Map of New Testament Cities
International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia - Italy
(it'-a-li) (Italia): At first confined as a name to the extreme southern part
of the Italian peninsula in the region now called Calabria, whence its
application was gradually extended. In Greek usage of the 5 th century BC, the name was
applied to the coasts as far as Metapontum and Posidonia, being synonymous
with Oenotria. The Oenotrians are represented as having assumed the name of
Italians (Itali) from a legendary ruler Italus (Dionysius, i.12,35; Vergil, Aen.
i.533). The extension of Roman authority seems to have given this name an
ever-widening application, since it was used to designate their allies generally. As
early as the time of Polybius the name Italy was sometimes employed as an
appellation for all the country between the two seas (Tyrrhenian and Adriatic) and from
the foot of the Alps to the Sicilian Straits (Polyb. i.6; ii.14; iii.39,54),
although Cisalpine Gaul was not placed on a footing of complete equality with
the peninsula as regards administration until shortly after the death of Julius
Caesar. From the time of Augustus the term was used in practically its modern
sense (Nissen, Italische Landeskunde, I, 57-87).
The name Italy occurs 3 times in the New Testament: Acts 18:2, Aquila "lately
come from Italy," because of the expulsion of the Jews from Rome under
Claudius; Acts 27:1, the decision that Paul be sent to Italy; Heb 13:24, salutation
from those "of Italy." The adjective form is found in the appellation, "Italian
band" (cobors Italica, Acts 10:1).
The history of ancient Italy, in so far as it falls within the scope of the
present work, is treated under ROME (which see).
GEORGE H. ALLEN
(from International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia)
Cities of the New Testament
Bible History Online
The Story of the Bible
© Bible History Online (/)
Table of Contents
Caesarea Philippi Paneas