The City of David
Painting of the City of David in the time of King David

The ancient Jebusites inhabited Jerusalem during the time of Saul the first king of Israel. When David became king he thought it would be a strategic move to conquer Jerusalem and make it his new capital, but this would not be an easy task.

The Jebusites referred to Jerusalem as Jebus and they considered their city to be virtually impregnable and so strongly fortified that they boasted that the "blind and the lame" could defend the city. The reason for this is because Jebus was located on the Hill of Ophel which was only approachable from the north side. There were very steep ravines around the west, south, and east sides and this made foreign invasion impossible. So David came up with a great plan, he brought some of his men through a secret tunnel that brought water into the city, and as they ascended out of the vertical shaft they easily conquered the "stronghold of Zion" and David renamed it "the city of David" (2 Samuel 5:7), and he made Jerusalem his new capital a few decades before 1000 BC. He built his palace there and called for the Ark of the Covenant to be brought out of hiding and carried in a grand procession to the Tabernacle on the Ophel Hill in Jerusalem. God would not allow David to build a temple even though David desired to, but his son Solomon would build it. Solomon chose for the location of the Temple the high north ridge called Mount Moriah where David purchased the threshing floor of Araunah (Ornan) the Jebusite realizing that it was also protected by the deep valleys, and it also had a nice platform for the Temple. It was already considered a holy place because the LORD had appeared and a great plague had stopped at the threshing floor (1 Chr 21), and it was believed that Abraham offered his only son at this place. After Solomon had built the Temple, Mount Moriah and all of Jerusalem was referred to as Mount Zion.

Ps 132:13-14 "For the LORD has chosen Zion; He has desired it for His dwelling place: "This is My resting place forever; Here I will dwell, for I have desired it."

Relevant Bible Verses The Bible mentions the Jebusites and "David":

2Samuel 5:4 - David was thirty years old when he became king, [and] he reigned forty years.

2Samuel 5:6 - Now the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, and they said to David, "You shall not come in here, but the blind and lame shall turn you away"; thinking, "David cannot enter here."

2Samuel 5:7 - Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion, that is the city of David.

2Samuel 5:8 - And David said on that day, "Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated by David's soul, through the water tunnel." Therefore they say, "The blind or the lame shall not come into the house."

2Samuel 5:9 - So David lived in the stronghold, and called it the city of David. And David built all around from the Millo and inward.

2Samuel 5:10 - And David became greater and greater, for the LORD God of hosts was with him.

The Bible also mentions Moriah:

Genesis 22:2 - And the LORD said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. 

2Chronicles 3:1 - Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where [the] [Lord] had appeared to his father David, at the place that David had prepared, on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.

 

 


 

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