The Assyrians had a policy of transferring conquered peoples and in 722 B.C.
when they conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel they deported many of the
original inhabitants of Samaria and the surrounding region and replaced them
with a mixture of people from the east. From Babylon, Avva, Hamath, Sepharvaim
and Cuth (the Samaritans are often referred to in rabbinic literature as Cuthim).
The re-populating was not done all at once. In settling the affairs of that
hostile region more than one band of colonists was brought in. Heathen colonists
were introduced by Sargon in 721 and again in 715 B.C. (2 Kings 17:24), by
Esarhaddon, 680 B.C. (Ezra 4:2), and finally by Osnapper, (Ashurbanipal), the
last great Assyrian emperor (669-626 B.C.), who added people from Elam, etc., to
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