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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia - Italy

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ITALY

(it'-a-li) (Italia): At first confined as a name to the extreme southern part of the Italian peninsula in the region now called Calabria, whence its application was gradually extended. In Greek usage of the 5 th century BC, the name was applied to the coasts as far as Metapontum and Posidonia, being synonymous with Oenotria. The Oenotrians are represented as having assumed the name of Italians (Itali) from a legendary ruler Italus (Dionysius, i.12,35; Vergil, Aen. i.533). The extension of Roman authority seems to have given this name an ever-widening application, since it was used to designate their allies generally. As early as the time of Polybius the name Italy was sometimes employed as an appellation for all the country between the two seas (Tyrrhenian and Adriatic) and from the foot of the Alps to the Sicilian Straits (Polyb. i.6; ii.14; iii.39,54), although Cisalpine Gaul was not placed on a footing of complete equality with the peninsula as regards administration until shortly after the death of Julius Caesar. From the time of Augustus the term was used in practically its modern sense (Nissen, Italische Landeskunde, I, 57-87).

The name Italy occurs 3 times in the New Testament: Acts 18:2, Aquila "lately come from Italy," because of the expulsion of the Jews from Rome under Claudius; Acts 27:1, the decision that Paul be sent to Italy; Heb 13:24, salutation from those "of Italy." The adjective form is found in the appellation, "Italian band" (cobors Italica, Acts 10:1).

The history of ancient Italy, in so far as it falls within the scope of the present work, is treated under ROME (which see).

GEORGE H. ALLEN

(from International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia)

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Table of Contents

Italy
Rome
Three Taverns
Appius Forum
Puteoli
Neapolis
Buxentum
Croton
Rhegium
Messana
Syracuse

Greece
Neapolis
Philippi
Amphipolis
Apollonia
Thessalonica
Berea
Mount Olympus
Athens
Cenchreae
Corinth
Nicopolis
Apollonia

Asia Minor
Seleucia
Antioch
Tarsus
Salamis
Paphos
Selinus
Derbe
Lystra
Iconium
Antioch
Perga
Attalia
Colossae
Hierapolis
Laodicea
Philadelphia
Sardes
Ephesus
Miletus
Smyrna
Pergamum
Rhodes

Israel
Bethlehem
Bethphage
Bethsaida Julias
Caesarea Philippi Paneas
Cana
Capernaum
Chorazin
Decapolis
Gennesaret
Jericho
Jerusalem
Nain
Nazareth
Sidon
Sychar
Tyre
 

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