Why Jews Exclude Samaritans
7 Why are Samaritans (kuthim) excluded from entering Israel?
The Samaritan Temple
--Because they were mixed up with the priests of the high places.
Rabbi Ishmael said:
"They were righteous proselytes in the beginning."
Why are they excluded?
--Because they marry illegitimate women but not a brother's widow.
When will they be accepted?
--When they deny Mount Gerazim and confess Jerusalem and the resurrection of the
dead. After this, he who robs a Samaritan is like one who robs an Israelite.
--- Babylonian Talmud (supplement), Kuthim 2.7
342 Now [in 333 BCE] all (Jews) to whom (Alexander the Great) presented himself,
received him with a friendly mind. At that time the Samaritans had their capital
at Shechem, which lies beside Mount Gerazim and is inhabited by apostates from
the Jewish people. When these saw that Alexander had so clearly honored the
Jews, they thought to claim that they were Jews. So, while he was still very
near Jerusalem, they presented themselves to the king with a splendid display...
343 And when Alexander encouraged them, the Shechemites came to him...calling
upon him to come to their city and honor their temple also. And he promised to
submit to their request when he came back again. But when they begged him to
forgive their tribute every seventh year, because they did not sow during it, he
asked who they were to ask these things. And when Alexander encouraged them, the
Shechemites came to him...calling upon him to come to their city and honor their
temple also. And he promised to submit to their request when he came back again.
But when they begged him to forgive their tribute every seventh year, because
they did not sow during it, he asked who they were to ask these things. And when
they said they were Hebrews...he again asked if they were Jews. And they said
that they were not.
346 Now when Alexander died, his realm was divided among his twelve generals.
And the [Samaritan] temple remained on Mount Gerazim. But if anyone was charged
by Jerusalemites with eating unclean things, or with violating the Sabbath or
some other such sin, he fled to the Shechemites, saying he had been unjustly
--- Josephus, Antiquities 11.342-346
74 Now [about 180 BCE] in Alexandria [Egypt] the Jews and the Samaritans -- who
worshipped on Mount Gerazim at the temple built under Alexander* -- happened to
quarrel with each other. And they debated about (their) temples before Ptolemy
(VI Philometer). The Jews said the one in Jerusalem was built according to laws
of Moses and the Samaritans, the one on Gerazim. And they called on the king in
session with his comrades to hear their arguments about this and to put the
losers to death...
77 Now the Jews who happened to be in Alexandria were in great anxiety... For
they took it hard that anyone might destroy (their shrine)....
79 [But] Andronicus persuaded the king to judge that the temple in Jerusalem had
been built according to laws of Moses and to execute (their Samaritan
--- Josephus, Antiquities 13.74, 77-79
Samaritans Desecrate Judean Temple
29 Now [about 9 CE] when Judea was administered by Coponius, who was sent out by
Quirinius [the Roman governor of Syria]...these things occurred: During the
celebration of the feast of Unleavened Bread, which we call Passover, in a
custom of the priests the gates of the temple [in Jerusalem] were opened after
30 And then, when their opening first occurred, Samaritan men coming into
Jerusalem in secret, began to scatter human bones in the porticoes and
throughout the temple. (So, the priests), who were not accustomed to such things
before, managed the temple with greater care.
--- Josephus, Antiquities 18.29-30
Murdered Galilean Avenged
232 Next [about 50 CE] came a conflict of Galileans and Samaritans. For at a
village called Gema, which lies in the great plain of Samaria, a certain
Galilean was murdered, one of many Jews going up to the feast [in Jerusalem].
233 Thus, many from Galilee gathered to make war on the Samaritans.
234 And when the unfortunate murder was announced in Jerusalem, the masses were
agitated. And, abandoning the feast, they set out to fight with the Samaritans.
They lacked a general and heeded none of the rulers, who held back.
235 A certain Eleazar ben Deinai and Alexander incited the bandits and partisans
among them to attack those [Samaritans south of Shechem] on the borders of the
toparchy Acrabatene. And they massacred them, sparing no one regardless of age,
and burned their villages.
236 But [the Roman procurator] Cumanus set out from Caesarea, taking one troop
of cavalry called the "Augustans". And he arrested many of those around Eleazar
and killed more.
237 But when the rest of the (Judean) masses rushed to fight the Samaritans, the
rulers of Jerusalem ran out, wearing sack-cloth and pouring ashes on their
heads. And they begged them to return and not to anger the Romans against
Jerusalem by revenge on the Samaritans. (They urged them) to have mercy on their
country and temple, their own children and wives, who all were at risk of being
destroyed, on account of revenge for one Galilean.
--- Josephus, Jewish War 2.232-237
Assyrians Occupy Samaria [722 BC]
5 Then [in 724 BCE] the king of Assyria invaded all the land [of Israel] and
came to Samaria, and for three years he besieged it.
6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria,and he
carried the Israelites away to Assyria...
24 And the king of Assyria brought
people from Babylon and Kuthah...and set them in the cities of Samaria instead
of the people of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its
25 At the beginning of their possession there they did not fear the LORD;
therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of them.
26 So the
king of Assyria was told:
"The nations which have deported and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know
the law of the god of the land..."
28 So one of the priests whom they had
carried away from Samaria came and he dwelt in Bethel and taught them how to
fear the LORD.
29 But every nation still made gods of its own and placed them in the shrines of
the high places which the Samaritans had made...
32 They also feared the LORD
and from among themselves they appointed all sorts of people as priests of the
high places, who sacrificed for them in the shrines of the high places.
33 So they feared the LORD but also served their own gods, after the manner of
the nations from which they were deported.
34 And to this day they do
according to the preceding manner.
--- Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings 17:5-6, 24-34
Celebration of God
1 Great is the chief Power who abides forever!
Let us put on fear [dahaltah = "worship"] of him before we speak of him!
secret is not hidden from him and everything is within his power.
He knows what was and what (is) now and what will take place.
He stands to
strengthen himself, he who is not in need of anything.
He learns all secrets without learning;
and he is not discovered, but he does
what he requires.
(There is) no king and no ruler who can withstand him.
YHWH, he (is) God and
there is none beside him!
Great is he who is not large and all greatness belongs to him!
He taught Moses
the secrets in the bush (Exod 3:2f),
which revealed his greatness and his glory!
And the angel first confronted him
and spoke with him
about what was and what will take place.
--- Marqah, Memar 1.1
Exaltation of Moses
9 And should we search for the Truth and learn Wisdom no apostasy will be found
in us; except any time we run to the guidance of the wicked.
Let's attend to the Truth and trust in YHWH, our Lord and our Maker;
in Moses, our Prophet and Redeemer!
Except for Moses the world would not have been created and none of these wonders
would have been revealed.
12 Lifted up is Moses, the great Prophet,
whom his Lord clothed with his name [cf. Exod 7:1]!
He dwelt in hidden things
and was surrounded with Light.
The Truth was revealed to him and he gave him the writing of his own hand.
gave him to drink from ten precious springs, seven above and three below.
Deity drew for him the waters of Life [mayah chayyah]
which watered his heart,
until it produced that which gives life.
Prophecy drew for him the waters of Life which purified his soul,
made every soul great.
Truth drew for him the waters of Life which made his spirit great,
was able to illumine.
And the four Names [of God]* drew for him the waters of life,
so that he might
be lifted up and glorified in every place.
--- Marqah, Memar 2.9, 12
- The four Names are:
Elah [God] (Exod 7:1);
Ekhyeh asher ekhyeh [I am who I am] (Exod 3:14),
Anaki [I am] (Exod 3:15), and
YHWH (Exod 6:3).
Waters of Life
1 In the depths of an abundant spring is the life of the world.
Let us rise with understanding to drink from its waters!
We thirst for the
waters of life.
There are great rivers here before us.
Blessed be God who brought into being
(all) kinds of creatures
for the sake of Adam.
Worthy is the form which is in the Image of God!
The form of the heart is not the form of the appearance!
--- Marqah, Memar 2.1
Well of Living Water
3 There is a Well of living water
dug by a Prophet whose like has not arisen since Adam
and the water which is
in it is from the mouth of God.
Let us eat from the fruit that is in this garden
and let us drink from the
waters that are in this well.
There is no need for us to see it in a place we cannot get to.
"It is not in
heaven" and it is not in crossing the sea (Deut 30:12-13).
"In the mouth and in the heart" it is done (Deut 30:14).
And woe to us! For we
do not do it; it is far from us.
We do not learn it though we came down from heaven!
It was given to us and we
believed in it.
It was with them; it was within the Light.
And the glory was around, for it
was the word of God.
His hand wrote and the Prophet received it with signs from on high.
came down and dwelt with him.
--- Marqah, Memar 6.3
The Prophet & the Restorer
7 Let us stand where we are and listen to the Truth,
for our Lord and Master is merciful to us...
Let us follow after the great
Prophet Moses, who leads us well,
for he was sent to us by our Lord.
Where is there a prophet life Moses?
He was a good father to all Israel, bringing them up and looking after them,
appeasing God with his fast and healing them with his prayer...
He was a good physician, healing and giving compensation...
His words are from
the words of his Lord:
Believe in him! You will be safe from all wrath;
on the day of vengeance you
will be at rest...
He who believes in him believes in his Lord!
Woe to us if we do not remember
Let us believe in YHWH and in Moses his servant!...
12 A Restorer [Taheb] will
come in peace;
he will rule the places of the perfect and reveal the Truth.
Heed and hear!
Stand in Truth! Clear your arguments!
"For YHWH will judge his people" (Deut 32:36a):
The "people" of YHWH is Jacob,
the branches and the chief root,
and the branches from fathers to sons;
from Noah, the root, even to the
Restorer, the branch...
The word of Truth will penetrate and illumine the world,
in which he will come
How great is the hour when one comes to hear the voice of God
throughout the world;
and all creatures shall be in order and bow their heads;
their hearts will
shiver and their eyes droop
and their limbs shake from fear on the day of Judgment.
And the mouth of Deity
-- "Now see that I, I am he [ani ani hu]!" (Deut 32:39a)
Those who rest and
know this will then be saved.
-- "See, I have taught you rules and judgments" (Deut 4:5).
-- "Only be on
your guard" (Deut 4:9)!
I, I (am) he who stands above creation and above Mount Sinai!
I, I (am) he who
is and there is none beside me!
I, I (am) he who is without time and without place!
I, I (am) he who who is
the life of the world [chayyei 'olam]!
I, I (am) he who suspended and split by my power!
I, I (am) he who planted the
Garden and uprooted Sodom!
I, I (am) he who uprooted and stripped away!
I, I (am) he to whom all belongs
and to whom (all) return!
I, I (am) he who puts all the living to death and makes all the dead live!
I (am) he who encircles my foes with vengeance!
And now it is good for us to rely on the Truth
and to tremble because of his
Perhaps we will find the way of prosperity!
--- Marqah, Memar 4.7, 12
3 Wisdom is a light burning in the heart;
and any heart that does not have Wisdom as its comrade is like the blind groping
in the dark.
For Wisdom is the Ladder [sollam] erected from the heart to
if the heart is guarded ot sees every wonder for what it is.
The heart of
Jacob was full of the Spirit of Wisdom [ruach hakamah].
There was revealed to him every good;
for the wisdom which was in it was the
Wisdom of Truth [qashat].
--- Marqah, Memar 6.3
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