Archaeology and the Bible
provides many proofs of the correctness of the biblical
representations of life in Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, Medo-Persia,
and so forth. A number of the rulers of these countries are
mentioned by name in Scripture, and none of them is
represented in a manner contradictory to what is known of
him in history. Shalmaneser IV is said to have besieged the
city of Samaria, but the king of Assyria, whom we know to
have been Sargon II, is said to have carried the people away
into Assyria (2 Kings 17:36). History shows that he reigned
from 722-705 B.C. He is mentioned by name only once in the
Bible (Isa. 20:1). Neither Belshazzar (Dan. 5:1-30) nor
Darius the Mede (Dan. 5:31-6:28) is any longer regarded as a
Archaeology likewise supplies many confirmations of the
Babylonian "Epic of Creation," while hardly a confirmation
of the Genesis account, shows, nevertheless, that the idea
of a special creation was widespread in early times. The
same can be said about the Babylonian legends of the fall.
More important is a tablet that has been found in Babylon
containing an account of the flood which ahs marked
similarities to the Biblical account. The so-called battle
of the kings (Gen. 14) can no longer be regarded with
suspicion, since the inscriptions in the Valley of the
Euphrates show that four kings mentioned in the Bible as
joining in this expedition are historical persons.
Tablets throw light on the action of Sarah and Rachel in
giving their handmaids to their husbands. The Egyptian
hieroglyphics indicate that writing was known more than a
thousand years before Abraham. Archaeology also confirms
that Israel lived in Egypt, that the people were in bondage
in that land, and that they finally left the country. The
Hittites, whose very existence was questioned, have been
shown to be a powerful people in Asia Minor and Palestine at
the very time indicated in the Bible. The Tel-Amarna tables
give evidence of the trustworthiness of the book of Judges.
As the science of archaeology progresses, no doubt more
information will come to light confirming the accuracy of
the biblical record."
Clarence Thiessen, "Lectures in Systematic Theology"
(Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1981) pp. 56-57