Achaeus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A Greek tragic poet of Eretria, born about B.C. 484, a contemporary of Sophocles, and especially famous in the line of satyric drama. He wrote about forty plays, of which only small fragments are preserved. These have been edited by Urlichs (Bonn, 1834).
Achaeus in Wikipedia
Achaeus may refer to:
Achaeus (son of Xuthus), mythical founder of Achaean race
Achaeus (Greek: Ἀχαιός) was, according to nearly all traditions, a son of Xuthus and Creusa, and consequently a brother of Ion and grandson of Hellen. The Achaeans regarded him as the author of their race, and derived from him their own name as well as that of Achaia, which was formerly called Aegialus. When his uncle Aeolus in Thessaly, whence he himself had come to Peloponnesus, died, he went thither and made himself master of Phthiotis, which now also received from him the name of Achaia. Servius alone calls Achaeus a son of Jupiter and Pithia, which is probably miswritten for Phthia.
Achaeus of Eretria, tragic poet who wrote forty-five tragedies, some of whose titles are preserved
Achaeus of Eretria (Greek: Aχαιός; born 484 BC in Euboea) was a Greek playwright author of tragedies and satyr plays, variously said to have written 24, 30, or 44 plays, of which 19 titles are known, some of which include Adrastus, Linus, Cycnus, Eumenides, Philoctetes, Pirithous, Theseus, and dipus.
His first play was produced in 447 BC and won a prize. A quote in Aristophanes' The Frogs suggests he was dead by 405 BC. Some classicists suggest that the fact that he only won a single prize was due to his non-Athenian birth, as the men of Athens were loath to honor any but their own fellow-citizens.
Achaeus of Eretria belongs to the classic age, but is not recognized as a classic writer. His satyric plays were much admired for their spirited style, albeit somewhat labored and lacking in clearness. The philosopher Menedemus thought his plays second only to Aeschylus, he was part of the Alexandrian canon, and Didymus wrote a commentary on him. Athenaeus (10.451c) describes him as having a lucid style, but with tendencies to obscurity. Athenaeus also claimed that Euripides took a line from Achaeus, while Aristophanes quotes him twice, in The Frogs and The Wasps.
Achaeus of Syracuse, another tragic poet who wrote ten or fourteen tragedies
Achaeus of Syracuse (Greek: Aχαιός; lived 4th century BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian native of Syracuse. The Suda ascribes to him 10 plays, while the Pseudo-Eudocia 14. He may be the "Achaios" who won a victory at Athens' Lenaia festival in 356 BC.
Achaeus (son of Seleucus I Nicator), son of Seleucus I Nicator and brother of Antiochus I Soter
Achaeus (flourished 3rd century BC) was a Greek Macedonian nobleman and was the second son born to King and founder of the Seleucid Empire Seleucus I Nicator and Persian noblewoman Apama. Achaeus was of Greek and Persian descent. His sisters were Apama and Laodice, while his brother was the second Seleucid King Antiochus I Soter. Achaeus is sometimes called Achaeus the Elder to distinguish himself from his grandson of the same name.
Achaeus was a wealthy man and owned estates in Anatolia. Achaeus was a benefactor for those who assisted during the war against the Galatians. The Seleucid military campaign against the Galatians took place between 269 BC-267 BC, during the reign of Antiochus I. Those who had assisted Antiochus I and Achaeus were taken prisoner and Achaeus paid for their ransom to be released. Antiochus I won this military campaign. Those who had Acheaus as their benefactor inscribed their benefaction on a stone stele and placed it in the sanctuary of Zeus at Babakome and that of Apollo at Kiddioukome. The descendants of those who were saved by Achaeus for all time were granted a seat of honor at the public festivals and sacrificed to Achaeus every year an ox in the sanctuary of Zeus.
Achaeus married an unnamed Greek woman, probably a relation of the Diadochi. From this marriage, he had a son and two daughters:
* Andromachus, a general. He was the father of Achaeus (general) and Laodice mother of the Seleucid King Antiochus III the Great.
* Laodice I, a Seleucid Queen who married her paternal cousin Seleucid King Antiochus II Theos, hence was the mother of another Seleucid King Seleucus II Callinicus.
* Antiochis, who married a Greek nobleman called Attalus and was the mother of King Attalus I of Pergamon.
Achaeus (general), grandson to the above and a relative of Antiochus III the Great who was appointed governor of all the king's provinces beyond Taurus Mountains
Achaeus (Greek: Aχαιός; died 213 BC) was a general and later a separatist ruler of part of the Greek Seleucid kingdom. He was the son of Andromachus; the latter was brother of Laodice, the wife of Seleucus Callinicus and the mother of Antiochus III the Great. Achaeus himself married Laodice, one of the daughters to Laodice and Mithridates II of Pontus. He accompanied Seleucus Ceraunus, the son of Callinicus, in his expedition across mount Taurus against Attalus I, and after the assassination of Seleucus revenged his death; and though he might easily have assumed the royal power, he remained faithful to the family of Seleucus.
In 223 BC Antiochus III, the successor of Seleucus, appointed him to the command of all Asia on this side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which Attalus had gained for the Seleucids once more; but being falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt, he did so in self-defence, assumed the title of king, and ruled over the whole of Asia on this side of the Taurus. As long as Antiochus was engaged in the war with Ptolemy, he would not march against Achaeus; but upon the conclusion of a treaty with Ptolemy, he crossed the Taurus, uniting his forces with Attalus, and in one campaign deprived Achaeus of his dominions and took Sardis (with the exception of the citadel). After sustaining a siege of two years, the citadel at last fell into the hands of Antiochus in 213 BC, through the treachery of Bolis (who had been employed by Sosibius, minister to Ptolemy). Bolis pledged to deliver Achaeus to safety, but turned him over to Antiochus, who immediately put him to death.