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What is Commerce?
     In some form this must have existed from the time when men formed separate communities, and when the dwellers in cities became dependent upon farmers and foreign nations for food. We find notices of trade in this way in the time of Abraham, and particularly in the history of Joseph and of the Egyptian famine. But foreign trade was not much cultivated by the Jews. Indeed, they do not seem to have been in the least a sea-faring people, for the commercial enterprises of Solomon and of Jehoshaphat both ultimately failed. 1 Kgs 22:48-49. But we know that the Jews consumed foreign articles, Neh 13:16; Ezr 3:7, and also supplied foreign countries, as Phoenicia. 1 Kgs 5:11; Eze 27:17; Acts 12:20. Joppa, the modern Jaffa, the port of Jerusalem, carried on a busy trade. From it went vessels to various ports. Isa 2:16; Jon 1:3. The internal trade was largely increased by the festivals. The sale of animals for sacrifice and the exchanging of money were carried on even in the temple-enclosure, and led to our Lord's indignant rebuke. John 2:14; Matt 21:12.

Bibliography Information
Schaff, Philip, Dr. "Biblical Definition for 'commerce' in Schaffs Bible Dictionary". - Schaff's

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