King Philoxenus in Wikipedia
Philoxenus Aniketos "The Invincible", was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in the region spanning the Paropamisade to Punjab. Philoxenus seems to have been quite an important king who might briefly have ruled most of the Indo-Greek territory. Bopearachchi dates Philoxenus to c. 100-95 BCE and R.C. Senior to c. 125-110 BCE.
Historians have not yet connected Philoxenus with any dynasty, but he could have been the father of the princess Kalliope, who was married to the king Hermaeus.
Coins of Philoxenos
Philoxenus struck several series of bilingual Indian silver coins, with a reverse of a mounted king, a type previously used as obverse by Antimachus II sixty years earlier and as reverse on rare types of Nicias. Whether the horseman was a dynastic emblem or a portrait of the king as a cavalleryman is unclear. Several Saka kings used similar horsemen on their coinage. His drachms were square, another feature that was rare among Indo-Greeks but standard for Sakas, and this indicates that Philoxenus had connections with the nomads that had conquered Bactria.
Philoxenus struck bronzes with female deity/bull, or Helios/Nike.
Philoxenus also minted some Attic-type tetradrachms (with Greek legend only), meant for circulation in Bactria.
Philoxĕnus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
A famous Greek dithyrambic poet, of Cythera, born in B.C. 435. He came as a prisoner of war into the possession of the Athenian musician Melanippides, by whom he was educated and set free. He lived long at Syracuse, at the court of the tyrant Dionysius I., who threw him into the stone-quarries for outspoken criticism on his bad poems. On his escape from Sicily he revenged himself on the tyrant, who was short-sighted or perhaps blind of one eye, by witty raillery in the most famous of his twenty-four dithyrambs, the Cyclops, which describes the love of the one-eyed Polyphemus for the beautiful nymph Galatea. He died B.C. 380, at Ephesus, after visiting various places in Greece, Italy, and Asia Minor for the public performance of his compositions. These were celebrated among the ancients for originality of expression and rich variety of melody. We have only some considerable fragments of a lyric poem entitled The Banquet (Δεῖπνον), in which the burlesque subject affords a comic contrast to the dignified Doric rhythm. Edition by Bippart (Leipzig, 1843), and in Bergk, Poet. Lyrici Graeci.
A Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great who received from Perdiccas the government of Cilicia in B.C. 321.
An Alexandrian grammarian who taught in Rome and wrote on Homer and the Greek dialects, besides compiling a glossary which has been preserved and edited by H. Stephanus (Paris, 1573). See Lexicon.
Philoxenus in Wikipedia
Philoxenus or Philoxenos (Greek, foreigner lover) is the name of several prominent ancient Greeks:
* Philoxenus of Cythera, an ancient Greek dithyrambic poet
* Philoxenus of Leucas, a legendary glutton
* King Philoxenus, an Indo-Greek king
* Philoxenus (general), a Macedonian general who was one of the Diadochi
* Philoxenus (physician), ancient Greek physician
* Philoxenus of Mabbug (d. 523), Syriac writer and proponent of Miaphysitism
* Philoxenus of Eretria, Hellenistic painter
Philoxenus of Eretria in Wikipedia
Philoxenus of Eretria was a painter from Eretria, the disciple of Nicomachus of Thebes, whose speed in painting he imitated and even surpassed, having discovered some new and rapid methods of colouring Nevertheless, Pliny states that there was a picture of his which was inferior to none, of a battle of Alexander the Great with Darius, which he painted for king Cassander. A similar subject is represented in the celebrated Alexander Mosaic found in the House of the Faun, Pompeii. As the disciple of Nicomachus, who flourished about 360 BC, and as the painter of the battle of Issus (333 BC), Philoxenus must have flourished in the age of Alexander, about 330 BC and onwards. The words of Pliny, "Cassandro regi", "Cassander being king", if taken literally, would show that the date of his great picture must have been after 317 or 315 BC, for from one of those two years the reign of Cassander in Macedon must be dated.