Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online
Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

Exodus 22:1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

< Exodus 21:36
Exodus 22:2 >

      Ex 22:1-31. LAWS CONCERNING THEFT.

      1-4. If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep--The law respects the theft of cattle which constituted the chief part of their property. The penalty for the theft of a sheep which was slain or sold, was fourfold; for an ox fivefold, because of its greater utility in labor; but, should the stolen animal have been recovered alive, a double compensation was all that was required, because it was presumable he (the thief) was not a practised adept in dishonesty. A robber breaking into a house at midnight might, in self-defense, be slain with impunity; but if he was slain after sunrise, it would be considered murder, for it was not thought likely an assault would then be made upon the lives of the occupants. In every case where a thief could not make restitution, he was sold as a slave for the usual term.

JFB.


Questions Related to this Verse

Where in Scripture does it discuss Old Testament Laws about animals?

Where In Scripture Does It Talk About Stealing And Thieves?

Dynamically load content in Bootstrap Modal with AJAX

Select a Chapter

Exodus 22 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The laws of this chapter relate, I. To the eighth commandment, concerning theft (v. 1-4), trespass by cattle (v. 5), damage by fire (v. 6), trusts (v. 7-13), borrowing cattle (v. 14, v. 15), or money (v. 25-27). II. To the seventh commandment. Against fornication (v. 16, v. 17), bestiality (v. 19). III. To the first table, forbidding witchcraft (v. 18), idolatry (v. 20). Commanding to offer the firstfruits (v. 29, v. 30). IV. To the poor (v. 21-24). V. To the civil government (v. 28). VI. To the peculiarity of the Jewish nation (v. 31).

Outline
 

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Important Topics for Bible Study
 

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs
 

Ancient People
 

Geography
the wilderness
the mount of God
 

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament

pyramids.gif

Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings