Statue of Pharaoh
Making an Offering
Statue of Pharaoh Making an
Offering to the Goddess Maat
This 13th century BC
silver statuette reveals the Egyptian Pharaoh making an offering to
the goddess Maat.
Amenhotep III (Amenophis) was the
Egyptian Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. He reigned from 1382 BC
through 1344 BC. He was most famous for his renowned building
projects, he directed many public temples, especially the great
Temple in Thebes. Ancient Egyptians experienced a period of peace
and prosperity under the rule of Amenhotep III. His father was
Tuthmosis IV, who is referred to as a mighty conqueror in ancient
Egypt, primarily because he won battles against Egypt's Syrian,
Nubian and Libyan neighbors. This opened the door for Amenhotep's
reign of peace. His son
(Amenhotep IV) was regarded in
Egyptian history as the heretic.
A voice says, "Cry out." And I said, "What shall I cry?"
"All men are like grass, and all their glory is like the flowers of
the field." Isa. 40:6
The large feather on the idol's head
symbolizes justice and truth,
by which every Egyptian who died had their heart weighed
against this feather in the scales of the underworld. If the
heart was too heavy because of sin, a monster devoured it.
The Bible mentions a
lot regarding Egypt:
- The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou
shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the
month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.
- His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his
sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into
- And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to
drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of
Assyria, to drink the waters of the river?
- So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land
of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain,
that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they
have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but
such as shall escape.
- And the LORD shall smite Egypt: he shall smite and
heal [it]: and they shall return [even] to the LORD, and he shall be
intreated of them, and shall heal them.
2 Kings 17:4
- And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had
sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no
present to the king of Assyria, as [he had done] year by year:
therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
- Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat
unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time
appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from
Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)
- And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt,
and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and
all [that] night; [and] when it was morning, the east wind brought
- And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt
all that [was] in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote
every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
- Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of
Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of
them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the
hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought
- And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when I
chose Israel, and lifted up mine hand unto the seed of the house of
Jacob, and made myself known unto them in the land of Egypt,
when I lifted up mine hand unto them, saying, I [am] the LORD your
- And say thou unto the people, Sanctify yourselves against to
morrow, and ye shall eat flesh: for ye have wept in the ears of the
LORD, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? for [it was] well with
us in Egypt: therefore the LORD will give you flesh,
and ye shall eat.
1 Kings 8:16
- Since the day that I brought forth my people Israel out of
Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to
build an house, that my name might be therein; but I chose David to
be over my people Israel.
- For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness,
till all the people [that were] men of war, which came out of
Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of
the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that he would not shew them the
land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us,
a land that floweth with milk and honey.
- And when he cometh, he shall smite the land of Egypt,
[and deliver] such [as are] for death to death; and such [as are]
for captivity to captivity; and such [as are] for the sword to the
- The land of Egypt [is] before thee; in the best of
the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of
Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest [any] men of activity
among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.
- And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the
midst of the countries [that are] desolate, and her cities among the
cities [that are] laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I
will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will
disperse them through the countries.
- It [is] a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing
them out from the land of Egypt: this [is] that night
of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their
- Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy
God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth
out of Egypt by night.
- But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people
to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply
horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall
henceforth return no more that way.
- And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount
Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into
- That the LORD sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which
said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought you up
from Egypt, and brought you forth out of the house of
- And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven
years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt;
that the land perish not through the famine.
- And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to
death; because he hath spoken to turn [you] away from the LORD your
God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and
redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the
way which the LORD thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou
put the evil away from the midst of thee.
- And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up
out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of
ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem
for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of
the children of Joseph.
- Now all the people that came out were circumcised: but all the
people [that were] born in the wilderness by the way as they came
forth out of Egypt, [them] they had not circumcised.
- And to his father he sent after this [manner]; ten asses laden
with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden
with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way.
- And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod,
and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in
beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land
- Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt
shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the
tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord
2 Chronicles 6:5
- Since the day that I brought forth my people out of the land of
Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to
build an house in, that my name might be there; neither chose I any
man to be a ruler over my people Israel:
A voice says, "Cry out." And I said, "What shall I
"All men are like grass, and all their glory is like the
flowers of the field." Isa. 40:6
Archaeology provides one of the many sober reminders that
we are not eternal. As we see history's graveyard, it's like
viewing the tombstone of an empire. "Here lies the once
proud Assyrian Empire who ruled many and feared none"
As you watch the video provided by a thoughtful soldier
in Iraq taking a moment to tour the ruins of Nineveh, the
once mighty capital of the Mesopotamian Fertile Crescent,
try to imagine life there and the surrounding countryside.
How many people saw the powerful Nineveh gates as a part of
their daily scenery? The gates were just always there, part
of the skyline, taken for granted, testifying to the King's
authority and glory.
What was it like for the rulers? They enjoyed that
eternal feeling that we all have while we are young and
strong. Living in grandeur and exercising power over a
kingdom of peoples they enjoyed all that life could provide.
King Sennacherib would have moved through these gates on
his way to confront the humble nation of Judah and King
Hezekiah who Sennacherib said he had trapped in Jerusalem
like a "caged bird". Little did he know that he alone would
be confronted by God Himself!
If he could have experienced a terrifying dream of a
Humvee with soldiers carrying M-16's driving upon the ruins
of his empire, contemplating the lessons of their fallen
empire, he might have gained that perspective that his life
was finite, his empire would one day fall, and his only hope
was in humbly seeking a relationship with the God of heaven.
The same lesson that each of us today has to learn. As
happened to every empire uncovered by the spade, will also
happen to each of us. All that is left in the end is our
relationship with God and what we have wrought for His
kingdom. The only thing we can take beyond the grave are the
others we have served by feeding them the Word of God.
I hated all the things I had toiled for under the sun,
because I must leave them to the one who comes after me. Ecc.
Return to Ancient Images
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Bibliography on Ancient Images
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised
by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008
Bible History Online
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