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    1200 BC: The Phoenicians Includes information about their alphabet. [Mesopotamia] [People]

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    Abraham Catholic Encyclopedia [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Assyrians beginnings of Jewish Diaspora. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Chaldeans: Historical Background Information on history, language, and religion. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Cleopatra's Children Check out this unique series brought to you by Bible History Online Includes Real Audio. Trace the interesting history of the children of the great Queen of Egypt [Ancient Egypt Rome] [People] [Cleopatra]

    Code of Hammurabi [Hammurabi] was the ruler who chiefly established the greatness of Babylon, the world`s first metropolis. Many relics of Hammurabi`s reign ([1795-1750 BC]) have been preserved, and today we can study this remarkable a wise law-giver in his celebrated code. . . [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Cyrus the Great Artwork and information. Has info about cylinder.[Mesopotamia] [People]

    David: a Man after God's Heart [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Encarta Online information about Hammurabi information on Mesopotamia, Sumer, and Hammurabi [People in History] [Searches and Tools]

    Gudea of Lagash Of all the rulers of ancient Mesopotamia, Gudea, ensi (governor) of Lagash, emerges the most clearly across the millennia due to the survival of many of his religious texts and statues. He ruled his city-state in southeast Iraq for twenty years, bringing peace and prosperity at a time when the Guti, tribesmen from the northeastern mountains, occupied the land. His inscriptions describe vast building programs of temples for his gods. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Hammurabi Hammurabi made Babylon one of the great cities of the ancient world. Archaeologists have discovered that in his city the streets were laid out in straight lines that intersect approximately at right angles, an innovation that bears witness to city planning and strong central government. [information on Mesopotamia, Sumer, and Hammurabi] [People in History] [Searches and Tools]

    Hittite Home Page Introduction] / [Hittite Studies] / [Ancient Anatolia] / [Museums and Institutes] / [Excavations and Places] / [Other Web Sites] / [Images] / [Books] / [In the Neighborhood] [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Hittites [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Kassites [Mesopotamia] [People]

    King Darius In 521 BC Cambyses, the King of Persia, dies and the person who takes over his job is named Darius. Many of the smaller cities that made up the Persian Empire thought that King Darius and his huge army were invincible. They were so afraid that they listened to his commands and never disobeyed him. [People in History] [Tools and Searches]

    King David from Timeline of Jewish History [Mesopotamia] [People]

    King Saul: The Bible's Tragic Hero Summary .. Saul Chosen as King .. The Rescue of Jabesh .. Saul's First Disobedience .. Saul's Foolish Order .. Saul's Downfall Foretold .. Saul's Jealousy of David .. Saul Murders the High Priest .. David Spares Saul's Life .. David Again Spares Saul's Life .. The Witch of Endor .. Saul's Death [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Medical Arts in Ancient Mesopotamia The ancient Babylonians developed a systematic practice of the Medical Arts. Writings found on cuneiform tablets include specific herbal remedies to treat eye infections, intestinal disorders and other maladies. In 1990, archeologists working in Iraq discovered the remains of an enormous temple (c. 1300 bce), nearly the size of a football field, dedicated to the ancient goddess of medicine, Gula. Pilgrims travelled to the temple, it is believed, to secure healing. Often they brought figures or figurines with them to register their complaint. These figures are from the Temple of Gula, goddess of Medicine, excavated at Nippur (ancient Mesopotamia), Iraq. Earlier known as Bau, or Ninkarrak, in Mesopotamian religion, city goddess of Urukug in the Lagash region and, under the name Nininsina, the Queen of Isin, city goddess of Isin, south of Nippur. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Nebuchadnezzar II (r. 605""562 bc), greatest king of the neo-Babylonian, or Chaldean, dynasty, who conquered much of southwestern Asia; known also for his extensive building in the major cities of Babylonia. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    New Societies in West Asia [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Persian & Iranian Kings dynasties and kings through the eighteenth century, archaeological sites, palaces and other architectural sites, philosophical information, and other historical sites. [People in History]

    Solomon [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Sumerians of Mesopotamia These Sumerians were constantly at war with one another and other peoples, for water was a scarce and valuable resource. The result over time of these wars was the growth of larger city-states as the more powerful swallowed up the smaller city-states. Eventually, the Sumerians would have to battle another peoples, the Akkadians, who migrated up from the Arabian Peninsula. The Akkadians were a Semitic people, that is, they spoke a Semitic language related to languages such as Hebrew and Arabic. When the two peoples clashed, the Sumerians gradually lost control over the city-states they had so brilliantly created and fell under the hegemony of the Akkadian kingdom which was based in Akkad, the city that was later to become Babylon. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Tablet of Sargon's 8th Campaign His Eighth Campaign was meant to put an end to the dispute over Mannea and produce a lasting pro-Assyrian government. In the form of a letter to the god Assur, this tablet relates the eighth military campaign led by Sargon II against, among others, the kingdom of Urartu, which englobed Armenia and Kurdistan. The text, of 430 lines, tells how the king led the operations and captured the holy town of Musasir." [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Assyrian Kings List Names. Dates, etc. [People in History]

    The Hebrews The ancient Middle East and Mesopotamia was a dynamically multicultural society composed of small, often insignificant kingdoms frequently torn between the forces of mighty empires, from Babylon to Egypt to Greece to Rome. But one of these small kingdoms, for the most part utterly insignificant in the drama of early civilization, became through its religion, philosophy, and law one of the most important cultures in Middle Eastern and Western history. Beginning inauspiciously as a closely-knit, war-like group of wandering tribes, this culture enjoyed for a blink of a historical eye a mighty empire, but it soon lapsed into a small and besieged state. Curiously, it was in defeat, dominated over by foreigners whose fathers came from across the Mediteranean sea, that the Hebrews would emerge as one of the most significant progenitors of the culture of the West and Middle East, giving us monotheism, law, and a new history for the west. The journey is an epic one, from dim and unpromising beginnings to empire to the loss of home and dispersion throughout the world, from Hebrew to Israelite to Jew, carrying with them always the promise that the one god would protect and preserve them over all others. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Hebrews [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Hebrews to 1000 BCE History of the Hebrews. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Legend of Solomon Solomon, the King of Israel, the son of David and Bathsheba, ascended the throne of his kingdom 2989 years after the creation of the world, and 1015 years before the Christian era. He was they only twenty years of age, but the youthful monarch is said to have commenced his reign with the decision of a legal question of some difficulty, in which he exhibited the first promise of that wise judgement for which he was ever afterward distinguished....[Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Persians [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Queen of Sheba [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Story of Abraham from the Hebrew Bible Importance of Abraham to both the Muslims and the Jews. [Mesopotamia] [People]

    The Sumerians [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Time-Line for the History of Judaism Timeline of Jewish History [Mesopotamia] [People]

    Xerxes Born about 465 BC, to Darius Hystaspis and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great. He was king of Persia from 486-465 BC. He tried to continue his father`s plans to conquer Greece from 483-480 BC, after which he returned to Persia. [Famous Battles] [Ancient Greece]

    Yale Law School with still more about Hammurabi information on Mesopotamia, Sumer, and Hammurabi [People in History] [Searches and Tools]