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Exodus 14:2 "Tell the sons of Israel to turn back and camp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you shall camp in front of Baal-zephon, opposite it, by the sea.

< Exodus 14:1
Exodus 14:3 >

      2. Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp--The Israelites had now completed their three days' journey, and at Etham the decisive step would have to be taken whether they would celebrate their intended feast and return, or march onwards by the head of the Red Sea into the desert, with a view to a final departure. They were already on the borders of the desert, and a short march would have placed them beyond the reach of pursuit, as the chariots of Egypt could have made little progress over dry and yielding sand. But at Etham, instead of pursuing their journey eastward with the sea on their right, they were suddenly commanded to diverge to the south, keeping the gulf on their left; a route which not only detained them lingering on the confines of Egypt, but, in adopting it, they actually turned their backs on the land of which they had set out to obtain the possession. A movement so unexpected, and of which the ultimate design was carefully concealed, could not but excite the astonishment of all, even of Moses himself, although, from his implicit faith in the wisdom and power of his heavenly Guide, he obeyed. The object was to entice Pharaoh to pursue, in order that the moral effect, which the judgments on Egypt had produced in releasing God's people from bondage, might be still further extended over the nations by the awful events transacted at the Red Sea.
      Pi-hahiroth--the mouth of the defile, or pass--a description well suited to that of Bedea, which extended from the Nile and opens on the shore of the Red Sea.
      Migdol--a fortress or citadel.
      Baal-zephon--some marked site on the opposite or eastern coast.

JFB.


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Exodus 14 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The Israelites leave Egypt, the Israelites pass through the Red Sea on dry land, the Lord overthrows the Egyptian army in the midst of the sea.

Outline
1 God instructs the Israelites in their journey.
5 Pharaoh pursues after them
10 The Israelites murmur
13 Moses comforts them
15 God instructs Moses
19 The cloud removes behind the camp
21 The Israelites pass through the Red Sea
23 The Egyptians pursuing them are drowned.

Painting of Moses Dividing the Waters of the Red Sea
Painting of Moses Dividing the Waters of the Red Sea

Important Topics for Bible Study
Verse- Topic
1-2: the Lord commands the Israelites to encamp at Pihahiroth
3-4: God reveals why they were encamped there
5: Pharaoh grieves for leading the Israelites go from Egypt
8-9: Pharaoh pursues and overtakes the Israelites
10: the Israelites are filled with fear
11-12: the Israelites complain against Moses
13-14: Moses promises the Israelites that God will deliver them
15: Moses received encouragement from the Lord
16: the Israelites are encouraged to move forward
19-20: the pillar of cloud moves to defend the Israelites
21: Moses raises his staff and the sea divides
22: the Israelites walk across the Red Sea on dry ground
23: the Egyptians and their chariots pursue the Israelites into the sea
26: the Lord commands Moses to make the waters return
27-28: the waters return on the Egyptian army and they drown
29-30: every Israelite crossed to the other side safely
31: the Israelites feared the Lord and believed in him, and Moses
 

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs
Egyptian chariot
pillar of a cloud
pillar of fire
Egyptian captains
Pharaoh's horsemen
Pharaoh's army
Egyptians marched
no graves in Egypt
the Rod of Moses
the camp of the Egyptians
strong east wind
a wall unto them
the morning watch
chariot wheels

Ancient People
God, Moses, Pharaoh
the Angel of the LORD

Geography
Egypt
the way of the land of the Philistines
Pihahiroth
Migdol
the Red sea
Baalzephon
the wilderness

The Parting of the Red Sea in 3d
The Parting of the Red Sea in 3d

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament

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Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings