Map of New Testament Israel

Matthew 2:20 - Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel for they are dead which sought the young child's life. 
 

The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Map of Israel During the New Testament

Map of New Testament Israel

During the time of Jesus and the New Testament Israel was under Roman administration. After Herod the Great died Caesar Augustus had appointed Herod Phillip as Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis. Herod Antipas was given the Tetrarchy of upper and lower Galilee, and the district of Peraea. Idumaea, Judea, and Samaria was given to Herod Archelaus but later Archelaus, was banished by the Roman government, when Pontius Pilate became procurator of the new Imperial province of Judea.

The Geography of Israel During New Testament Times.

On the west side of the Jordan River Israel was nearly 150 miles from north to south, and from east to west it was 20 miles in northern Israel and 60 miles in southern Israel. The total square miles of Israel was around 6,000 square miles west of the Jordan and 4,000 square miles east of the Jordan.

The Jordan Valley was a deep chasm in the earth dividing the land. In northern Galilee the mountains that the Jordan River runs through are around 4,000 feet above sea level, and in the south the Jordan descends to about 2,600 feet below sea level at the southern end of the Dead Sea. That is an incredible descent.

On the west side of the Jordan River are the "Shephelah" or fertile foothills which comes down from the mountains of Lebanon. West of the foothills are smaller sand hills with beautiful lush plains along the coast. There were no natural harbors along the coast of Israel.

Israel had 3 main regions: Galilee in the north, Samaria in the middle, and Judaea in the south.

In Galilee there was upper Galilee and lower Galilee. Upper Galilee had many mpountain ranges averaging around 4,000 feet. Lower Galilee had smaller hills of 1,000 feet. The very fertile Plain of Esdralon and Valley of Megiddo was in Lower Galilee. The main cities in Galilee mentioned in the Bible were Nazareth, Cana, Capernaum, and far to the north was Caesarea Philippi.

Samaria had many rugged mountains of around 2500 feet. The Biblical cities in Samaria were mainly Sebaste, and Sychor.

Judea has a hill country and then lowers down to Beersheba in the south about 1,000 feet above sea level. The desert in the South is a plateau that rises about 500 feet above sea level, and is very barren. But the mountains in this region had much water. The cities of Judea mentioned in the Bible were mainly Jerusalem, Bethany, Jericho, Bethlehem, Emmaus, and to the South was Hebron and Masada.

East of the Jordan River are the mountains of Bashan which rise about 1500 feet above sea level, and very good for farming. Going southward the mountains rise to over 3500 feet above sea level, with a great view overlooking the Western portion of Israel.


Numbers 33:51-53 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places: And ye shall dispossess [the inhabitants] of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess it. 

The New Testament
Charts
Maps
The Birth of John the Baptist
The Birth of Jesus
The Childhood of Jesus
John the Baptist Appears
The Baptism of Jesus
The Temptation of Jesus
Jesus Begins His Work
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
The Imprisonment of John
The Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve are Chosen
Raising the Widow's Son
John's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calms the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
The Death of John the Baptist
Feeding the Multitudes
The Transfiguration
Jesus Leaves Galilee
Jesus Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus
The Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Triumphal Entry
The Last Supper
The Betrayal
The Crucifixion
The Resurrection
The Ascension
The Holy Spirit is Given
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions
Philip at Samaria
Conversion of Saul
The First Gentile Converted
The Church at Antioch
James Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion
Paul's 1st Missionary Journey
Council at Jerusalem
Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey
Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Arrives at Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Paul is Acquitted
Paul Visits Various Places
Paul's 2nd Prison at Rome
The Martyrdom of Paul
The Destruction of Jerusalem


The Story of the Bible

The New Testament
About
Divisions
Timeline
NT Charts
NT Maps

The Birth of John the Baptist
The Birth of Jesus
The Childhood of Jesus
Beginning of John the Baptist's Ministry
The Baptism of Jesus
The Temptation of Christ
Jesus Begins His Public Ministry
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
The Imprisonment of John the Baptist
The Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve Disciples are Chosen
The Raising of the Widow's Son
John the Baptist's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calming the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
The Death of John the Baptist
The Feeding of the Multitudes
The Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus Leaves Galilee for the Last Time
Jesus is Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead
The Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper with His Disciples
The Betrayal by Judas
The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Ascension of Jesus
The Holy Spirit is Poured Out
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions of the Christians
Philip at Samaria
The Conversion of Saul
The First Gentile is Converted
The Founding of the Church at Antioch
The Gospel of Matthew is Written
James is Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion on the Road to Damascus
Paul's First Missionary Journey Begins
The Council at Jerusalem
Paul's Second Missionary Journey Begins
I Thessalonians is Written
II Thessalonians is Written
Paul's Third Missionary Journey Begins
I Corinthians is Written
Galatians is Written
II Corinthians is Written
Romans is Written
The Gospel of Luke is Written

Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Reaches Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Ephesians is Written
Philippians is Written
Colossians is Written
Philemon is Written
James is Written
I Peter is Written
Acts is Written

Paul is Acquitted
He Visits Various Places
Hebrews is Written
I Timothy is Written
Titus is Written
The Gospel of Mark is Written
II Peter is Written

Paul's 2d Imprisonment at Rome
2 Timothy is Written
Martyrdom of Paul
Jude is Written
Destruction of Jerusalem
John's Writings

Conclusion
Bibliography and Credits

Summary of the New Testament Books

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation


The Old Testament - Brief Overview
The New Testament - Brief Overview
Bible History Online

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