Paul's Third Missionary Journey (Clickable Map)

Paul's Third Missionary Journey. Paul's second missionary journey took about three years and the new faith was brought into a new continent, Europe. His missionary work led him to great cities like Philippi, Athens, and Corinth where the message of the Gospel was firmly planted (Acts 16-18). On Paul's third journey he revisited many of the areas which were previously evangelized and much of his time was spent in Ephesus, around 2 1/2 years. (Acts 19-21). Click on each of the numbers on the map above for information about the places Paul visited on his third journey.

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Paul's Third Missionary Journey

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Bibliography Resources

Augustus Caesar's World - By Foster, 347 Pages, Pub. 1947

Augustus: The Life of Rome's First Emperor - By Everitt, 432 Pages, Pub. 2007

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GLOSSARY - Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey

GLOSSARY - Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey

Antioch

When Paul was about to begin after quite a long time in Antioch, "all departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples" (Acts 18:23), and he also gave instructions regarding the collection on behalf of the poor saints in Jerusalem (1 Corinthians 16:1, 2).

  • Antioch of Syria was located on the east bank of the Orontes River, about 300 miles north of Jerusalem, and about 15 miles east of the Mediterranean Sea.

    Ephesus

    the city of Ephesus was one of the great cities of the Roman Empire along with Alexandria in Egypt, and Antioch in Syria. Ephesus was a port city and Paul made use of its strategic location and large presence of people. He sent letters to the churches by boat, as well as by land to guide the churches when he established on his previous mission. All stayed in Ephesus teaching the Bible, but he had adversaries there which he called, "beasts" and complained of the "daily pressure" which he felt from them.

  • At ancient Ephesus there are many ruins that help us to understand how strategically located and powerful the city was. the magnificent theater is still standing today, although the Mediterranean Sea has moved back from its original closeness.

    Troas

    the city of Troas was one of the great cities of the Roman Empire along with Alexandria in Egypt, and Antioch in Syria. Ephesus was a port city and Paul made use of its strategic location and large presence of people. He sent letters to the churches by boat, as well as by land to guide the churches when he established on his previous mission. All stayed in Ephesus teaching the Bible, but he had adversaries there which he called, "beasts" and complained of the "daily pressure" which he felt from them.

  • TROAS was a maritime city of Mysia in the north-west part of Asia Minor. It was situated on the coast of the Aegean, a short distance south of the site of ancient troy. It was a Macedonian and Roman colony of considerable importance, and was called Alexandria Troas. It is now in ruins and a forest of magnificent oaks has sprung up around it. It was visited several times by the Apostle Paul. It was here that he restored Eutychus to life. (Acts 16:8, 11; 20:5-6; 2 Cor. 2:12; 2 Tim. 4:13) - Ancient Geography

    Neapolis

    (new city), a place in Northern Greece where Paul first landed in Europe, and where he probably landed on his second visit. Acts 16:11; 20:1, and whence he embarked on his last journey to Jerusalem. Acts 20:6. It was on a rocky eminence, the most conspicuous object being a temple of Diana, which crowned the top of the hill. The great Roman road Via Egnatia, from Macedonia to Thrace, passed through Neapolis, which was 8 or 10 miles from Philippi. It is now a Turko-Grecian town of 5000 or 6000 population, and called Kavalla; it has numerous ruins. Another site has been proposed (Eski) for Neapolis, but the arguments for it are unsatisfactory. The Roman name of Shechem was also Neapolis, but it is not so named in Scripture. -P. Schaff

  • Now called Napoli, Acts 16.11, a maritime city of Macedonia, near the borders of Thrace, whither Paul came from the isle of Samothracia. From Neapolis he went to Philippi.

    Corinth

    Corinth was the main city of Greece during New Testament times. There was a great commercial center located on the Isthmus of Corinth. It was in Corinth that Paul ministers the most in his second missionary journey(Acts 18:1), and it was here in Corinth that he wrote first and second Thessalonians. The apostle Paul also wrote letters to the church from Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1, 23, and this is also mentioned in Acts 19:1; 2 Timothy 4:20

  • Corinth (ornament). Anciently Ephyra, the capital of Achaia, seated on the isthmus between the Ionian and Aegean seas, hence called " bimaris," on two seas. Western port Lechseum, eastern Cenchrea. Commercial situation unequalled. One of the most populous, wealthiest, most refined yet lewd cities of Greece or ancient times. Destroyed by Rome, b. c. 146. Restored by Caesar as a Roman colony. Paul preached there while following his trade, Acts 18:1. His epistles to the Romans and Thessalonians were written there. Corinth is now almost deserted.
    Paul's Epistles to the Corinthians. 1 Corinthians was written by Paul at Ephesus (i Cor. 16:8), in 57 AD, to the Christians of Corinth. The emphasis is Church organization, social practices, holy observances, and doctrinal affairs There is much necessary discussion concerning the state of morals within that learned and idolatrous city. 2 Corinthians was written a few months after 1 Corinthians from some place in Macedonia, possibly Philippi, at the suggestion of Titus, and for the purpose of answering various disputes involving Paul's right to teach and preach.

    Philippi

    Philippi was the principal city of Macedonia, located about twelve miles from the port of Neapolis, founded or actually rebuilt by Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. Philippi was a mining town, and it was on the line of travel from Rome to Asia, being visited by Paul, and was the scene of his first mission work in Europe. The church founded in Philippi was very devoted and seems to have been under special care by the devout Lydia, Acts 16.

  • Philippi was a city of proconsular Macedonia, within the limits of ancient Thrace (Acts 16:12). It had previously borne the names of Datus and Krenides, but having been taken from the Thracians by Philip, the father of Alexander the Great, and by him much enlarged and beautified, it was called Philippi after him. Here, B. c. 42, was fought that famous battle between Antony and Octavius on the one side and Brutus and Cassius on the other in which the latter were defeated and the Roman republic came to an end. Paul visited this city, and established in it a Christian church, to which he afterward directed one of his Epistles. Here Lydia, a trader from Thyatira, was converted (Acts 16 : 14), and here Paul, for dispossessing a poor girl of the "spirit of divination," was scourged and imprisoned. In the prison occurred one of the most cheering and interesting events in the history of the early Church. The jailer and his household accepted the gospel, and were publicly baptized into the faith of Christ. The magistrates of the city were compelled to make an apology to Paul and his companion Silas and to set them at liberty (Acts 16 : 16-40). Paul soon after visited Philippi again, and probably remained in the city and vicinity a considerable time (Acts 20 : 1-6). He received from the Philippian Christians many substantial kindnesses, which, when a prisoner in Rome, he gratefully remembers and touchingly commemorates (Phil. 4:10-20). Philippi is now in ruins and its site is without a name. T. Shepherd

    Assos

    Assos was a sea-port town of Proconsular Asia, in the district of Mysia, on the north shore of the Gulf of Adramyttium. Paul came hither on foot along the Roman road from Troas (Acts 20:13, 14), a distance of 20 miles. It was about 30 miles distant from Troas by sea. The island of Lesbos lay opposite it, about 7 miles distant. M. Easton

  • Assos was a Greek city of Mysia in "Asia," 19 miles south-east of Troas, and on the Mediterranean Sea. Extensive ruins of buildings, citadel, tombs, and a gateway still exist there. Paul visited it. Acts 20:13. P. Schaff

    Miletus

    A city of Ionia, in Bible times was on the coast, but now is 10 miles back from the sea. At Miletus Paul met with the Christian leaders of Ephesus, Acts 20:15-38, and later he visited it a second time, 2 Tim. 4:20.

  • A seaport town and the ancient capital of Ionia, about 36 miles south of Ephesus. On his voyage from Greece to Syria, Paul touched at this port, and delivered that noble and pathetic address to the elders ("presbyters," ver. 28) of Ephesus recorded in Acts 20:15-35. The site of Miletus is now some 10 miles from the coast. M. Easton

    Patara

    A city of Lycia on the southwest shore opposite the island of Rhodes, Acts 21:1-2.

  • A city on the SW shore of Lycia, near the left bank of the Xanthus and opposite Rhodes (Acts 21:1-2). Paul coming from Rhodes at the end of his third missionary journey here found a ship going to Phoenicia, and in it completed his voyage. The seat of a bishopric subsequently. The river and harbor are now becoming choked with sand. A.R. Fausset

    Tyre

    After boarding a ship at Patara Paul and his companions sailed for Phoenicia, passing Cyprus on the left side of the boat and they landed at the famous harbor of Tyre where the ship unloaded. They found some local Christians and stayed with them for a week. Suddenly the Holy Spirit gave a prophecy to them warning Paul not to go to Jerusalem. When the week ended they joined Paul to his ship and brought their wives and children with them. Paul and his companions said their farewells and prayed together on the beach.

  • In Old Testament times Tyre was the most famous Phoenician city, and the seat of its wealth and commerce. Tyre fell to the lot of Asher, but the Tribe of Asher never conquered them. Josh. 19:29. The wealth of Tyre was well known at Jerusalem, and both David and Solomon maintained a good relationship with its kings. Tyre endured long sieges by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser and the Grecian king Alexander the Great. Tyre surprisingly withstood the Assyrians for five years, Ezek. 26:12-21 ; Isa. 23:1. Jesus visited the region of Tyre where he healed the Syrophoenician woman's daughter. Paul and his companions came to Tyre near the end of his third missionary journey. The beautiful harbor that Paul and his companions sailed into is now filled with sand.

    Ptolemais

    Paul visited the Christians at Ptolemais on his return from his third missionary journey, between Tyre and Caesarea but stayed for only one day. (Acts 21:7).

  • Same as "Acco" in Jdg 1:31. Ptolemais was the most prominent town on the Phoenician seacoast in Maccabean times (1 Macc 5:15,55; 10:1,58,60; 12:48), and is once mentioned in the New Testament in Acts 21:7 as a seaport at which Paul landed for one day, visiting the "brethren" in the place. J. Orr

    Caesarea

    Paul and his companions came to the harbor at Caesarea and stayed at the home of Philip the Evangelist, a Christian who was mentioned in the Bible as one of the first seven deacons. He had four unmarried daughters who have the gift of prophecy. There was also a man named Agabus who also have the gift of prophecy, he had arrived from Judea and when he saw Paul he took Paul's belt and bound his hands and feet with it saying, "the Holy Spirit declares that the owner of this belt will be bound by the Jews in Jerusalem and turned over to the Romans." Everyone standing around begged Paul not to go to Jerusalem. But Paul said, "why are you all weeping? You break my heart, but I am not only willing to be jailed in Jerusalem, but also to die for the sake of the Lord Jesus." Those that heard him realize he could not be persuaded and said, "The will of the Lord be done."

  • THE CITY OF CAESAREA, or as it was frequently called Caesarea of Israel, was situated on the coast of the Mediterranean between Joppa and Tyre. The site was occupied originally by an ancient village called the Tower of Strato. Herod the Great built here a magnificent and Strongly fortified city, which he named Caesarea, in honor of Augustus. He formed a secure harbor by constructing a vast breakwater out into the sea. Caesarea was the capital of Judea during the reigns of Herod the Great and Agrippa I., and was the usual residence of the Roman Governor, when Judea became a mere province of the Empire. The inhabitants were principally Greeks. The city was the residence of Philip the Evangelist and Cornelius the centurion. Herod Agrippa died here by visitation of God. St. Paul was imprisoned here two years, and had his hearings here before Felix, Festus and Agrippa. The city is now in ruins. - Ancient Geography

    Jerusalem

    When Paul arrived in Jerusalem he was welcomed by the Christians there. On the second day Paul and his companions went to meet with James and the elders of the Jerusalem church. Paul told them of the great things that God had done among the Gentiles through his work. They all gave praise to the Lord and encouraged Paul to go to the Temple for purification rites, so he listened to them and when he arrived some Jews from Ephesus saw him and caused a riot. As they were beating Paul to death the Roman soldiers came to his aid and brought him to the Antonio Fortress.

  • When the Roman commander heard of the plans of the Jews to kill Paul, he ordered a large number of soldiers to protect him in the night and bring him out of the city to stand trial in Caesarea. (Acts 21-23).

    Illustration of the Temple in Jerusalem

    Notice the Antonio Fortress (soldiers barracks) connected to the Temple

    CaesareaPrison

    The Roman commander heard of the plot to murder Paul and ordered a large number of soldier to take Paul to Caesarea. When Paul arrived he was held in custody for 2 years. When the governor Porcius Festus arrived in Caesarea in 60 AD he received a request from the authorities in Jerusalem to send them Paul who was in prison there. He ordered Paul to be brought in and Paul said he had a right as a Roman citizen to be tried in Rome, and said, "I appeal to Caesar", and Festus said, "you have appealed to Caesar, to Caesar you shall go."

    Bronze Coin Minted by Porcius Festus in 59 AD mentioning Caesar Nero and the date on the reverse side

  • Porcius Festus succeeded Felix, a.d. 60, in the government of Judaea, and died in 62. Acts 24:27. Paul had a hearing before him on sundry charges, and Festus would have released him if Paul had not appealed to the emperor. Acts 26:32. Josephus gives him a good character as an efficient ruler, especially because he did his best to rid the country of robbers. P. Schaff

    Glossary

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    Paul's Third Missionary Journey

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