The Exodus From the Land of Egypt
Exodus 15:1-2 -
I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his
rider hath he thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and he is
become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my
father's God, and I will exalt him.
Map of The Exodus (Old Testament)
The Israelites Passed Through the Red Sea. After the 10 plagues that were
brought upon the Egyptians, Pharaoh gave the order to let the Israelites go
free. It was through God's mighty miracles that the Hebrews were delivered from
Egyptian bondage, and the man Moses was the tool that God chose to work his
miracles. Moses brought the Israelites to the Red Sea, Moses raised his staff
and the walls of the sea stood up on both sides and the Israelites passed
through it on dry ground. The Bible reveals that they passed through the Red Sea
at a place called Baal-Zephon. This place has not been identified with
They Began their Journey. The Israelites began their journey through the
wilderness to the promised land, to take possession of the land of Canaan that
was promised to their father Abraham. After they crossed the Red Sea they camped
at a place called Marah, where the waters were bitter, and after they complained
God sweetened the water by a miracle. After that they camped at Elim where there
were 12 wells of water and 70 palm trees to encourage God's people, and
strengthen their faith. Then they came to Rephidim, and continued through the
wilderness of sin. They passed by Dophkah and Alush, and it was here in the
wilderness that God provided them Manna for food, turning the dew into
wafer-like bread. The manna continued until they reached the land of Canaan.
Later Moses provided water for the Israelites by smiting a rock in Horeb. After
this Moses was visited by his father-in-law Jethro, a priest from Midian, who
brought Moses' wife and children to him. When the Israelites came to Mount Sinai
they were terrified of God, who revealed himself on the mountain. During this
time God delivered the 10 Commandments to Moses, and spoke them to the
Israelites from the mountain. After these powerful events the Israelites came to
Taberah, Kibroth, and Hattavah. Soon after this Aaron and Miriam rebelled
against Moses. After this they journeyed through the wilderness of Paran to
Spying Out the Land of Canaan. From Kadesh-barnea the Israelites sent 12
spies, one from each of the 12 tribes, to look over and spy out the land of
Canaan. After seeing the land, 10 of them right back a very bad report because
they were afraid of the walled cities and the giants in the land. Only two of
them, Joshua and Caleb, brought back a good report and had courage to enter the
land. The Israelites after hearing the bad news were afraid, and wanted to
return to it Egypt. God was so displeased with their lack of faith that he
"decreed that all who were 20 years old and upwards, except Joshua and Caleb,
should die in the wilderness."
and the Nile River. The land of Egypt was blessed with the Nile River, and
everything near this river was fruitful. Egypt was truly called "the gift of the
Nile", and without this magnificent river everything around would be a desert.
In Egypt the desert is everywhere, but along both sides of the Nile River is
black mud which created lush farmland. The great mountains of Africa carry rich soil into Egypt via the
Nile River. Nearly every year the Nile River would overflow its banks, when the
snow on the mountains had melted. This would cause the soil near the banks of
the Nile to be very rich and fertile, and this is the reason why Egypt was
called "the gift of the Nile".
Geographical Facts. The Nile River is the longest river in the entire
world, flowing over 4000 miles from its origin down in Central Africa and
dumping into the Mediterranean Sea. In fact the river flows from south to north
which is very unusual for a river. The Nile River is between 2 miles and 30
miles wide depending on where you are along the river. If one were to park along
the bank of the river and walk on shore, there would be lush dark soil or "black
mud" for a
period of time, and suddenly it would become dry sandy desert colored red. In the ancient world
when people noticed this dark line running down the landscape, they describe it
as looking like a thread, and the Egyptians referred to it as "Redland Blackland."
The Egyptians built their homes in the desert a short distance away from the
rich dark black thread of soil. According to Genesis 10 the father of Egypt was
Noah's grandson Mizraim whose name comes from two words that means "red soil"
and "two Matzor or Egypts" which no doubt alludes to the red color of the desert
sand, and a prophecy of the dual nature of Upper and Lower Egypt. The modern
Arabic name for Egypt is Muzr.
The Nile Delta. At the northernmost portion of the Nile River, also
known as the mouth, there is the great Nile Delta. In fact this is the meaning
of the word Delta, when a river flows for a very long time the mouth begins to
form many channels. The word Delta is actually the fourth letter in the Greek
alphabet and looks like a triangle, with a point on one end and a fan on the
opposite end, and this fan provides the imagery of the mouth of a river. The
Delta never stops widening because of the new soil deposits.
Etymology of the word "Nile". The Greek word Nilus is not an Egyptian
word or meaning, nor is the Semitic word Nahar which means river. The ancient
Egyptians revealed the meaning in the hieroglyphic names of the river, in
reference to various gods and goddesses, for example Isis, and the natural
attributes of the Nile River attributed to her. Hapi means that "overspreads"
alluding to abundance, Nu means that is "lifted up". Uka speaks of what "gushes
forth". Akba Ura speaks of "great weeping", when the Nile overflows its banks.
The ancient Egyptians also spoke of the river as a divine serpent.
Genesis 12:9-10 -
"And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south. And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land."
Smith's (Nile), and
Table of Nations in Gen 10
Map of the Journeys of Abraham and
Map of Egypt in Biblical Times - Bible History Online
[Maps are free to use for personal, classroom, or church