Diocles in Wikipedia
Diocles may refer to:
* Diocles, a person in Greek mythology
* Roman emperor Diocletian, formerly named Diocles
* Diocles of Carystus, Greek physician who lived 4th century BC
* Diocles (mathematician), second century BC and the beginning of the first century BC
* Diocles of Messenia, winner of the stadion race of the 7th Olympic Games in 752 BC
* Diocles of Corinth, winner of the sadion race of the 13th Olympic Games in 728 BC
* Diocles of Magnesia, Greek writer on ancient philosophers quoted many times by Diogenes Laertius
* Diocles of Cnidus, Greek philosopher who wrote a work quoted by Eusebius
* Gaius Appuleius Diocles, Roman charioteer
Diocles of Carystus in Wikipedia
Diocles of Carystus (Greek: Διοκλῆς ὁ Καρύστιος; lived 4th century BC), a very celebrated Greek physician, was born at Carystus in Euboea, lived not long after the time of Hippocrates, to whom Pliny says he was next in age and fame. Not much is known of his life, other that he lived and worked in Athens, where he wrote what may be the first medical treatise in Attic (not in Ionic as was customary in Greek medical writings). His most important work was in practical medicine, especially diet and nutrition, but he also wrote the first systematic textbook on animal anatomy. According to a number of sources, he was the first to use the word "anatomy" to describe the study.  He belonged to the medical sect of the Dogmatici, and wrote several medical works, of which only the titles and some fragments remain, preserved by Galen, Caelius Aurelianus, Oribasius, Athenaeus (in the Deipnosophistae), and other ancient writers.
There is letter in his name addressed to king Antigonus, entitled A Letter on Preserving Health (Greek: Ἐπιστολή Προφυλακτική), which is inserted by Paul of Aegina at the end of the first book of his own medical compendium, and which, if genuine, was probably addressed to Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedon, who died in 239 BC, at the age of eighty, after a reign of forty-four years. It resembles in its subject matter several other similar letters ascribed to Hippocrates, and treats of the diet fitted for the different seasons of the year.
It used to be said that Diocles was the first to explain the difference between the veins and arteries; but this does not seem to be correct, nor is any great discovery connected with his name. His fragments have been recently collected and translated in English by Philip van der Eijk, with a commentary in a separate volume.