The Book of Esther
Esther 1:16-18 - And
Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done
wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that
[are] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. For [this] deed of the queen
shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in
their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the
queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. [Likewise] shall the ladies
of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard
of the deed of the queen. Thus [shall there arise] too much contempt and wrath.
Esther 6:12-14 - And
Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning,
and having his head covered. And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends
every [thing] that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife
unto him, If Mordecai [be] of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun
to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him.
And while they [were] yet talking with him, came the king's chamberlains, and
hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared.
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
Bible Survey - Esther
Summary of The Book of Esther
Hebrew Name -
Greek Name -
(after the Persian word for star)
Author - Mordecai (According to Jewish tradition)
Date - From 521-495 BC Approximately
Theme of Esther - The Jews in Captivity were saved from annihilation by a Jewish
Types and Shadows - In Esther Jesus is the savior of his people
of Esther. � �1-2 � �The exaltation of a female Jewish captive named Esther
to the throne of Persia, Esther's uncle Mordecai overhears a plot against the
king's life � � 3 � � Haman is promoted to Prime Minister in Persia, Haman's
hatred of Mordecai, Haman's plan to destroy the Jews. � � 4-10 � � Haman's plans
are foiled, Mordecai is exalted, the institution of the feast of Purim to
commemorate God's great deliverance of the Jews from annihilation.
The book of Esther was written during a time when the Persian Empire ruled
the world and Ahasuerus (probably Xerxes I) was the king of Persia. The events
in the book of Esther probably took place around 521-495 BC. This was during a
time just before the wall of Jerusalem was rebuilt. The book of Esther clearly
demonstrates God's love for his people even when they are in a foreign land far
away from the land of their inheritance. One interesting point is that the name
of God is never mentioned in the book of Esther, nor is there any mention of any
kind of worship. The reason for this is uncertain but most likely it would have
been forbidden to mention the name of the God of Israel. For whatever reason
this is, there are clear intimations of God especially when you hear the words
of Mordecai "who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time
as this" (Esther 4:14). In the book of Esther we discover the origin of the
Jewish feast of Purim, as well as some very important historical information
concerning the Jews while they were in captivity, as well as their deliverance
from total annihilation while in the land of Persia. The Septuagint version of
the Hebrew text contains 107 extra verses (see
The Rest of
Esther) that nearly all scholars agree were written later than the Hebrew
canon based on internal and external evidence.
The contents of the book of Esther may be summarized as follows:
Outline of the Book of Esther
1 ) The deposition of Queen Vashti, the wife of the Persian ruler Ahasuerus,
for her refusal to appear before the guests of the king (Esther 1). It has
often been suggested that the Queen refused on grounds of modesty, but the
tradition which has arisen around her suggests that her refusal is just as
likely to have been the result of simple spitefulness. In order to keep such an
attitude from becoming general, thus upsetting the domestic balance, Ahasuerus
removed her from the throne and from his presence.
2 ) The choice of Esther as Queen, after an involved process of elimination
3 ) Mordecai discovers a plot against the life of the king (Esther 2:21-23).
4) Haman's plot to destroy the Jews (Esther 3-4). Because of the refusal of
Mordecai to pay homage to Haman, a man "above all the princes" in the Persian
government, the latter influenced the King to issue a decree calling for the
extermination of the Jews. Mordecai persuaded Esther to intervene, at the risk
of her life, on the Jews' behalf.
5 ) Esther's successful petition (Esther 5-8:2 ) . Finding favor with Ahasuerus,
Esther revealed the heinous plot of Haman. The result was that Haman was hanged
and Mordecai received his long-deserved honor for having saved the king's life.
6 ) The deliverance of the Jews (Esther 8:3-9:16). Although the decree of the
King concerning the Jews could not be rescinded, it was counteracted by the
issuing of another decree which allowed the Jews to defend themselves.
7 ) The Feast of Purim (Esther 9:17-32). To celebrate their deliverance, the Jews
instituted the feast of Purim. This feast is still observed and is a time of
great joy among Jews.
8 ) A description of Mordecai's greatness (Esther 10).
More About the Book of
Esther in the Picture
Timeline of the Ancient
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The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament
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