The Babylonian Captivity with Map
The City of Babylon
Babylon or "babilu"
means (gate of god). It was one of the most famous cities of the ancient world
located in the plain of shinar on the Euphrates River, about 50 miles south of
Modern Baghdad. It was the capital of the mighty Babylonian Empire. During the
time of Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562 B.C.) who captured Jerusalem, Babylon was at
the height of its glory and the most important city of the whole Mesopotamia
region. Nebuchadnezzar built palaces, temples, mighty walls and beautiful
gateways. The hanging gardens of Babylon were considered one of the wonders of
the ancient world.
The Jewish captives
lived in towns and villages along the Chebar River and were treated very fairly
by the Babylonians. The Jews were allowed to live together in communities, they
were allowed to farm and perform other sorts of labor to earn income. Many Jews
eventually became wealthy.
Clay tablets were
excavated near the Ishtar Gate which indicate that even in captivity Jehoiachin
was referred to as the "king of Judah" and he received abundant food supplies
from the royal storehouse.
the Jews were encouraged by the prophet Jeremiah from Jerusalem to take wives,
build houses, plant gardens and to take advantage of their situation because
they were going to be there for seventy years.
Map of the Deportation of
Bible History Online
The Story of the Bible
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