The Book of Exodus
Exodus 20:2 - I [am]
the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the
house of bondage.
Exodus 20:3 - Thou
shalt have no other gods before me.
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
Bible Survery - Exodus
Summary of The Book of Exodus
Hebrew Name - V'elleh Shemoth "these are the names"
Greek Name - Exodus "departure"
Author - Moses
Date - From 1635 to 1490 BC Approximately
Theme - God's Covenant with the Hebrew Nation
Types and Shadows - In Exodus Jesus is the Lamb of God
of Exodus. 1 The slavery and oppression of the Hebrews in Egypt.
2-3 The birth of Moses and his education in ancient Egypt, The life and
calling of Moses to be the Hebrew deliverer of Israel. 4-11 Moses and
Aaron approached the Pharaoh of Egypt, the hardening of Pharaoh's heart, the
plagues of Egypt. 12-13 The First Passover, The Exodus of the Israelites
from Egypt. 14-15 The miracle of the parting of the Red Sea, The
destruction of the Egyptian army. 16-18 The journey to Mount Sinai, the
manna, the Sabbath, water from the rock, Jethro. 19-31 The giving of the
law from God to Moses on Mount Sinai. 32-33 The sin of the golden calf,
the consequences of idolatry. 34-40 The unbroken tables of the law
written on stone, the building of the tabernacle.
Quick Summary of Exodus. The second book of
Moses, also known as the second book of the Pentateuch is called "Exodus"
because of all the events that take place in the first half of the book. The the
clear focus is the departure of
the children of Israel from Egypt. The word, "exodus" is derived from a Greek
word meaning "going out." Hundreds of years elapsed between the time of the
events described in the closing chapters of Genesis and those of the beginning
of Exodus. The exact number of years between the migration of Jacob into Egypt
until the exodus is given as 430 (Exodus 12:40-41). At the end of the book of Genesis
the Hebrews were
living in the fertile land of Goshen and was being fed from the granaries of the
Pharaoh of Egypt. In the beginning of the book of Exodus the Hebrews are seen as
slaves of the Egyptians, a nation without a country or a national unawareness of
their calling from God. Exodus shows the
development of Israel and the birth of a real nation, and the promises of God to
Abraham begin to unfold.
After verse seven in the first chapter of the book of Exodus Israel is
noticed by the Egyptians as being great in number and prosperous. In view of
this the book of Exodus seems to fall into seven
Outline of the Book of Exodus
1) The sufferings of Israel (1:8-7:7). This section includes the birth,
education and flight of Moses; his call to be deliverer of his people and his
consequent return from Midian to Egypt; and his first ineffectual attempts to
prevail upon Pharaoh to let the Israelites go, which resulted only in an
increase in their burdens.
2) A manifestation of God's providential guidance of Israel, illustrated by
the ten plagues (7:8-13:16). This section also includes the account of the
observance of the first Passover (ch. 12).
3) The guiding of the people of Sinai (13:17-18:27), which tells of the
departure and the miraculous crossing of the Red Sea. This section also contains
a narrative of the principal events on the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai,
including the coming of the manna, the observance of the Sabbath, the supply of
water from the rock at Rephidim and the advice of Jethro concerning the civil
government of the great mass of people.
4) The making of the covenant at Sinai, together with the reception of the
Ten Commandments (19:1-24:18). The laws recorded in this section regulated the
religious, civil, and social life of the Israelites.
5) Directions for the building of the tabernacle (24:18-31:18).
6) The renewing of the covenant after the sinful actions of the Israelites in
connection with the making of the golden calf (32:1-35:3).
7) The actual building and dedication of the tabernacle of the Lord
(35:4-40:38), under the supervision of the two master craftsmen, Bezalel and
Exodus is a book of redemption in which God delivers His people out of
bondage and brings them into a special relationship with Himself.
More About the Book of Exodus
Exodus in the Picture
Timeline of the Ancient
Back to the Old Testament
Back to Bible
The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament
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