The Destruction of the Southern Kingdom of Judah
Fall of Jerusalem
Brief Overview of the History of the Fall of
Jerusalem in 586 BC
2 Kings 24:20 "For because of the anger of the LORD this happened in Jerusalem
and Judah, that He finally cast them out from His presence."
was under siege for many long months as the food ran out and disease and
starvation spread throughout the city.
On July 10, 586
B.C. The Babylonian forces of king Nebuchadnezzar broke through the northern
wall of Jerusalem and it was only a matter of time. Josephus records some of the
gruesome details of the siege:
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that
there was no food for the people of the land. Then the city was broken into, and
all the men of war fled by night by way of the gate between the two walls beside
the king’s garden, though the Chaldeans were all around the city. And they went
by way of the Arabah. But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and
overtook him in the plains of Jericho and all his army was scattered from him.
Then they captured the king and brought him to the king of Babylon at Riblah,
and he passed sentence on him. During this siege, Zedekiah and the remnants of
his army broke out of Jerusalem and fled east toward Jericho, only to be
captured and brought to Riblah where Nebuchadnezzar still maintained his
headquarters. When he was come Nebuchadnezzar began to call him a wicked wretch
and a covenant-breaker and one that had forgotten his former words, when he
promised to keep the country for him. (Josephus. Antiquities 10:8:2).
Zedekiah was forced
to watch his sons be executed before his eyes were gouged out. He was given
bronze fetters and led 700 miles to Babylon, the land of idolatry where he would
die in prison.
survivors were hauled across the Syrian Desert to Babylon, many of them
perishing along the way. The Southern Kingdom of Judah had ceased to exist, the
monarchy had ended and this marked the end of the First Temple Period.
burned and the walls of the city were torn down. All military, civil and
religious leaders were either executed or carried away into captivity. Only the
poorest of the peasants of Judah were allowed to remain in the land which was by
now a place of complete desolation.
The Events Surrounding the
Destruction of Jerusalem
The Fall of Judah
Bible History Online
The Story of the Bible
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