The Books of the New Testament
The Book of Hebrews
Brief Summary. The Main theme of the book of
Hebrews can be found in the opening verses. Jesus Christ is clearly greater than
anything that the Old Covenant had produced. Jesus is the great high priest, the
eternal mediator between God and man who never stops mediating, and is the
perfect fulfillment of all prophecies and types and shadows pointing to the
Hebrew Messiah within the Old Covenant. The book of Hebrews unveils Christ as
the One who is greater than each of the types and shadows that were pointing to
him in the Old Covenant. Moses was the great lawgiver, but Christ was the
perfect fulfillment of the law. The high priest in the Old Testament offered
sacrifices each year, Jesus the eternal high Priest offered himself once and for
all. The promises contained in the Old Covenant were for a season, but the New
Testament is built on better promises that are forever written on men's hearts.
Latin: Ad Hebraeos
Hebraious, To the Hebrews
Writing to: Jewish
Christians in Jerusalem or possibly Rome.
Superiority of the priesthood of Christ and His salvation
Mediator of a New Covenant. A letter to the Hebrews Christians in danger of
returning to Judaism. It demonstrates the superiority of Jesus over the Old
Testament system. Mentions the Melchizedek priesthood. (Hebrews may be of
Pauline origin. There is much debate on its authorship).
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Hebrews. "CONCERNING this epistle we must enquire, I. Into the
divine authority of it; for this has been questioned by some, whose distempered
eyes could not bear the light of it, or whose errors have been confuted by it;
such as the Arians, who deny the Godhead and self-existence of Christ; and the
Socinians, who deny his satisfaction; but, after all the attempts of such men to
disparage this epistle, the divine original of it shines forth with such strong
and unclouded rays that he who runs may read it is an eminent part of the canon
of scripture. The divinity of the matter, the sublimity of the style, the
excellency of the design, the harmony of this with other parts of scripture, and
its general reception in the church of God in all ages--these are the evidences
of its divine authority. II. As to the divine amanuensis or penman of this
epistle, we are not so certain; it does not bear the name of any in the front of
it, as the rest of the epistles do, and there has been some dispute among the
learned to whom they should ascribe it. Some have assigned it to Clemens of
Rome; other to Luke; and many to Barnabas, thinking that the style and manner of
expression is very agreeable to the zealous, authoritative, affectionate temper
that Barnabas appears to be of, in the account we have of him in the acts of the
Apostles; and one ancient father quotes an expression out of this epistle as the
words of Barnabas. But it is generally assigned to the apostle Paul; and some
later copies and translations have put Paul's name in the title. In the
primitive times it was generally ascribed to him, and the style and scope of it
very well agree with his spirit, who was a person of a clear head and a warm
heart, whose main end and endeavour it was to exalt Christ. Some think that the
apostle Peter refers to this epistle, and proves Paul to be the penman of it, by
telling the Hebrews, to whom he wrote, of Paul's having written to them, 2 Peter
3:15. We read of no other epistle that he ever wrote to them but this. And
though it has been objected that, since Paul put his name to all his other
epistles, he would not have omitted it here; yet others have well answered that
he, being the apostle of the Gentiles, who were odious to the Jews, might think
fit to conceal his name, lest their prejudices against him might hinder them
from reading and weighing it as they ought to do. III. As to the scope and
design of this epistle, it is very evident that it was clearly to inform the
minds, and strongly to confirm the judgment, of the Hebrews in the transcendent
excellency of the gospel above the law, and so to take them off from the
ceremonies of the law, to which they were so wedded, of which they were so fond,
that they even doted on them, and those of them who were Christians retained too
much of the old leaven, and needed to be purged from it. The design of this
epistle was to persuade and press the believing Hebrews to a constant adherence
to the Christian faith, and perseverance in it, notwithstanding all the
sufferings they might meet with in so doing. In order to this, the apostle
speaks much of the excellency of the author of the gospel, the glorious Jesus,
whose honour he advances, and whom he justly prefers before all others, showing
him to be all in all, and this in lofty strains of holy rhetoric. It must be
acknowledged that there are many things in this epistle hard to be understood,
but the sweetness we shall find therein will make us abundant amends for all the
pains we take to understand it. And indeed, if we compare all the epistles of
the New Testament, we shall not find any of them more replenished with divine,
heavenly matter than this to the Hebrews." - Matthew Henry (Read
Outline of the Book of Hebrews (Scriptures and Topics Covered)
Christ Greater Than the Prophets and Angels - Chapters 1-2
Christ Greater Than Moses and Joshua - Chapters 3-4
Christ Greater Than the Aaronic Priesthood - Chapters 5-8
Christ's New Covenant Greater Than the Old - Chapters 8-10
Faith in Christ Greater Than the Law - Chapters 11-13
Questions for further study.
Why was Hebrews written?
In Hebrews what is Jesus greater than?
Who was the author of the book of Hebrews?
When was the book of Hebrews written?
Where was the book of Hebrews written?
What language was the book of Hebrews written in?
What is the main theme in the book of Hebrews ?
Where can the main theme of Hebrews be found?
What is the Book of Hebrews best advice?
Map of New Testament Israel
the Roman Empire
Map of the New Testament World
Map of Paul's First Missionary Journey
Map of Paul's Second Missionary Journey
Map of New Testament Cities
Map of the 7 Churches of Revelation (Asia Minor)
Map of the Roman Empire In the Time of Jesus
of Asia in Roman Times
Map of New Testament Greece