The Book of Romans
Brief Summary. Paul's message in his profound epistle to the Romans 1-8 is that a man is justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law. Righteousness is by Christ alone, and when a man believes in Christ, he becomes dead to sin and the law and alive in Christ. The Holy Spirit sanctifies the believer and empowers him to live a holy life. A relationship with Christ brings adopted sonship and the assurance of salvation from sin. The question about the Jews and their fate is answered in Romans, they were chosen to possess the oracles of the Lord. Romans 9-11 reveals that the Jews failed to recognize Christ as the fulfillment of the Law and rejected their own Messiah. Therefore God rejected Israel, yet, this rejection is not total or final. Paul makes it abundantly clear that God will show mercy to those Jews who acknowledge Jesus as Lord. In Romans 12-16 Paul exhorts the Christians in Rome regarding the practical aspects of the new life in Christ.
Latin: Ad Romanos
Greek: Pro Romaious, To the Romans
Author: Paul (Saul) of Tarsus
Date: 55, during 3rd missionary journey
Writing to: Christians in Rome
Doctrinal Classification: Soteriology
General Theme: Paul's interpretation of the gospel
Important Points: Nature of Christ's Work. A systematic examination of justification, sanctification, and glorification. Examines Godís plan for the Jews and the Gentiles.
Romans. "The doctrinal part of the epistles instructs us,
1. Concerning the way of salvation (1.) The foundation of it laid in justification, and that not by the Gentiles' works of nature (Romans 1:32), nor by the Jews' works of the law (Romans 2:1-3:31), for both Jews and Gentiles were liable to the curse; but only by faith in Jesus Christ, Romans 3:21-4:25. (2.) The steps of this salvation are, [1.] Peace with God, Romans 5:1-21. [2.] Sanctification, Romans 6:1-7:25. [3.] Glorification, Romans 8:1-39.
2. Concerning the persons saved, such as belong to the election of grace (Romans 9:1-33), Gentiles and Jews, Romans 10:1-11:36. By this is appears that the subject he discourses of were such as were then the present truths, as the apostle speaks, 2 Peter 1:12. Two things the Jews then stumbled at--justification by faith without the works of the law, and the admission of the Gentiles into the church; and therefore both these he studied to clear and vindicate. II. The practical part follows, wherein we find, 1. Several general exhortations proper for all Christians, Romans 12:1-21. 2. Directions for our behaviour, as members of civil society, Romans 13:1-14.
3. Rules for the conduct of Christians to one another, as members of the Christian church, and ch. xv. 1-14. III. As he draws towards a conclusion, he makes an apology for writing to them (Romans 15:14-16), gives them an account of himself and his own affairs (Romans 15:17-21), promises them a visit (Romans 15:22-29), begs their prayers (Romans 15:30-32), sends particular salutations to many friends there (Romans 16:1-16), warns them against those who caused divisions (Romans 16:17-20), adds the salutations of his friends with him (Romans 16:21-23), and ends with a benediction to them and a doxology to God (Romans 16:24-27)." - Matthew Henry (Read More)
Outline of the Book of Romans (Scriptures and Topics Covered)
Doctrine and Theology - Chapters 1-8
God's Plan for Israel - Chapters 9-11
The New Life in Christ - Chapters 12-16
Questions for further study.
Who introduced Christianity to Rome?
Who with the Judaizers?
When did Paul write his epistle to the Romans?
Where did Paul write his epistle to the Romans?
Who took Paul's book of Romans to Rome?
What language was the book of Romans written in?
With what theme was the book of Romans written?
What are some of the arguments in the book of Romans?him
Table of Contents
The New Testament
Charts and Information
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. Heb. 8:6 (The Book of Hebrews)
The New Testament is the most wonderful book. It reveals how God has kept every promise that He made to the nation Israel and ultimately fulfilled His covenant with them in One Man, Jesus Christ. It contains an accurate account of the gospel of Jesus Christ, His life, His history on earth, His Words, and His plan for all nations including Israel. It reveals how God used a single man, a Jew, who courageously went out to the farthest parts of the known world, to preach the gospel, and would eventually die for his faith in Jesus Christ. It reveals the end of the world, and how Jesus Christ would receive the kingdom that God had promised Him from the beginning.
The New Covenant - A Heart Message
List of New Testament Books
|1 Corinthians||2 Corinthians||Galatians|
|1 Thessalonians||2 Thessalonians||1 Timothy|
|2 Peter||1 John||2 John|
Charts and Information