The Book of Numbers
Numbers 14:14 -
And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard
that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face,
and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by
day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night.
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
Bible Survery - Numbers
Summary of The Book of Numbers
Hebrew Name - Bemidhbar "in the wilderness"
Greek Name - Numbers "numberings"
Author - Moses
Date - From 1490-1451 BC Approximately
Theme - The Journey to the Promised Land
Types and Shadows - In Numbers Jesus is the Pillar of Cloud by Day and the
Pillar of Fire by Night
of Numbers. � �1-4 � �The numbering of the Israelites, the organizing of the
Israelites into tribes and companies, the offices of the Levites while serving
in the Tabernacle. � � 5-10 � � The establishing of various civil and ceremonial
laws. � � 11-21 � � The murmuring of the Israelites in the wilderness on their
way to Mount Sinai. � � 22-36 � � The encampment of the Israelites on the plains
The book of Numbers takes
its name from the account of the census that happened two times among the congregation of Israel in
Numbers 1-4 and Numbers 26. The Greek title was used even though there is really no connection with
"numberings." The original Hebrew title which means "in the wilderness," is
much more accurate, because the book of Numbers is it's really an accurate history of the events
that happened during the
period of wandering in the wilderness and not necessarily a book about statistics.
The book of Numbers seems to follow
naturally after the book of Leviticus in the order of the books of Moses in the
Old Testament. After
the children of Israel received the laws at Mount Sinai, they began the journey
as described in the book of Exodus, and they were ready to march directly into
the land of Canaan. The book of Numbers reveals how the children of Israel
became prepared, and went to various trials, and how they were sinful in not
trusting the Lord. Their sinful ways resulted in 37 years of wandering through the
harsh wilderness. The book of Numbers concludes with the children of Israel once again at the edge of
the land of Canaan, where they received instructions
for the conquest of Canaan and the division of the land.
The main divisions in the book of Numbers are as follows:
Outline of the Book of Numbers
1) The preparation for the departure from Sinai (1:1-10:10). The events
described here took place in nineteen days. In this time a census was taken of
all men who were over twenty and who could serve in military efforts (1-4). The
total obtained was 603,550 (1:46). This would indicate that the total population
of the group was probably near three million. The census was followed by the
cleansing and blessing of the congregation (5-6), the offering of gifts from the
various tribes (7), the consecration of the Levites (8) and the observance of
the Passover at Sinai (9:1-14).
2 ) The journey from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (10:11-14:45). This section
includes the account of the coming of the quail (11), the rebellion against
Moses by Miriam and Aaron (12), and the fateful mission of the spies (13, 14).
3) The wanderings of the desert wilderness (15-19). As noted above, this
covered a period of thirty-seven years, from the end of the second to the
beginning of the fortieth year in the wilderness. Ch. 15 includes various laws
and a record of capital punishment for Sabbath breaking. The rebellion of Korah
(ch. 16) and the budding of Aaron's rod (ch. 17) are also mentioned here.
4 ) The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites
at Kadesh till they reach "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho"
(20-36: 13). Notable sections of this are the story of Balaam (22:2-24:25), the
zeal of Phinehas (ch. 25), the second census (26:1-51) , instructions for
dividing the land (26:52-27: 11), the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor
(27: 12-23), various laws concerning offerings and vows ( 28-30 ), the war with
Midian (ch. 31), the settlement of the tribes east of the Jordan (ch. 32), a
review of the locations at which Israel had camped during their wanderings (33:
1-49), more instructions concerning the conquest and division of Canaan
(33:50-34:29 ), the appointment of the cities of refuge (ch. 35) and
instructions concerning the marriage of land-owning Israelite women (ch. 36).
More About the Book of Numbers
Numbers in the
Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient
Back to the Old Testament
Back to Bible
The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament
� Bible History Online (/)