospel, it is distinctly intimated that Satan was the author of the plot (Joh 8:44; 2Co 11:3; 1Jo 3:8; 1Ti 2:14; Re 20:2).
      more subtile--Serpents are proverbial for wisdom (Mt 10:16). But these reptiles were at first, probably, far superior in beauty as well as in sagacity to what they are in their present state.
      He said--There being in the pure bosoms of the first pair no principle of evil to work upon, a solicitation to sin could come only from "without," as in the analogous case of Jesus Christ (Mt 4:3); and as the tempter could not assume the human form, there being only Adam and Eve in the world, the agency of an inferior creature had to be employed. The dragon-serpent [BOCHART] seemed the fittest for the vile purpose; and the devil was allowed by Him who permitted the trial, to bring articulate sounds from its mouth.
      unto the woman--the object of attack, from his knowledge of her frailty, of her having been but a short time in the world, her limited experience of the animal tribes, and, above all, her being alone, unfortified by the presence and counsels of her husband. Though sinless and holy, she was a free agent, liable to be tempted and seduced.
      yea, hath God said?--Is it true that He has restricted you in using the fruits of this delightful place? This is not like one so good and kind. Surely there is some mistake. He insinuated a doubt as to her sense of the divine will and appeared as an angel of light (2Co 11:14), offering to lead her to the true interpretation. It was evidently from her regarding him as specially sent on that errand, that, instead of being startled by the reptile's speaking, she received him as a heavenly messenger.


Questions Related to this Verse

Where In Scripture Does It Talk About The Fall Of Man?

Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Infidelity?

Where in Scripture does it mention That satan appeared to eve in the form of Serpent?

Where in Scripture does it mention The subtlety of the Serpent?

Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Temptation?

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Genesis 3 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The serpent appears in the Garden of Eden and seduces Eve into partaking of the forbidden fruit. Adam who was with her also partook, and sin entered the world. God pronounced curses on the three of them. Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden, and the LORD placed Cherubim on the East side of the Garden of Eden with a flaming sword to guard the way to the tree of life.

Detailed Summary: The serpent comes and subtly speaks to the woman about they are allowed to eat. He then questions God and promises her that if she eats she will not die but she will be like God. She looked at the fruit and chose to eat. Adam who was with her also ate. They covered themselves with aprons made from sewn fig leaves. When they heard the LORD they hid themselves. God called Adam and questioned him, and he blamed the woman, and when God asked the woman she blamed the serpent. The LORD pronounced a curse on each of them beginning with the serpent. The serpent was cursed above all cattle, and be cast to the ground on his belly. Then the amazing prophecy of Satan's defeat through the death of Christ, he will bruise your head and you will bruise his heel. To the woman the LORD said that he would multiply her pain in childbirth and that the man would rule over her. To the man he said that the ground would be cursed with thorns and thistles and man would have to work by the sweat of his brow to eat bread. He concluded by saying that from dust you came and from dust you shall return. Adam named his wife Eve since she was the mother of all living, and the LORD made coat from an animal sacrifice to cover their nakedness. The LORD also cast them from the garden and placed the cherubim with a flaming sword that turned every way at the east end to guard the way to the tree of life.

Who is Mentioned: God, Satan, Adam, and Eve.

Key Concept: Sin and death enter the human race (Genesis 3:6)

Key Verse: Genesis 3:15 reveals that death will be conquered by the seed of the woman.

Map of The Supposed Location of the Garden of Eden
The Supposed Location of the Garden of Eden

Archaeology Note - Tree of Life Relief
8th Century BC bone handle carvingfrom the site of ancient Hazor,  depicting the tree of life, a date palm.
8th Century BC An ancient handle made of bone with carvings. It was from the site of ancient Hazor, depicting the tree of life, a date palm. [Archaeology Note]

Important Related Verses:
Study Bible Icon Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned
Study Bible Icon 1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
Study Bible Icon 1 Corinthians 15:20-23 But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
Study Bible Icon Luke 4:5-8 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Study Bible Icon John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Study Bible Icon Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Study Bible Icon Revelation 12:12 Therefore rejoice, [ye] heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.
Study Bible Icon Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

Interesting Notes:
Study Bible Icon The serpent (Hebrew nachash) means poisoner.
Study Bible Icon The serpent stood upright before the curse had cast him to his belly.
Study Bible Icon The Bible does not reveal what kind of fruit was forbidden.
Study Bible Icon Adam was with her when she was deceived.
Study Bible Icon Adam chose to sin bringing death unto all mankind
Study Bible Icon Adam as a type of Christ died for his bride
Study Bible Icon When Jesus was tempted the devil said all kingdoms (dominion) were handed to him and he could give them to whomever he chose. Adam handed the crown to Satan.
Study Bible Icon The LORD covered their nakedness with a blood sacrifice. Now only by the blood of an animal sacrifice can man approach the LORD in fellowship.
Study Bible Icon The LORD made coats from one skin, the Hebrew for skin is singular.
Study Bible Icon The LORD said Behold, the man is become as one of us, implying the trinity.
Study Bible Icon The Cherubim had four faces according to the vision of Ezekiel.

Quick Reference Map
Quick Reference Map of the Supposed Location of the Garden of Eden
Map of the Supposed Location of the Garden of Eden (Click to Enlarge)

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Chart showing the number of years from the creation of the world to the great flood (deluge).

Image of the Cherubim with 4 Faces
Image of the Cherubim with four faces: lion, eagle, ox, and man according to the vision of the prophet Ezekiel.


The First Day. Light.

Genesis Resources

Adam and Eve
The Flood
The Tower of Babel
Abraham the First Hebrew
Isaac, Son of Promise
Jacob and the 12 Tribes
Joseph and Egypt