Four-Winged Deity from
Assyria Palace of Sargon II
Alabaster Relief from
the Palace of Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) Four-Winged Deity from
Assyria Palace at Khorsabad. These four-winged spirits were common
in Mesopotamian art. In this relief the deity stands receiving
sacrifices from two Assyrian worshippers approaching him.
This relief reveals a winged spirit
who was a protector of the ancient Assyrian kings. Religion was
close to the life of the Assyrians, and their gods were an integral
part of everyday life. Ashur was their chief deity and he was their
"king of the gods" and their father. Divination was also popular
among the ancient Assyrians, with the examination of animal entrails
(extispicy) and astrology.
The Louvre Excerpt
"At the end of the 8th century BC,
Sargon II, king of Assyria, built a vast palace of over ten hectares
in his new capital, Dur-SharrukÓn (now Khorsabad). Part of the rooms
and courtyards were covered with a rich sculpted decoration." - The
"Woe to Assyria, the rod of
My anger And the staff in whose hand is My indignation. I will send
him against an ungodly nation, And against the people of My wrath I
will give him charge, To seize the spoil, to take the prey, And to
tread them down like the mire of the streets. Yet he does not mean
so, Nor does his heart think so; But it is in his heart to destroy,
And cut off not a few nations. For he says, "Are not my princes
altogether kings? Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like
Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus? As my hand has found the
kingdoms of the idols, Whose carved images excelled those of
Jerusalem and Samaria, As I have done to Samaria and her idols,
Shall I not do also to Jerusalem and her idols?"' Therefore it shall
come to pass, when the Lord has performed all His work on Mount Zion
and on Jerusalem, that He will say, "I will punish the fruit of the
arrogant heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his haughty
looks." For he says: "By the strength of my hand I have done it, And
by my wisdom, for I am prudent; Also I have removed the boundaries
of the people, And have robbed their treasuries; So I have put down
the inhabitants like a valiant man."
Bible History Online - Sargon II Relief
Sargon II and a high official
The Destruction of Israel - Sargon II
Four-Winged Deity from Assyria Palace of Sargon II
Four-Winged Deity from Assyria Palace at Khorsabad
Archaeology of Ancient Assyria - Archaeological Discoveries
Bible History Online - Winged Bull - Two Sided
Assyria and Bible Prophecy - Timeline of Events
Tablet of Sargon's 8th campaign
Ancient History Timeline
The Destruction of Israel - Kings of Israel, Judah and Assyria
Archaeology of Ancient Assyria - Khorsabad
Timeline 800 - 700 BC
Bible History Links - Biblical Archaeology : Assyria
Bible History Links - Ancient Near East : Art & Images
Archaeology of Ancient Assyria - Calah
Ancient Babylonia - Nimrud
Archaeology of Ancient Assyria - Austen Henry Layard
Archaeology of Ancient Assyria - Ancient Assyria
the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Calah
Jeremiah 2:18 - And now what hast thou to do in the way of
Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the
way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river?
16:10 - And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet
Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that
[was] at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the
fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the
19:4 - It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of
Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath
sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which
the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the
remnant that are left.
- It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom
the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach
the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God
hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that is
2:36 - Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way?
thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of
Chronicles 32:9 - After this did Sennacherib king of
Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he [himself
laid siege] against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto
Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that [were] at Jerusalem,
Chronicles 30:6 - So the posts went with the letters from
the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and
according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye children of
Israel, turn again unto the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel,
and he will return to the remnant of you, that are escaped out of
the hand of the kings of Assyria.
16:7 - So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of
Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up,
and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the
hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
18:9 - And it came to pass in the fourth year of king
Hezekiah, which [was] the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of
Israel, [that] Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up
against Samaria, and besieged it.
18:17 - And the king of Assyria sent Tartan
and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a
great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to
Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the
conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's
17:26 - Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria,
saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the
cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land:
therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay
them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.
17:24 - And the king of Assyria brought [men]
from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and
from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead
of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in
the cities thereof.
20:6 - And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I
will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of
Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake,
and for my servant David's sake.
Chronicles 28:21 - For Ahaz took away a portion [out] of the
house of the LORD, and [out] of the house of the king, and of the
princes, and gave [it] unto the king of Assyria: but
he helped him not.
Zechariah 10:10 - I will bring them again also out of the
land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I
will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and [place]
shall not be found for them.
50:17 - Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven
[him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured
him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his
18:16 - At that time did Hezekiah cut off [the gold from]
the doors of the temple of the LORD, and [from] the pillars which
Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of
- Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of
Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if
thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
9:32 - Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and
the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the
trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, on our
kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and
on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings
of Assyria unto this day.
- And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the
sword, and the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof: thus shall
he deliver [us] from the Assyrian, when he cometh into
our land, and when he treadeth within our borders.
23:29 - In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up
against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates:
and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when
he had seen him.
27:13 - And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the
great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready
to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in
the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at
- And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish
to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by
the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field.
18:23 - Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord
the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two
thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon
18:28 - Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in
the Jews' language, and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great
king, the king of Assyria:
19:10 - Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah,
saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying,
Jerusalem shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of
36:13 - Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in
the Jews' language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king,
the king of Assyria.
15:19 - [And] Pul the king of Assyria came
against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver,
that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
16:8 - And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in
the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and
sent [it for] a present to the king of Assyria.
18:30 - Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD,
saying, The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be
delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.
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Bibliography on Ancient Images
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised
by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008
Bible History Online
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