name occurs twice in the Bible. In Gen 22:2 Abraham was
commanded to go to the land of Moriah and offer his son as a
burnt offering. The only note of location in the text is
that the place was three days distance from Beersheba. The
other Biblical reference is 2 Chron 3:1, which names the
site of the building of Solomon's temple as Mount Moriah.
Christian tradition has related both references to the site
of the Dome of the Rock mosque, where there is a huge rock
17.7 by 15.5 m. (58 by 51 ft.), called the Sacred Rock. The
rock appears as though it may have been used for sacrifices
in ancient times. There are channels cut into it, and there
is a large room cut out of the rock beneath.
There is no archaeological evidence to date the use of the
rock for sacrifices, but there is little doubt that this was
the site of the temple and the threshing floor of Araunah,
which David purchased to make his offering to God."
Chapman, Contributor "The New International Dictionary
of Biblical Archaeology" (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan,
1983) p. 320