Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online

Smith's Bible Dictionary

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z   

        1. The eleventh in order of the twelve minor prophets. He is called in his prophecy the son of Berechiah and the grandson of Iddo, whereas in the book of Ezra, Ezr 5:1; 6:14 he is said to have been the son of Iddo. It is natural to suppose as the prophet himself mentions his father's name, whereas the book of Ezra mentions only Iddo, that Berechiah had died early, and that there was now no intervening link between the grandfather and the grandson. Zechariah, like Jeremiah and Ezekiel before him, was priest as well as prophet. He seems to have entered upon his office while yet young, Zec 2:4 and must have been born in Babylon whence he returned with the first caravan of exiles under Zerubbabel and Jeshua. It was in the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, that he first publicly discharged his office. In this he acted in concert with Haggai. Both prophets had the same great object before them; both directed all their energies to the building of the second temple. To their influence we find the rebuilding of the temple in a great measure ascribed. If the later Jewish accounts may be trusted, Zechariah, as well as Haggai, was a member of the Great Synagogue. The genuine writings of Zechariah help us but little in our estimate of his character. Some faint traces, however, we may observe in them, of his education in Babylon. He leans avowedly on the authority of the older prophets, and copies their expressions. Jeremiah especially seems to have been his favorite; and hence the Jewish saying that "the spirit of Jeremiah dwelt in Zechariah." But in what may be called the peculiarities of his prophecy, he approaches more nearly to Ezekiel and Daniel. Like them he delights in visions; like them he uses symbols and allegories rather than the bold figures and metaphors which lend so much force and beauty to the writings of the earlier prophets. Generally speaking, Zechariah's style is pure, and remarkably free from Chaldaisms.
        2. Son of Meshelemiah or Shelemiah a Korhite, and keeper of the north gate of the tabernacle of the congregation, 1Ch 9:21 (B.C. 1043.)
        3. One of the sons of Jehiel. 1Ch 9:37
        4. A Levite of the second order in the temple band as arranged by David, appointed to play "with psalteries on Alamoth." 1Ch 15:18,20 (B.C. 1043.)
        5. One of the princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. 2Ch 17:7 (B.C. 910.)
        6. Son of the high priest Jehoiada, in the reign of Joash king of Judah 2Ch 24:20 and therefore the king's cousin. After the death of Jehoiada, Zechariah probably succeeded to his office, and in attempting to check the reaction in favor of idolatry which immediately followed he fell a victim to a conspiracy formed against him by the king, and was stoned in the court of the temple. He is probably the same as the "Zacharias son of Barachias" who was slain between the temple and the altar. Mt 23:35 [ZACHARIAS, No. 2] (B.C. 838.)
        7. A Kohathite Levite in the reign of Josiah. 2Ch 34:12 (B.C. 628.)
        8. The leader of the sons of Pharosh who returned with Ezra. Ezr 8:3 (B.C. 450.)
        9. Son of Behai. Ezr 8:11
        10. One of the chiefs of the people whom Ezra summoned in council at the river Ahava. Ezr 8:16 He stood at Ezra's left hand when he expounded the law to the people. Ne 8:4 (B.C. 459.)
        11. One of the family of Elam who had married a foreign wife after the captivity. Ezr 10:26 (B.C.458.)
        12. Ancestor of Athaiah or Uthai. Ne 11:4
        13. A Shilonite, descendant of Perez. Ne 11:5
        14. A priest, son of Pashur. Ne 11:12
        15. The representative of the priestly family of Iddo in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua. Ne 12:16 (B.C. 536.) possibly the same as Zechariah the prophet, the son of Iddo.
        16. One of the priests, son of Jonathan, who blew with the trumpets at the dedication of the city wall by Ezra and Nehemiah. Ne 12:36,41 (B.C. 446.)
        17. A chief of the Reubenites at the time of the captivity by Tiglath-pileser. 1Ch 5:7 (B.C. 740.)
        18. One of the priests who accompanied the ark from the house of Obed-edom. 1Ch 15:24 (B.C. 1043.)
        19. Son of Isshiah or Jesiah, a Kohathite Levite descended from Uzziel. 1Ch 24:25 (B.C. 1043.)
        20. Fourth son of Hosah of the children of Merari. 1Ch 26:11
        21. A Manassite. 1Ch 27:21,22
        22. The father of Jahaziel. 2Ch 20:14
        23. One of the sons of Jehoshaphat. 2Ch 21:2
        24. A prophet in the reign of Uzziah who appears to have acted as the king's counsellor, but of whom nothing is known. 2Ch 26:5 (B.C. 807.)
        25. The father of Abijah or Abi, Hezekiah's mother. 2Ch 29:1
        26. One of the family of Asaph in the reign of Hezekiah. 2Ch 29:13 (B.C. 727.)
        27. One of the rulers of the temple in the reign of Josiah. 2Ch 35:8 (B.C. 628.)
        28. The son of Jeberechiah, who was taken by the prophet Isaiah as one of the "faithful witnesses to record," when he wrote concerning Maher-shalal-hash-baz. Isa 8:2 (B.C. 723.) He may have been the Levite of the same name who in the reign of Hezekiah assisted in the purification of the temple. 2Ch 29:13 Another conjecture is that he is the same as Zechariah the father of Abijah, the queen of Ahaz.

Bibliography Information
Smith, William, Dr "Meaning and Definition for 'zechariah' in Smiths Bible Dictionary". - Smith's; 1901.

Copyright Information
© Smith's Bible Dictionary

Smith's Bible Dictionary Home
Bible History Online Home


Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)
Online Bible (KJV)
Naves Topical Bible
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Schaff's Bible Dictionary
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary

Related Bible History

Popular and Trending:

Meaning and Definition of Pharaoh, Who Was the Pharaoh of the Exodus, Did God Harden Pharaoh's Heart, Which Pharaoh Reigned during the Time of Joseph and Moses, How Many Watches of the Night, What were the Jewish Watches of the Night, What Is the Meaning of the Fourth Watch, Midnight and the Cock Crowing, What Were Thorns and Thistles in the Bible, What were the Different Thorns and Thistles, How Many Different Plants And Trees Had Thorns In the Time of Jesus, Where Was Nineveh, Definition and Meaning of Nineveh, Who Were the Assyrians, Which the Syrian King Made Nineveh Their Capital, Which Palaces Were Nineveh, Did Archaeologists Discovered Nineveh, What is the meaning of Edom and Idumea, Where the Edomites Descendents of Esau, Was Herod and Edomite, When was Petra A City of Edom, Why Did the Edomites Fail When They Attacked Israel After Jerusalem Fell, Why did Noah send a Raven? Was The Biblical Raven A Crow, Why Are Raven's Black, What Was the Raven in the Mosaic Law, Do Raven's Attack the Eyes, What was a Crown of Thorns, Which Thorny Shrub or Plant Was the Crown of Thorns Made from, What Color Was the Crown of Thorns, in Matthew 27:29 Why did the Roman soldiers mock Jesus using a Crown of Thorns, What was a Gergesenes, Where Was Gadara And What Is the Modern Name, Where Was the Place That Jesus Healed the Two Demon Possessed Man, What Is the Meaning of Gadarenes, What Is a Demoniac, What were the 10 Plagues, What Does the Bible Say about Each of the 10 Plagues, Did God Use the 10 Plagues to Mock the Gods of Egypt, in Exodus 3-12 How Are the Plagues Described, Was the Passover Part of the 10th Plague, Where was Zoar, What Is the Biblical Meaning of okaythe Land of Zoar, Has Zoar Been Discovered, Where Was Zoar in Relation to Sodom and Gomorrah