The Books of the New Testament
The Book of Romans
Brief Summary. Paul's message in his profound
epistle to the Romans 1-8 is that a man is justified by faith in Christ and not
by the works of the Law. Righteousness is by Christ alone, and when a man
believes in Christ, he becomes dead to sin and the law and alive in Christ. The
Holy Spirit sanctifies the believer and empowers him to live a holy life. A
relationship with Christ brings adopted sonship and the assurance of salvation
from sin. The question about the Jews and their fate is answered in Romans, they
were chosen to possess the oracles of the Lord. Romans 9-11 reveals that the
Jews failed to recognize Christ as the fulfillment of the Law and rejected their
own Messiah. Therefore God rejected Israel, yet, this rejection is not total or
final. Paul makes it abundantly clear that God will show mercy to those Jews who
acknowledge Jesus as Lord. In Romans 12-16 Paul exhorts the Christians in Rome
regarding the practical aspects of the new life in Christ.
Latin: Ad Romanos
Greek: Pro Romaious,
To the Romans
Author: Paul (Saul)
Date: 55, during
3rd missionary journey
Christians in Rome
Paul's interpretation of the gospel
Christ's Work. A systematic examination of justification, sanctification, and
glorification. Examines Godís plan for the Jews and the Gentiles.
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Romans. "The doctrinal part of the epistles instructs us,
1. Concerning the way of salvation (1.) The foundation of it laid in
justification, and that not by the Gentiles' works of nature (Romans 1:32), nor
by the Jews' works of the law (Romans 2:1-3:31), for both Jews and Gentiles were
liable to the curse; but only by faith in Jesus Christ, Romans 3:21-4:25. (2.)
The steps of this salvation are, [1.] Peace with God, Romans 5:1-21. [2.]
Sanctification, Romans 6:1-7:25. [3.] Glorification, Romans 8:1-39.
2. Concerning the persons saved, such as belong to the election of grace
(Romans 9:1-33), Gentiles and Jews, Romans 10:1-11:36. By this is appears that
the subject he discourses of were such as were then the present truths, as the
apostle speaks, 2 Peter 1:12. Two things the Jews then stumbled
at--justification by faith without the works of the law, and the admission of
the Gentiles into the church; and therefore both these he studied to clear and
vindicate. II. The practical part follows, wherein we find, 1. Several general
exhortations proper for all Christians, Romans 12:1-21. 2. Directions for our
behaviour, as members of civil society, Romans 13:1-14.
3. Rules for the conduct of Christians to one another, as members of the
Christian church, and ch. xv. 1-14. III. As he draws towards a conclusion, he
makes an apology for writing to them (Romans 15:14-16), gives them an account of
himself and his own affairs (Romans 15:17-21), promises them a visit (Romans
15:22-29), begs their prayers (Romans 15:30-32), sends particular salutations to
many friends there (Romans 16:1-16), warns them against those who caused
divisions (Romans 16:17-20), adds the salutations of his friends with him
(Romans 16:21-23), and ends with a benediction to them and a doxology to God
(Romans 16:24-27)." - Matthew Henry (Read
Outline of the Book of Romans (Scriptures and Topics Covered)
Doctrine and Theology - Chapters 1-8
God's Plan for Israel - Chapters 9-11
The New Life in Christ - Chapters 12-16
Questions for further study.
Who introduced Christianity to Rome?
Who with the Judaizers?
When did Paul write his epistle to the Romans?
Where did Paul write his epistle to the Romans?
Who took Paul's book of Romans to Rome?
What language was the book of Romans written in?
With what theme was the book of Romans written?
What are some of the arguments in the book of Romans?him
the Roman Empire
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Map of Paul's Voyage to Rome
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