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Leviticus 23:2 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
This chart reveals the Scriptures and procedures of the Feast of ancient Israel during the Old Testament era. The word "feast" comes from two Hebrew words that mean (Heb. Moaid) "divinely appointed times" and the other (Heb. Khag ) means "festival" from the verb which means "to dance". There were seven feasts that were observed annually in ancient Israel, and they were celebrated in this order: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles.
Below is a list of the Feasts and Festivals with Scriptures and procedures.
|List of the Feasts and Festivals with Scriptures and Procedures|
|Feasts and Festivals||Scriptures||Procedures|
|Feast of Passover
A memorial feast commemorating God's deliverance of the Hebrews from the bondage in Egypt.
Leviticus 23:5 -
In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] the
Numbers 28:16 - And in the fourteenth day of the first month [is] the passover of the LORD...
Deuteronomy 16:1 - Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night...
1. Lamb is slain and roasted
2. Lamb is eaten by family
3. Burnt and sin offerings
|Feast of Unleavened Bread
Eating unleavened bread was woven into the Passover Feast. Barley was the first harvest in the spring, the first portion was dedicated to God.
Exodus 23:15 -
Thou shalt keep the
feast of unleavened bread:
(thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the
time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt:
and none shall appear before me empty:)...
Leviticus 23:6 - And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread...
|1. Unleavened bread eaten for seven days
2. Barley sheaf waved on 2 days
3. Daily burnt offerings
4. On the 1st and 7th offerings were made, holy assembly
|Feast of First Fruits
(Heb. Yom Havikurim)
An offering of gratitude for the harvest, wheat was the latter harvest and the first portion was dedicated to God. There was no need for a sin offering.
Exodus 23:16 -
feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours,
which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which
is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out
of the field...
Leviticus 23:10 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:..
Numbers 29:26 - And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two rams, [and] fourteen lambs of the first year without spot:..
|1. Barley sheaf waved
2. Burnt, meal, and drink offerings
3. Nothing to be eaten before this dedication
|Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)
50 days after first fruits marked the end of the barley harvest and time to present the first fruits of the wheat harvest.
Exodus 34:22 -
And thou shalt observe the
feast of weeks,
of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the
Leviticus 23:15 - And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
Leviticus 23:16 - Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
Deuteronomy 16:9 - Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from [such time as] thou beginnest [to put] the sickle to the corn.
|1. Wheat loaves waved
2. Burnt, meal, drink, and sin offerings
3. People rested
|Feast of Trumpets
(Heb. Yom Tiruah)
Time of celebrating the new (civil) year. Israel would remember mt. Sinai and the giving of the law.
Leviticus 23:24 -
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the
first [day] of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a
memorial of blowing of trumpets,
an holy convocation.
Numbers 29:1 - And in the seventh month, on the first [day] of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.
|1. Trumpets sound
2. Work ceases
3. Burnt and meal offerings are made
|Feast of Atonement
(Heb. Yom Kippur)
Day of fasting while their sins are covered for another year. This is Israel's greatest day of the year.
Leviticus 16:3 -
Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a
sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering
Leviticus 23:27 - Also on the tenth day of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Numbers 29:7 - And ye shall have on the tenth [day] of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work [therein]:
|1. The people fast and do not work
2. Burnt and meal offerings
3. Goat and scapegoat are slain
4. Blood is sprinkled within the veil
|Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)
This feast remembers the wilderness wanderings. It also commemorates ingathering of fruits at the years end.
Exodus 23:16 -
And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou
hast sown in the field: and the
feast of ingathering,
[which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy
labours out of the field.
Leviticus 23:34 - Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month [shall be] the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
Numbers 29:12 - And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days:
|1. The people dwell in booths made of
branches for 7 days
2. Daily burnt and meal offerings
3. On the 8th day the people assemble
Leviticus 23:44 - And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.
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Bibliography Resources on the Old Testament
A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, Revised and Expanded by Archer, 508 Pages, Pub. 2007